Enhancing Minority Student Retention and Academic Performance: What We Can Learn from Program Evaluations

Overview

Enhancing Minority Student Retention and AcademicPerformance

Everyone agrees that the problem of poor retention andgraduation rates are of increasing concern for all colleges anduniversities. At the heart of the matter is how to improve academicperformance and encourage student success, especially for thosestudents who historically have been underserved.

In Enhancing Minority Student Retention and AcademicPerformance, retention expert ...

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Enhancing Minority Student Retention and Academic Performance: What We Can Learn from Program Evaluations

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Overview

Enhancing Minority Student Retention and AcademicPerformance

Everyone agrees that the problem of poor retention andgraduation rates are of increasing concern for all colleges anduniversities. At the heart of the matter is how to improve academicperformance and encourage student success, especially for thosestudents who historically have been underserved.

In Enhancing Minority Student Retention and AcademicPerformance, retention expert Jacqueline Fleming investigates whatreally works in promoting retention and increasing academicperformance among minority students, and offers a clear picture ofthe common factors which lead to these outcomes, including the roleinstitutional characteristics play. The book compiles and reviewsfifteen program evaluations she conducted for institutions ofhigher education over the last two decades. She shows that datagathered from program evaluations provide an underutilized butinvaluable view into a program's effectiveness.

The illustrative studies presented here are exceptional in thatthey challenge the preevaluation impressions held by stakeholders,provide unexpected insight, and suggest new areas for follow-upresearch.

Some of the conclusions from the evaluations include betterschool performance is associated with controllable managerialfactors such as behaviors and attitudes; covert discriminationundermines the development of academic talent; students who receiveadequate financial support achieve impressive heights of academicperformance and research involvement; and learning communities canproduce remarkable retention rates among the least academicallyprepared students. In addition, Fleming includes a list of possibleprogram components that can enhance minority student performancesingly or in combination.

Enhancing Minority Student Retention and Academic Performancesupports the argument that an effective academic support program isan essential retention tool, and institutions with a strategicseries of such programs can expect improved retention rates.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780787957131
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 4/24/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 400
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Jacqueline Fleming is an internationally known psychologist, scholar, and researcher in the area of minority student retention and achievement. She has served in a number of positions at historically black Texas Southern University in Houston, Texas, including visiting associate professor of psychology, associate professor of education, learning specialist, retention officer, associate director of Student Success Services, and director of the General University Academic Center. She is the award-winning author of Blacks in College, from Jossey-Bass.

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Table of Contents

Preface ix

About the Author xiii

1 Overview 1

PART ONE: SETTING THE STAGE: AS THEY ENTER HIGHER EDUCATION15

2 Success Factors in the Academic Performance of Inner-CityYouth: Project Forward Leap 17

3 How Perceptions of Racial Climate Affect Academic Adjustmentand Learning 34

PART TWO: PROGRAMS IN MATH, SCIENCE, AND ENGINEERING49

4 What Successful Students in Science Know About Learning:Gateway to Higher Education 51

5 Problem Solving, Critical Thinking, and Academic Performance:Summer Bridge for Entering Minority Engineering Students atCalifornia State University at Northridge 62

6 Retaining Students in Engineering at the City College of NewYork: How a Successful Program Works 74

7 Enhancing Learning in Science Programs at the City College ofNew York 86

8 Preparing Minority Students to Compete at the Cutting Edge:The CCNY CREST Center 102

9 Who Will Do Math, Science, Engineering, and Technology'Academic Achievement Among Minority Students in SeventeenInstitutions 120
With Dawn R. Person

10 Doubling the Number of Minority Students in Science,Engineering, and Math: The Xavier University of Louisiana Alliancefor Minority Participation 135
With Carole Morning

PART THREE: PROGRAMS AT MINORITY-SERVING UNIVERSITIES155

11 The 4th Hour Algebra Project: University of Texas, PanAmerican 157
With J. Rene Torres

12 Why Good Students Drop Out: Retention and Performance ofHonors Students at Texas Southern University 170

13 When Underprepared Students Stay in College: The Fast TrackProgram at Texas Southern University 184

14 Problem-Solving Instruction: How Much Is Enough to IncreaseVerbal and Analytical Skills in Minority Students? 201

15 Does Multicultural Content Make a Difference in the ReadingComprehension Performance of African American Students? ProjectGRAD at Texas Southern University 219

16 Multicultural Content and the Mathematics Performance ofAfrican American Students at Texas Southern University 233
With Jason Guo

PART FOUR: CONCLUSION 245

17 Enhancing the Performance of Minorities: Lessons from ProgramEvaluation 247

APPENDICES

2 Project Forward Leap—Methodological Details 281

3 The Racial Climate at Eastern University—InterviewQuestions 285

4 Gateway to Higher Education—Methodological Details287

5 Summer Bridge for Entering Minority Engineering Students atCalifornia State University at Northridge—MethodologicalDetails 292

6 Retaining Students in Engineering at the City College of NewYork—Methodological Details 295

7 Science Programs at the City College of NewYork—Methodological Details 300

8 The CCNY CREST Center—Methodological Details 305

9 Who Will Do Math, Science, Engineering, andTechnology?—Methodological Details 307

10 The Xavier University of Louisiana Alliance for MinorityParticipation—Methodological Details 311

11 The 4th Hour Algebra Project—Methodological Details313

12 Retention and Performance of Honors Students at TexasSouthern University—Methodological Details 316

13 The Fast Track Program at Texas SouthernUniversity—Methodological Details 319

14 Problem-Solving Instruction—Methodological Details323

15 Does Multicultural Content Make a Difference in the ReadingComprehension Performance of African AmericanStudents?—Methodological Details 329

16 Multicultural Content and the Mathematics Performance ofAfrican American Students at Texas SouthernUniversity—Methodological Details 333

References 339

Subject Index 371

Name Index 377

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