Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application / Edition 5

Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application / Edition 5

by Louis P. Pojman, Paul Pojman
     
 

ISBN-10: 0495095036

ISBN-13: 9780495095033

Pub. Date: 03/27/2007

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Organized into two main parts, the first on theory and the second on applications, the third edition of this popular anthology provides the most comprehensive set of readings available for environmental ethics and includes topic areas not covered in other anthologies. The text follows a dialogic pro-con format to present different and conflicting views on each topic

Overview

Organized into two main parts, the first on theory and the second on applications, the third edition of this popular anthology provides the most comprehensive set of readings available for environmental ethics and includes topic areas not covered in other anthologies. The text follows a dialogic pro-con format to present different and conflicting views on each topic. Articles have been carefully selected for clarity and accessibility.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780495095033
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
03/27/2007
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
784
Product dimensions:
7.40(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacevii
Introduction
On Ethics and Environmental Concerns1
What Is Ethics?3
Part 1Theory5
Chapter 1Western Philosophy of Nature: The Roots of Our Ecological Situation10
1Genesis 1-311
2The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis13
3The Cultural Basis of Our Environmental Crisis19
4The Judeo-Christian Stewardship Attitude to Nature24
Chapter 2Animal Rights29
5Rational Beings Alone Have Moral Worth31
6A Utilitarian Defense of Animal Liberation33
7The Radical Egalitarian Case for Animal Rights40
8A Critique of Regan's Animal Rights Theory46
9Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair51
10What Animal Liberation Is and Isn't About62
11Against Zoos69
Chapter 3Does Nature Have Intrinsic Value? Biocentric and Ecocentric Ethics and Deep Ecology75
Does Nature Have Intrinsic Value?76
12Naturalizing Values: Organisms and Species76
13Comments of Holmes Rolston's "Naturalizing Values"86
14Nature89
Biocentric Ethics95
15Reverence for Life95
16Biocentric Egalitarianism100
17On Being Morally Considerable112
Ecocentric Ethics119
18Ecocentrism: The Land Ethic119
19The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic126
20Refocusing Ecocentrism: De-emphasizing Stability and Defending Wildness136
Deep Ecology147
21The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecological Movement147
22Ecosophy T: Deep Versus Shallow Ecology150
23Deep Ecology157
24A Critique of Anti-Anthropocentric Ethics162
25Social Ecology Versus Deep Ecology168
26Ecological Sensibility176
27Environmental Justice: Reconciling Anthropocentric and Nonanthropocentric Ethics179
Chapter 4Ecofeminism and Deep Ecology189
28The Power and the Promise of Ecological Feminism189
29A Critique of Ecofeminism199
Chapter 5Preservation of the Species, Nature, and Natural Objects205
30Biodiversity: The Key to Saving Life on Earth206
31Why Do Species Matter?208
32The Golden Rule--A Proper Scale for Our Environmental Crisis214
33What's Wrong with Plastic Trees?218
34Faking Nature229
35The Call of the Wild: The Struggle Against Domination and the Technological Fix of Nature235
36Should Trees Have Standing? Toward Legal Rights for Natural Objects240
Chapter 6Non-Western Perspectives on Environmental Ethics249
37Satyagraha for Conservation: Awakening the Spirit of Hinduism250
38The Buddhist Attitude Towards Nature256
39Islamic Environmental Ethics, Law, and Society260
40An African Perspective on the Environmental Crisis265
41Radical Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique271
Chapter 7Obligations to Future Generations278
42Who Cares for Posterity?278
43Limited Obligations to Future Generations284
44Energy Policy and the Further Future: The Identity Problem289
Part 2Practice297
Introduction298
Chapter 8Population: General Considerations299
45A Special Moment in History: The Challenge of Overpopulation and Overconsumption302
46The Tragedy of the Commons311
47The Central Immigration Issue: How Many Americans?318
48The Unjust War Against Population331
49China's Baby Budget341
50Licensing Parents348
Chapter 9Population and World Hunger355
51Lifeboat Ethics356
52Population and Food: A Critique of Lifeboat Ethics363
53Famine, Affluence, and Morality367
54Vegetarianism and "the Other Weight Problem"373
55The World Food Supply: The Damage Done by Cattle-Raising380
Chapter 10Pollution: General Considerations384
56You Are What You Breathe386
57We All Live in Bhopal391
58Against the Doomsdayers!395
59People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution404
Chapter 11Pesticides408
60Silent Spring409
61The Blessings of Pesticides413
62Environmental Hysteria: The Alar Scare417
63Is Silent Spring Behind Us?426
Chapter 12Atmospheric Conditions: The Greenhouse Effect and the Ozone Layer431
64The Heat Is On: The Greenhouse Effect432
65The Greenhouse Effect: Hype and Hysteria439
Chapter 13Economics, Ethics, and the Environment447
66Of the Stationary State452
67Sustainable Development: Economic Myths and Ecological Realities455
68Consumption: The Economics of Value Added and the Ethics of Value Distributed461
69At the Shrine of Our Lady of Fatima, or Why Political Questions Are Not All Economic467
70A Defense of Risk-Cost-Benefit Analysis474
71Neoclassical Economics and Principles of Sustainable Development482
Chapter 14Ecology and Global Justice489
72The Rio Declaration (1992)489
73Just Garbage492
74Deceiving the Third World: The Myth of Catching-up Development499
Chapter 15From Dysfunctional to Sustainable Society505
75Dysfunctional Civilization506
76Environmental Risks, Rights, and the Failure of Liberal Democracy515
77Environmental Ethics and Democracy: A Response to Westra528
78An Ecological Critique of Global Advertising533
79Pedaling Power: Sustainable Transportation539
80Strategic Monkeywrenching542
81Vision of a Sustainable World545

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