English Grammar: Language as Human Behavior / Edition 2by Anita K Barry
Pub. Date: 06/29/2001
This conversational, self-reflective guide helps readers understand the social judgments that accompany language use—making them feel they are active participants in shaping their language rather than passive victims of grammar rules that someone imposes on them. Supplementing traditional grammar terms with insights gained by modern linguistic analysis, it
This conversational, self-reflective guide helps readers understand the social judgments that accompany language use—making them feel they are active participants in shaping their language rather than passive victims of grammar rules that someone imposes on them. Supplementing traditional grammar terms with insights gained by modern linguistic analysis, it describes English as an instrument of communication, and lays the necessary groundwork for thinking about language so users can apply their knowledge of language in ways most useful to them.
Explores the basics of English, beginning with a discussion of the development of a standard English language and the origins of our present day rules of English and attitudes towards usage; initiates the study of grammar, emphasizing the complex interaction between language rules and behavior; talks about how one approaches the study of the structure of a language; and finally, works from the lowest levels of grammatical organization to the highest—starting with an analysis of words and working up to the level of the sentence. Offers many different types of exercises that encourage readers to think, talk, and write about English in real-world contexts with increasing confidence and sophistication.
For writers, communications professionals, and anyone interested in acquiring a better understanding of how the English language works.
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Table of Contents
1. Why Study English Grammar?
Native Speakers and Grammar Study. Standard English. Judgments about English. The Legacy of the Eighteenth Century. Reflections.
2. How Do We Study English Grammar?
Why Do People Disagree about Grammar? What Are the Common Elements of English? Reflections.
3. Nouns and Noun Phrases.
What Are Nouns? What Are Some Common Subcategories of Nouns? What Makes Up a Noun Phrase? Determiners. What Are the Functions of Noun Phrases? Verbal Nouns and Noun Phrases. Compounds. Reflections. Practice Exercises.
4. Verbs and Verb Phrases.
What Are Verbs? What about the Exceptions? What Are Some Common Subcategories of Verbs? What Is Verb Tense? What Makes Up a Verb Phrase? What Are Nonfinite Verb Phrases? Compounds. What Is Subject-Verb Agreement? Reflections. Practice Exercises.
What Are Pronouns? Personal Pronouns. Reflexive Pronouns. Reciprocal Pronouns. Demonstrative Pronouns. Relative Pronouns. Interrogative Pronouns. Universal and Indefinite Pronouns. Reflections. Practice Exercises.
6. Adjectives and Adverbs.
What Are Adjectives? How Do Adjectives Modify Nouns? What Are Adjective Phrases? What Are Adverbs? Is All Well and Good? What Are Adverb Phrases? Reflections. Practice Exercises.
7. Prepositions and Particles.
What Are Prepositions? What Are Prepositional Phrases? What Are Particles? Reflections. Practice Exercises.
8. Clause Type: Voice.
What Is Grammatical Voice? How Is the Passive Voice Formed? How Are Grammatical Relations Determined in the Passive Voice? Why Do We Need the Passive Voice? What Is a Truncated Passive? Reflections. Practice Exercises.
9. Clause Type: Discourse Function.
What Is Discourse Function? Declaratives. Interrogatives. Imperatives. Exclamatives. Crossover Functions of Clause Types. Reflections. Practice Exercises.
10. Clause Type: Affirmative vs. Negative.
What Is Negativity in Grammar? Verb Negation. Negation of Indefinites. Noun Negation. Adjective and Adverb Negation. Negation of Compounds. Partial Negation. Reflections. Practice Exercises.
11. Combining Clauses into Sentences: Coordination.
How Is a Sentence Different from a Clause? Sentence Building Through Coordination. Clause Coordination and Ellipsis. Reflections. Practice Exercises.
12. Combining Clauses into Sentences: Subordination.
Sentence Building Through Subordination. Adverbial Clauses. Noun Clauses. Relative Clauses. Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Relative Clauses. Reduced Relative Clauses. Reflections. Practice Exercises.
13. Why Study English Grammar? (Once More!)
Answers to Practice Exercises.
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