Environmental Health Science: Recognition, Evaluation, and Control of Chemical and Physical Health Hazards / Edition 1

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Overview

This is a broad, in-depth introduction to a scientific field that is becoming ever more central to human health. Environmental exposures to a bewildering array of chemical and physical agents result from our individual and collective activities, and can cause effects ranging from discomfort through loss of function, illness, chronic diseases, and premature death. Their concomitant effects on quality of life, productivity, and need for clinical services can be costly. The book covers the terminology used in environmental health; the sources of chemical and physical agents in the environment; how they disperse and transform throughout the environment; their effects on environmental quality and human health; how levels and exposures are quantified; how standards are established; how levels, exposures, and risks can be controlled; and what technological opportunities and trends are likely to influence our environmental future. It includes chapters on noise, ionizing radiation, non-ionizing radiation, risk assessment, and risk management. Written in a clear and systematic way, this text will be an invaluable resource for students of environmental health.

An earlier version of the book, Chemical Contamination in the Human Environment (OUP 1979), was called by one teacher "visionary...easily the most useful textbook in environmental health science for entry-level graduate students."

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: J. Thomas Pierce, MBBS PhD(Navy Environmental Health Center)
Description: "This book covers the terminology used in environmental health; the sources of chemical and physical agents in the environment; how they disperse and transform throughout the environment; their effects on environmental quality and human health; how levels and exposures are quantified; how standards are established; how levels, exposures, and risks can be controlled; and what technological opportunities and trends are likely to influence our environmental future. This book is a broad, in-depth introduction to a scientific field that is becoming more central to human health. It succeeds an earlier edition with a slightly different title (1979). "
Purpose: The authors' major objectives include providing the reader with a technical background needed to intelligently evaluate the scientific issues. Their book is intended to allow readers to develop informed judgments regarding a broad array of environmental contamination issues.
Audience: The audience is clearly identified as graduate students in environmental health sciences. This is an appropriate book for this level and will likely find its way into more and less experienced practitioners' hands. The qualifications of the authors are largely unmatched in similar books; they are recognized experts, particularly in air pollution.
Features: The authors freely acknowledge multiple topics of interest for a book concerned with environmental health science. They apply their group's advanced knowledge of air pollution hazards to air, water, soil, and solid waste matrices. The book is subtitled "Recognition, Evaluation and Control of Chemical and Physical Health Hazards" which indicates their conceptual basis as borrowed from industrial hygiene. While some would argue for different priorities, I believe the capstone chapters on risk assessment and management have effectively integrated important topics and matrices. Each chapter contains 10-20 pertinent references, while the supplementary bibliography includes one or two major references for broad subject headings such as aerosol technology or toxicology. The index is more than adequate.
Assessment: Given its 500 pages, this book probably covers as much of environmental health science as is reasonable. It will find its place among more extensive treatises as well as less scholarly references. The authors have remained true to their preface credo of "avoiding the tendency to present attractive hypotheses or assumptions as proven facts." They have also avoided the deadly dullness of supporting regulations without unnecessarily over-simplifying matters. I found a sense of professional renewal in the environmental health discipline while perusing the 15 chapters.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195083743
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 8/28/2003
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 560
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 6.20 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

New York University

NYU-EPA Pm Center, New York School of Medicine

Pace University

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Table of Contents

Abbreviations
1 Introduction 1
2 Characterizations of Contaminants, Environments, and Human Health 16
3 Sources of Contaminants 53
4 Dispersion of Contaminants 93
5 Fate of Environemental Chemicals: Translocation, Transformations, and Sinks 123
6 Effects of Chemical Contaminants on Human Health 146
7 Anthropogenic Impacts on Environmental Quality: Their Influence on Human Health and Welfare 181
8 Human Exposure Assessment 220
9 Environmental Noise 287
10 Nonionizing Electromagnetic Radiation 310
11 Ionizing Radiation and Environmental Radioactivity 331
12 Contamination Criteria and Exposure Limits: Guidelines and Standards 360
13 Risk Assessment 396
14 Risk Management 421
15 Our Environmental Future 486
Supplementary Bibliography 529
Index 533
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