Environmental Evolution: Effects of the Origin and Evolution of Life on Planet Earth / Edition 2

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In this book fifteen distinguished scientists discuss the effects of life—past and present—on planet Earth. Unlike other earth science and biology books, Environmental Evolution describes the impact of life on the Earth's rocky surfaces presenting an integrated view of how our planet evolved. Modeled on the Environmental Evolution course developed by Lynn Margulis and colleagues, it provides a unique synthesis of atmospheric, biological, and geological hypotheses that explain the present condition of the biosphere. The book develops scientific concepts essential to the reconstruction of the intertwined history of Earth's air,rocks, water, and life.After an introduction by James E. Lovelock on Gaia theory,the material proceeds in roughly chronological order from the origin of life in the early Archean Eon to the emergence of new environmental diseases in today's industrialized world. The second edition has been thoroughly revised, with more comprehensive chapters, additional illustrations, and new references.Contributors : Elso S. Barghoorn, Robert Buchsbaum, David Deamer, Stjepko Golubic, Jonathan King,Antonio Lazcano, James E. Lovelock, Lynn Margulis, Clifford Matthews, Michael McElroy, Mark McMenamin, Raymond Siever, Paul Strother, Tony Swain, Neil Todd.

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Editorial Reviews

Developed out of a one-semester course for seniors and graduate students at Boston University, this collection of 16 essays presents the history of the environment from prebiotic times to the present, focusing on how the origin and the evolution of life have affected the surface of the earth and answering the need for an interdisciplinary overview. An appendix offers strategies for teaching, sample syllabi, and suggestions for assignments and class presentations. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262631976
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 6/12/2000
  • Edition description: second edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 356
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Lynn Margulis, Distinguished Professor of Botany at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, is the modern originator of the symbiotic theory of cell evolution. Once considered heresy, her ideas are now part of the microbiological revolution.

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Table of Contents

1 Comparison of Planetary Atmospheres: Mars, Venus, and Earth 1
2 Cosmochemical Evolution and the Origins of Life 17
3 Origin of Life: Polymers before Monomers? 29
4 Origins of Membrane Structure 41
5 Origins of Life: The Historical Development of Recent Theories 57
6 The Antiquity of Life 71
7 Evidence of Earliest Life 87
8 Microbial Mats of Abu Dhabi 103
9 Stromatolites of Shark Bay 131
10 Symbiosis Theory: Cells as Microbial Communities 149
11 Spirochetes and the Origin of Undulipodia 173
12 Life in the Late Proterozoic 201
13 Continental Drift and Plate Tectonics 215
14 Chemical Signals from Plants and Phanerozoic Evolution 245
Questions and Answers
15 Mammalian Evolution: Karyotypic Fission Theory 275
16 The Gaia Hypothesis 295
Gaia: What's New? 316
Appendix A: Teaching Strategy 323
Sample Schedule and Minimal Assignments
Time Assignment
Space Assignment
Field Trips
Suggestions to Students Preparing Class Presentations
The Interactive Lecture Program
Appendix B: Five-Kingdom Classification Scheme 345
Appendix C: Background Reading 353
Appendix D: Geological Time 361
Appendix E: Modes of Nutrition 363
Glossary 365
Credits 385
Addresses of Contributors 389
Index 391
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