English Syntax: From Word to Discourse / Edition 1

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English Syntax: From Word to Discourse is a clear and highly accessible descriptive grammar of English with a strong semantic and discourse/functional focus. Designed for beginning graduate students and advanced undergraduates in linguistics, it is also suitable for use in TESOL/ESL programs and in English departments. The text explains the basics of English syntax while providing students with a comprehensive view of the richness and complexity of the system. Each structure is discussed in terms of its syntactic features, its meaning, and its uses in discourse, and each discussion is extensively illustrated by examples from written texts of all kinds and by excerpts of spoken language. While the presentation has been influenced by a number of theories, the book presumes no theoretical background on the part of the student and the approach is relatively informal. Syntactic structures are graphically illustrated by means of nesting boxes rather than tree diagrams. Historical information illuminates some particularly problematic constructions, and the book is punctuated with intriguing facts about English syntax. All terminology is carefully explained and most terms are defined again in the extensive glossary. Berk anticipates areas where students are likely to have trouble, warns them of pitfalls, and shows them how to avoid common mistakes. English Syntax: From Word to Discourse provides a unique alternative to the formal, generative approach of other texts in the field.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195123531
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 2/11/1999
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 336
  • Product dimensions: 9.10 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Florida International University
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Table of Contents

Preface Acknowledgments
What Does Grammar Mean?
Grammaticality (Acceptability) Judgments Historical Periods Edited English It's All in Your Head
1. Basic Sentence Structure
The Subject Syntax of the Subject Semantic Roles of the Subject Discourse Functions of the Subject The Predicate Transitive Verbs and Direct Objects Semantic Roles of the Direct Object Covert Direct Objects
"Light" Transitive Verbs Degrees of Transitivity Intransitive Verbs Ditransitive Verbs and Indirect Objects Degrees of Ditransitivity Not All Recipients Alternate Discourse Functions of the Indirect Object Benefactives Copulas and Subject Complements Sensory Copulas Stative Copulas Change of State Copulas Copula Be
Restricted Copulas—Stative and Change of State Complex Transitive Verbs and Object Complements Degrees of Complex Transitivity Marked and Unmarked Word Order
2. The Noun Phrase
The Determiner Articles Demonstratives (and Deixis)
Indefinite This
Quantifying Determiners Genitive Determiners Interrogative Determiners Predeterminers and Postdeterminers Genitives Genitive Semantic Types Double Genitives Group Genitive Generic Reference Proper Nouns Non-Count Nouns Categorizing Non-Count Nouns Collective Nouns Pronouns Personal Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns Reciprocal Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns Quantifying Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns Interrogative Pronouns Noun Phrases in Discourse
3. The Verb Phrase
Tense Tense and Meaning Finite and Non-Finite Verbs Aspect Progressive Aspect Perfect Aspect Tense and Aspect in Discourse Passive Voice Transitive Verbs that Don't (Readily) Passivize
Get Passive Passives with No Corresponding Active The Passive in Discourse Word Order and the Passive Primary Auxiliaries and the Lexical Verb Multi-Word Lexical Verbs Movable Particles Unmovable Particles Identifying Multi-Word Verbs Modality Epistemic Modality in General Deontic Modality in General Modal Auxiliaries Semi-Auxiliaries Auxiliaries, Time, and Tense Mood and Modality The Verb Phrase and Scope of Negation Scope of Negation and Auxiliaries The Verb Phrase and Questions Yes/No Questions Information Seeking Questions (Wh Questions)
Tag Questions Multi-Word Auxiliaries as Operators in Questions and Tags Historical Development of the Operator Exclamations Existential There Constructions Narrative Discourse and the Verb Phrase
4. Modification
Modification of the Noun and the Noun Phrase Prenominal Adjectives Predicate Adjectives Postnominal Adjectives and Adjective Phrases Object Complement Adjectives Limiters Gradability Adjectives and Compound Nouns Adjective Order in the Noun Phrase Internal Structure of the Adjective Phrase Adjective Complements Use of the Term Adverb
Adjunct Adverbs Intensifying, Downtoning, and Limiting Adjuncts Locatives (Space Adverbs)
Temporal Adverbs Adverbs of Manner Adverbs of Means Adverbs of Reason/Purpose Adverbs of Result Adverbial Proforms Some Other Adjunct Categories Problems in Categorizing Adjuncts Movability of Adjuncts Adjuncts and the Scope of Negation Stacking and Coordination of Adjuncts Adjective Phrases Revisited Adjunct Forms That Modify Adjectives Adjectives That Function as Adjuncts Disjuncts Attitude Disjuncts Style Disjuncts Point of View Disjuncts Epistemic Disjuncts Conjuncts Sequencing Conjuncts Adding and Reinforcing Conjuncts Resulting Conjuncts Transitional Conjuncts Concessive Conjuncts Some Other Conjuncts Conjuncts in Discourse
5. Clauses: Coordination and Subordination
Clauses Conjoining Conjunction And
Conjunction r Conjunction But
Coordination and Questions Ellipsis and Gapping Embedding Nominal Clauses
That Clauses Infinitive Clauses
ING Clauses Relative Tense in Non-Finite Clauses
Wh Nominal Clauses Clauses as Adjective Complements Postnominal Modification Restrictive Relative Clauses Other Restrictive Postnominal Modifiers Non-Restrictive Relative Clauses Restrictive Appositives Adverbial Clauses Locative Adverbs Temporal Adverbs Adverbs of Manner Adverbs of Means Adverbs of Reason/Purpose and Result Disjuncts and Conjuncts Concessive and Conditional Clauses Notes Glossary References Index Each chapter ends with a "Summing Up" section

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 11, 2005


    i want some thing abuot syntax,especially NP Movement in English and standaed Arabic

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