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English Syntax and Argumentation (Second Edition) / Edition 2
     

English Syntax and Argumentation (Second Edition) / Edition 2

by Bas Aarts
 

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ISBN-10: 0333949862

ISBN-13: 9780333949863

Pub. Date: 11/02/2001

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

This textbook on syntax gives students a thorough grounding in the basics of sentence structure, and at the same time acquaints them with the essentials of syntactic argumentation. This new edition is completely revised, with the chapter on X-bar syntax now split in two to give greater prominence to clauses. It also contains many new exercises, which are now graded

Overview

This textbook on syntax gives students a thorough grounding in the basics of sentence structure, and at the same time acquaints them with the essentials of syntactic argumentation. This new edition is completely revised, with the chapter on X-bar syntax now split in two to give greater prominence to clauses. It also contains many new exercises, which are now graded in terms of level of difficulty. Each chapter has a section on suggested further reading material, and there is a bibliography and list of recommended reference works.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780333949863
Publisher:
Palgrave Macmillan
Publication date:
11/02/2001
Series:
Modern Linguistics Series
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
326
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the First Editionxii
Preface to the Second Editionxiii
Part IFunction and Form
Chapter 1Introduction3
Chapter 2Function8
2.1Subject and Predicate8
2.2Predicator14
2.3Direct Object15
2.4Indirect Object19
2.5Adjunct20
Key Concepts21
Exercises22
Further Reading24
Chapter 3Form: Words, Word Classes and Phrases25
3.1The notion 'word'25
3.2Nouns and determiners26
3.3Adjectives32
3.4Verbs34
3.5Prepositions44
3.6Adverbs44
3.7Conjunctions46
3.8Interjections48
Key Concepts48
Exercises49
Further Reading52
Chapter 4More on Form: Clauses and Sentences53
4.1Clauses and clause hierarchies53
4.2The rank scale56
4.3Sentence types58
4.3.1Declarative sentences58
4.3.2Interrogative sentences59
4.3.3Imperative sentences60
4.3.4Exclamative sentences61
4.3.5The pragmatics of the sentence types62
4.4More on tree diagrams63
Key Concepts67
Exercises68
Further Reading70
Chapter 5The Function-Form Interface71
5.1Function-form relationships71
5.2Realisations of the Subject72
5.3Realisation of the Predicate and Predicator75
5.4Realisations of the Direct Object75
5.5Realisations of the Indirect Object79
5.6Realisations of Adjuncts79
Key Concepts86
Exercises86
Further Reading87
Part IIElaboration
Chapter 6Predicates, Arguments and Thematic Roles91
6.1Predicates and arguments91
6.2Thematic roles94
6.3Grammatical functions and thematic roles97
6.4Selectional restrictions98
6.5Three levels of description99
Key Concepts99
Exercises100
Further Reading102
Chapter 7Cross-Categorial Generalisations: X-bar Syntax104
7.1Heads, Complements and Specifiers104
7.2Adjuncts111
7.3Cross-categorial generalisations119
7.4Subcategorisation121
7.4.1Subcategorisation versus argument/thematic structure123
Key Concepts124
Exercises124
Further Reading127
Chapter 8More on Clauses129
8.1The I-node129
8.2Subordinate clauses134
8.2.1Clauses functioning as Direct Object, Subject and Adjunct134
8.2.2Clauses functioning as Complements within phrases137
8.2.3Clauses functioning as Adjuncts within phrases138
Key Concepts140
Exercises140
Further Reading141
Chapter 9Movement142
9.1Verb movement: aspectual auxiliaries142
9.2NP-movement: passive149
9.3NP-movement: Subject-to-Subject raising155
9.4Movement in interrogative sentences: Subject-auxiliary inversion157
9.5Wh-movement160
9.6The structure of sentences containing one or more auxiliaries162
Key Concepts165
Exercises165
Further Reading167
Part IIIArgumentation
Chapter 10Syntactic Argumentation171
10.1The art of argumentation171
10.2Economy of description: Linguistically Significant Generalisations and Occam's razor174
10.2.1Linguistically Significant Generalisations174
10.2.2Occam's razor176
10.2.2.1Verb-preposition constructions177
10.2.2.2Achieving economy in the domain of functional terminology181
10.3Further constraints on description: elegance and independent justifications183
10.3.1Elegance of description183
10.3.2Independent justifications186
10.4Evaluating analyses188
Key Concepts189
Exercises189
Further Reading192
Chapter 11Constituency: Movement and Substitution193
11.1Movement194
11.1.1Movements to the left195
11.1.1.1Topicalisation195
11.1.1.2VP-Preposing196
11.1.1.3Though-Movement201
11.1.2Movements to the right202
11.1.2.1Heavy-NP-Shift202
11.1.2.2Extraposition of Subject Clauses203
11.1.2.3Extraposition from NP203
11.2Substitution205
11.2.1Substitution of nominal projections: NP and N'205
11.2.2Substitution of verbal projections: VP and V'211
Key Concepts217
Exercises217
Further Reading222
Chapter 12Constituency: Some Additional Tests223
12.1Coordination223
12.2Cleft and Pseudocleft sentences226
12.3The Insertion Test228
12.4The Constituent Response Test229
12.5The Somewhere Else Test229
12.6The Meaning Test232
12.7A case study: the Naked Pizza Eating-construction232
12.8Some caveats regarding the tests236
Key Concepts237
Exercises237
Further Reading240
Chapter 13Predicates and Arguments Revisited241
13.1Establishing argumenthood241
13.1.1Meaning241
13.1.2Dummy elements and idiom chunks244
13.1.3Passivisation245
13.2Two further types of verb + NP + to-infinitive construction: persuade and want246
13.2.1Persuade247
13.2.2Want248
13.2.3Overview250
13.3Conclusion251
Key Concepts252
Exercises252
Further Reading254
Part IVApplication
Chapter 14Case Studies257
14.1Word classes257
14.1.1Adjective or adverb?257
14.1.2Verbs: negated modal auxiliaries258
14.2Noun Phrase structure263
14.2.1A lot of books263
14.2.2A giant of a man267
14.3Verb complementation272
14.3.1Verb + to-infinitive274
14.3.2Verb + NP + to-infinitive constructions: allow277
14.3.3Verb + NP + NP/AP/PP: small clauses282
14.4Concluding remarks284
Key Concepts285
Exercises285
Further Reading286
Glossary287
Reference Works: Dictionaries, Encyclopedias and Grammars300
Bibliography304
Index307

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