Environmental Ethics: An Introduction to Environmental Philosophy / Edition 2by Joseph R. Des Jardins
Pub. Date: 09/28/1996
The text serves as an introduction to ethical theory as it applies to environmental issues and as a casebook on contemporary problems of science, industry, and individual decision-making. It provides a readable, yet philosophically careful survey of the field of environmental ethics. It is comprehensive, covering topics from the relevance of Aristotle's ethics for environmental issues to Deep Ecology and Ecofeminism.
Table of ContentsPART I: BASIC CONCEPTS. 1. SCIENCE, ETHICS, AND THE ENVIRONMENT. Discussion: Technological Solutions and Environmental Problems. Introduction: Why Philosophy? Science and Ethics. What is Environmental Ethics? 2. ETHICAL THEORY AND THE ENVIRONMENT. Discussion: Individual Rights and Social Goods. Introduction. Why Ethical Theory? Ethical Relativism. Natural Law-The Tradition of Teleology. The Utilitarian Tradition. Deontology: An Ethics of Duty and Rights. Social Justice and Property Rights. PART II: ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS AS APPLIED ETHICS. 3.ETHICS AND ECONOMICS: THE CASES OF FORESTS AND POLLUTION. Discussion: Development Versus Preservation. Introduction. Forests: Conservation or Preservation? Managing the National Forests. Pollution and Economics. Ethical Issues in Economic Analysis. Cost-Benefit Analysis. Ethical Analysis and Environmental Economics. Sustainable Economics. 4. RESPONSIBILITIES TO FUTURE GENERATIONS: POPULATION AND CONSUMPTION. Discussion: Population and Consumption. Introduction. Population, Consumption, and Ethics. Do We Have Responsibilities to Future Generations? Responsibilities to the Future: Utilitarian Happiness. Responsibilities to the Future: The Rights of Future People. Responsiblities to the Future: Caring for the Future. Do We Consume Too Much? Conclusion Sustainable Living Now and in the Future. 5. RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE NATURAL WORLD: FROM ANTHROPOCENTRIC ETHICS. Discussion: Mass Extinctions. Introduction. Moral Standing in the Western Tradition. Early Environmental Ethics: Passmore and Blackstone. Moral Standing: The Recent Debate. Do Trees Have Standing? 6 RESPONSIBILITIES TO THENATURAL WORLD: THE CASE FOR ANIMALS. Discussion: Animal Research and Factory Farming. Introduction. Peter Singer and the Animal Liberation Movement. Tom Regan and Animal Rights. Ethical Implications of Animal Welfare. Criticisms. PART III. THEORIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS. 7. BIOCENTRIC ETHICS AND THE INHERENT VALUE OF LIFE. Discussion: Biodiversity. Introduction. Instrumental Value and Intrinsic Value. Biocentric Ethics and the Reverence for Life. Ethics and Character. Taylor's Biocentric Ethics. Practical Implications. Challenges and Developments. 8. ECOLOGY, WILDERNESS, AND ETHICS. Discussion: Fires and Wilderness Management: The Cases of Yellowsone and the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. Introduction. The Wilderness Ideal. The Wilderness "Myth": The Contemporary Debate. From Ecology to Philosophy. From Ecology to Ethics. Varieties of Holism. 9. THE LAND ETHIC. Discussion: A Place for Predators. Introduction. The Land Ethic. Leopold's Holism. Criticisms of the Land Ethic: Facts and Values. Criticisms of the Land Ethic: Holistic Ethics. Callicott's Revisions. 10. DEEP ECOLOGY. Introduction. The Deep Ecology Platform. Ecology and Ecophilosophy. Metaphysical Ecology. From Metaphysics to Ethics. Self-Realization and Biocentric Equality. Criticisms. 11. SOCIAL ECOLOGY AND ECOFEMINISM. Discussion: The World Bank Memo and the Chipko Movement. Introduction. Theories of Social Justice. Environmental Justice and Environmental Racism. Murray Bookshin's Social Ecology. Critical Reflections. Ecofeminism: Making Connections. Ecofeminism: Recent Developments. EPILOGUE: PLURALISM AND PRAGMATISM. INDEX.
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