Environmental Impacts of Globalization and Trade: A Systems Study

Environmental Impacts of Globalization and Trade: A Systems Study

by Corey L. Lofdahl
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262122456

ISBN-13: 9780262122450

Pub. Date: 03/21/2002

Publisher: MIT Press

The relationship between trade and the environment has become an increasingly contentious issue between economists and environmentalists. Economists maintain that trade helps the natural environment because rich countries can better afford to protect their unspoiled areas. Environmentalists counter that the pursuit of national wealth drives global environmental

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Overview

The relationship between trade and the environment has become an increasingly contentious issue between economists and environmentalists. Economists maintain that trade helps the natural environment because rich countries can better afford to protect their unspoiled areas. Environmentalists counter that the pursuit of national wealth drives global environmental degradation and that free trade accelerates the process.Instead of arguing one side or the other, this book uses new analytic methods, including a systems dynamics model, to seek an answer to the impasse. Using lateral pressure theory to account for politics within and among nations, it extends the theory's initial application (which was to explain the onset of war) to the environment by specifying additional connections between the natural and social spheres. In making explicit the complex causal connections between world trade and environmental degradation, the book finds that GNP increases in the rich,
developed countries are linked to deforestation in the poorer, developing countries.
It also uses insights derived from this finding to critique current trade policy prescriptions.

The MIT Press

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262122450
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
03/21/2002
Series:
Global Environmental Accord: Strategies for Sustainability and Institutional Innovation
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
275
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

List of Figures
List of Tables
Preface
Acknowledgments
1Introduction: The Challenges1
1.1Current Views5
1.2Social and Natural Environments10
1.3The Role of Computation22
1.4Meeting the Challenges27
2Lateral Pressure Theory29
2.1The Classics31
2.2Clarifying Concepts and Contentions35
2.3Lateral Pressure as Linkage Theory40
2.4Lateral Pressure Extended44
2.5Methods and Strategy53
2.6Toward Robust Specification58
3Contextual Imperatives65
3.1Geographic Analysis68
3.2Time-Series Analysis78
3.3Conclusion95
4Untangling Complex Linkages: Statistical Analysis99
4.1Prevailing Contentions99
4.2The Simplest View: Univariate Analysis106
4.3The View Less Simple: Bivariate Analysis111
4.4The Complex View: Multivariate Analysis116
4.5Conclusion: Revising the Contentions124
5Exploring Complexity: System Dynamics Analysis127
5.1Recalling Analytic Tensions128
5.2Representing Analytic Tensions131
5.3The Environmental Lateral Pressure Model136
5.4Critical Inferences and Implications149
6Conclusion: Implications for Theory, Methods, and Policy155
6.1Theoretical Extensions158
6.2Methodological Advances161
6.3Policy Consequences164
6.4Next Steps167
App. AComplex Structures and Dynamics171
App. BConditional Plot Analysis177
App. CLatitude and Longitude Analysis189
App. DTC x GNP Texts191
App. EDynamic Model Equations201
App. FNonlinear Relationship Analysis211
App. GDynamic Equilibrium Analysis219
Notes221
Bibliography227
Index241

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