Environmental Evolution: Effects of the Origin and Evolution of Life on Planet Earth / Edition 2

Environmental Evolution: Effects of the Origin and Evolution of Life on Planet Earth / Edition 2

by Lynn Margulis
     
 

In this book fifteen distinguished scientists discuss the effects of life—past and present—on planet Earth. Unlike other earth science and biology books, Environmental Evolution describes the impact of life on the Earth's rocky surfaces presenting an integrated view of how our planet evolved. Modeled on the Environmental Evolution course developed by Lynn

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Overview

In this book fifteen distinguished scientists discuss the effects of life—past and present—on planet Earth. Unlike other earth science and biology books, Environmental Evolution describes the impact of life on the Earth's rocky surfaces presenting an integrated view of how our planet evolved. Modeled on the Environmental Evolution course developed by Lynn Margulis and colleagues, it provides a unique synthesis of atmospheric, biological, and geological hypotheses that explain the present condition of the biosphere. The book develops scientific concepts essential to the reconstruction of the intertwined history of Earth's air,rocks, water, and life.After an introduction by James E. Lovelock on Gaia theory,the material proceeds in roughly chronological order from the origin of life in the early Archean Eon to the emergence of new environmental diseases in today's industrialized world. The second edition has been thoroughly revised, with more comprehensive chapters, additional illustrations, and new references.Contributors : Elso S. Barghoorn, Robert Buchsbaum, David Deamer, Stjepko Golubic, Jonathan King,Antonio Lazcano, James E. Lovelock, Lynn Margulis, Clifford Matthews, Michael McElroy, Mark McMenamin, Raymond Siever, Paul Strother, Tony Swain, Neil Todd.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262631976
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
06/12/2000
Edition description:
second edition
Pages:
356
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
1Comparison of Planetary Atmospheres: Mars, Venus, and Earth1
2Cosmochemical Evolution and the Origins of Life17
3Origin of Life: Polymers before Monomers?29
4Origins of Membrane Structure41
5Origins of Life: The Historical Development of Recent Theories57
6The Antiquity of Life71
7Evidence of Earliest Life87
8Microbial Mats of Abu Dhabi103
9Stromatolites of Shark Bay131
10Symbiosis Theory: Cells as Microbial Communities149
11Spirochetes and the Origin of Undulipodia173
12Life in the Late Proterozoic201
13Continental Drift and Plate Tectonics215
14Chemical Signals from Plants and Phanerozoic Evolution245
Questions and Answers
15Mammalian Evolution: Karyotypic Fission Theory275
16The Gaia Hypothesis295
Gaia: What's New?316
Appendix A: Teaching Strategy323
Sample Schedule and Minimal Assignments
Time Assignment
Space Assignment
Worksheets
Field Trips
Suggestions to Students Preparing Class Presentations
The Interactive Lecture Program
Appendix B: Five-Kingdom Classification Scheme345
Appendix C: Background Reading353
Appendix D: Geological Time361
Appendix E: Modes of Nutrition363
Glossary365
Credits385
Addresses of Contributors389
Index391

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