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The new organizational paradigms of global cooperation and collaboration require new ways and means for their support. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can and will play a significant role in this support. However, the many currently available and seemingly conflicting solutions, the confusing terminology, the lack of business justification, and last but not least the insufficient understanding of the technology by the end user community has significantly hampered the large scale application of the relevant ICT support and thereby the acceptance of the new paradigms.
Many of these issues have been addressed in the workshops of the international initiative on Enterprise Inter- and Intra-Organizational Integration, which has been supported by the European IST Programme and NIST. The main subjects of the initiative: relations between knowledge management and business process modeling, interoperability of business processes and process models, enterprise engineering and integration, and representation of process models. Ontologies and agent technologies - the latter with their relations to ontologies and models - have been further subjects of discussions in several workshops.
Results of the initiative are reported in this volume, which comprises the proceedings of the International Conference on Enterprise Integration and Modeling Technology (ICEIMT'02). The conference was sponsored by the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) and held in Valencia, Spain in April 2002.
Enterprise Inter- and Intra-Organizational Integration: Building International Consensus provides not only a wealth of information on the state of the art of the subjects of the initiative, it also identifies opportunities for research and development. Potential projects are identified in the work group reports and some of those will be taken up by organizations involved.
Committees of the EI3-IC. Acknowledgements. Foreword - The European Commission. Foreword - The US National Institute of Standards and Technology. Preface.
Part 1: Overview and Results. EI3-IC Overview; K. Kosanke. ICEIMT: History and Challenges; H.T. Goranson. Accomplishments of the ICEIMT'02; J.G. Nell, H.T. Goranson. Enterprise Modelling and Integration; F.B Vernadat.
Part 2: Knowledge Management in Inter- and Intra-Organisational Environments. A Merged Future for Knowledge Management and Enterprise Modeling; H.T. Goranson, et al. Anchoring Knowledge in Business-Process Models to support Interoperability of Virtual Organizations; P. Heisig, et al. Managing Processes and Knowledge in Inter-Organisational Environments; D. Chen, et al. Ontologies and their Role in Knowledge Management and E-Business Modelling; H. Akkermans. Semantic Bridging of Independent Enterprise Ontologies; M.N. Huhns, L.M. Stephens. Active Knowledge Models and Enterprise Knowledge Management; F. Lillehagen, J. Krogstie. Synthesising an Industrial Strength Enterprise Ontology; C. Partridge, M. Stefanova.
Part 3: Enterprise Inter- and Intra-Organisational Engineering and Integration. Agents and Advanced Virtual Enterprises: Needs and an Approach; H.T. Goranson, et al. Virtual Enterprise Planning Methods and Concepts; R.H. Weston, et al. Quality of Virtual Enterprise Reference Models; P. Bernus. The Business Process (Quiet) Revolution; M.H. Levi. Enterprise Architecture and Systems Engineering; P. Webb. Proposal of a Reference Framework for Manufacturing Systems Engineering; G. von Cieminski, et al. The Users View of Enterprise Integration and the Enterprise Process Architecture; J.C. Mendez Barreiro. Matching Teams to Business Processes; N. Byer, R.H. Weston. Analysis of Perceptions of Personnel at Organisational Levels on the Integration of Product, Functional and Process Orientations; R.S. Aguilar-Savén. Challenges to Multi-Enterprise Integration; W.J. Tolone, et al. Practices in Knowledge Management in Small and Medium Firms; R. Poler Escoto, et al. Component-Based Automotive Production Systems; R.H. Weston, et al. The MISSION Project; M. Rabe, F.-W. Jaekel.
Part 4: Interoperability of Business Process and Enterprise Models. System Requirements: Products, Processes and Models; J.G. Nell, et al. Ontologies as a New Cost Factor in Enterprise Integration; H.T. Goranson, et al. From Integration To Collaborative Business; M. Payne. Enterprise Interoperability: A Standardisation View; D. Chen, F.B. Vernadat. Interoperability of Standards to Support Application Integration; E. de la Hostria. MultiView Program Status: Data Standards for the Integrated Digital Environment; R.L. Engwall, J.W. Reber. Workflow Quality of Service; J. Cardoso, et al. Improving PDM Systems Integration Using Software Agents; Yinsheng Li, et al. Ontologies for Semantically Interoperable Electronic Commerce; L. Obrst, et al.
Part 5: Common Representation of Enterprise Models. Steps in Enterprise Modelling; I.L. Kotsiopoulos, et al. New Support Technologies for Enterprise Integration; H.T. Goranson, et al. Some Methodological Clues for Defining a Unified Enterprise Modelling Language; M. Petit. Common Representation through UEML - Requirements and Approach; R. Jochem. UML Semantics Representation of Enterprise Modelling Constructs; H. Panetto. Language Semantics; I.L. Kotsiopoulos. Modeling of Distributed Business Processes; H. Grabowski, T. Engel. Needs and Characteristics of Methodologies for Enterprise Integration; M. Hawa, et al. Argumentation for Explicit Representation of Control within Enterprise Modelling and Integration; B. Vallespir, et al.