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Environment and Society: A Critical Introduction is an overview of the diverse conceptual tools and traditions for thinking about, explaining and addressing the environmental challenges we face in the contemporary world.
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List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Text Boxes
1. Introduction: The View from Clifton Bridge
What Is This Book?
Part I: Approaches and Perspectives:
2. Population and Scarcity
A Crowded Desert City
The Problem of "Geometric" Growth
Population, Development, and Environment Impact
The Other Side of the Coin: Population and Innovation
Limits to Population: An Effect Rather than a Cause?
Thinking with Population
3. Markets and Commodities
Managing Environmental Bads: The Coase Theorem
Market-Based Solutions to Environmental Problems
Beyond Market Failure: Gaps between Nature and Economy
Thinking with Markets
4. Institutions and "The Commons"
The Prisoner’s Dilemma
The Tragedy of the Commons
The Evidence and Logic of Collective Action
Crafting Sustainable Environmental Institutions
Are All Commoners Equal? Does Scale Matter?
Thinking with Institutions
5. Environmental Ethics
The Price of Cheap Meat
Improving Nature: From Biblical Tradition to John Locke
Gifford Pinchot vs. John Muir in Yosemite, California
Aldo Leopold and "The Land Ethic"
Liberation for Animals!
Holism, Scientism, and Pragmatism? Oh My!
Thinking with Ethics
6. Risks and Hazards
The Great Flood of 1993
Environments as Hazard
The Problem of Risk Perception
Risk as Culture
Beyond Risk: The Political Economy of Hazards
Thinking with Hazards and Risk
7. Political Economy
The Strange Logic of "Under-pollution"
Labor, Accumulation, and Crisis
Production of Nature
Global Capitalism and the Ecology of Uneven Development
Social Reproduction and Nature
Environments and Economism
Thinking with Political Economy
8. Social Construction of Nature
Welcome to the Jungle
So You Say It’s "Natural"?
The Limits of Constructivism: Science, Relativism, and the Very Material World
Thinking with Construction
Part II: Objects of Concern:
9. Carbon Dioxide
Stuck in Pittsburgh Traffic
A Short History of CO2
Institutions: Climate Free-Riders and Carbon Cooperation
Markets: Trading More Gases, Buying Less Carbon
Political Economy: Who Killed the Atmosphere?
The Carbon Puzzle
Chained to a Tree in Berkeley California
A Short History of Trees
Population and Markets: The Forest Transition Theory
Political Economy: Accumulation and Deforestation
Ethics, Justice, and Equity: Should Trees Have Standing?
The Tree Puzzle
January 12, 1995, Yellowstone National Park
A Short History of Wolves
Ethics: Rewilding the Northeast
Institutions: Stakeholder Management
Social Construction: Of Wolves and
The Wolf Puzzle
A Short History of Tuna
Markets and Commodities: Eco-Labels to the Rescue?
Political Economy: Re-regulating Fishery Economies
Ethics and Ecocentrism: The Social Construction of Charismatic Species
The Tuna Puzzle
13. Bottled Water
A Tale of Two Bottles
A Short History of Bottled Water
Population: Bottling for Scarcity?
Risk: Health and Safety in a Bottle?
Political Economy: Manufacturing Demand on an Enclosed Commons
The Bottled Water Puzzle
14. French Fries
A Short History of the Fry
Risk Analysis: Eating What We Choose and Choosing What We Eat
Political Economy: Eat Fries or Else!
Ethics: Protecting or Engineering Potato Heritage?
The French Fry Puzzle