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Environmental Engineering: Designing a Sustainable Future

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Overview

Green Technology is an eight-volume set that examines the relationship between human activities and their sometimes harmful consequences for the environment and explores new methods of repairing and restoring the Earth. Approaching environmental issues confronting society from a technological perspective has spawned significant controversy, and the books in this set present all sides of the debate. Designed to complement science curricula, the set also covers relevant history and new green technologies and innovations that will contribute to the field in the future.

Environmental Engineering: Designing a Sustainable Future examines how this field, which incorporates not only aspects of art and design but also physics, geology, ecology, and the chemistry of matter, evolved from a discipline of civil engineering. Environmental engineers learn how to work with nature to improve and control the quality of the land, air, and water for the benefit of human and nonhuman cohabitation. Sidebars, figures, and case studies enhance fundamental concepts and examine urgent issues related to the "natural future" of the environment.

The volume includes information on

aerodynamics

ecological and energy "architecture"

energy-efficient electronics

innovations in personal vehicles

landscape design

microclimates

solar homes

sustainable manufacturing

transit systems

wastewater

The book contains 50 color photographs and line illustrations, five appendixes, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. Green Technology is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who seek information on the important issues that affect theenvironment worldwide.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816072002
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 11/1/2009
  • Series: Green Technology Series
  • Pages: 232
  • Age range: 14 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction xiii

1 New Directions in Civil Engineering 1

History of Environmental Engineering 3

Balancing Resources and Wastes 8

Ecological Design 9

Case Study: How Do Prairie Dog Tunnels Work? 16

Zero Energy Architecture 18

Biomimicry 20

Techniques Used in Engineering and Design 26

Abalone Shell-Designed for Strength 27

Conclusion 29

2 Designing Transit Systems 31

Transport: Current Status and Future Needs 33

Urban Transportation Systems 35

Personal Vehicles 40

Fuel Efficiency 42

Pedestrians and Parking 44

Commuter Rails and Buses 46

Can Bicycles Make a Difference? 47

Air Travel 52

Roads 54

Freight Transport 57

Case Study: The World's Growing Car Culture 58

Clean Ships 60

Alternatives to Travel 63

Conclusion 65

3 Innovations in Personal Vehicles 67

New Vehicles Emerge 68

Drag and Energy Loss 73

The Automobile Industry 74

Efficient Vehicle Design 75

Aerodynamics 76

Power 77

Vehicle Surface Technology 78

Case Study: U.S. Interstate Highways' Effects on the Environment 79

Conclusion 82

4 Sustainable Manufacturing 84

Today's Manufacturing Plants 85

Wastes and Emissions 89

Heat Energy 94

Pollution Control in Manufacturing 95

Zero Discharge Manufacturing 97

Case Study: The Energy Cost of Making a Car 101

Sustainability and Business 102

Conclusion 104

5 Energy-Efficient Electronics 106

Energy Efficiency through the Years 107

Solar Homes 108

Smart Appliances 115

Lighting 117

Case Study: Learning from Electric Eels 118

Home Energy and Heat Storage 121

Light 122

Sensors and Feedback 124

The Btu and the Kilowatt 126

Energy fromNanotechnology 127

Conclusion 130

6 Ecological Landscape Design 132

Traditional Landscape Design 133

Landscaping with Nature 135

Frank Lloyd Wright 138

Ecological Architecture 141

Plants and Trees 142

Soil, Water, and Lawns 144

Biodiversity Gardens 145

Rainwater Harvesting 149

Microclimates 149

Walkways and Driveways 152

Case Study: America's Scenic Byways 154

Landscape Design Skills 154

Conclusion 156

7 Sustainable Wastewater Treatment 158

The Energy-Water Connection 159

Wastewater in Developing Countries 161

Case Study: Kufunda Learning Village, Zimbabwe 164

Anaerobic Digesters 165

Gray Water Reuse 167

Methane-Cow Power 168

Ecological Wastewater Treatment 170

Carbon Adsorption 173

Energy from Wastewater 174

Conclusion 177

8 Future Needs 178

Appendixes 180

Glossary 188

Further Resources 194

Index 204

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