Environmental Inequalities Beyond Borders: Local Perspectives on Global Injustices

Environmental Inequalities Beyond Borders: Local Perspectives on Global Injustices

by JoAnn Carmin
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262515873

ISBN-13: 9780262515870

Pub. Date: 04/04/2011

Publisher: MIT Press

Multinational corporations often exploit natural resources or locate factories in poor countries far from the demand for the products and profits that result. Developed countries also routinely dump hazardous materials and produce greenhouse gas emissions that have a disproportionate impact on developing countries. This book investigates how these and other

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Overview

Multinational corporations often exploit natural resources or locate factories in poor countries far from the demand for the products and profits that result. Developed countries also routinely dump hazardous materials and produce greenhouse gas emissions that have a disproportionate impact on developing countries. This book investigates how these and other globalized practices exact high social and environmental costs as poor, local communities are forced to cope with depleted resources, pollution, health problems, and social and cultural disruption. Case studies drawn from Africa, Asia, the Pacific Rim, and Latin America critically assess how diverse types of global inequalities play out on local terrains. These range from an assessment of the pros and cons of foreign investment in Fiji to an account of the work of transnational activists combating toxic waste disposal in Mozambique. Taken together, the chapters demonstrate the spatial disconnect between global consumption and production on the one hand and local environmental quality and human rights on the other. The result is a rich perspective not only on the ways industries, governments, and consumption patterns may further entrench existing inequalities but also on how emerging networks and movements can foster institutional change and promote social equality and environmental justice.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262515870
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
04/04/2011
Series:
Urban and Industrial Environments
Pages:
320
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

1 Introduction: Environmental Injustice Beyond Borders Julian Agyeman JoAnn Carmin 1

I Consumption and the Rise of Inequalities Beyond Borders 17

2 Spatial Justice and Climate Change: Multiscale Impacts and Local Development in Durban, South Africa Isabelle Anguelovski Debra Roberts 19

3 Learning from the Quest for Environmental Justice in the Niger River Delta Max Stephenson Lisa A. Schweitzer 45

4 Foreign Investment and Environmental Justice in an Island Economy: Mining, Bottled Water, and Corporate Social Responsibility in Fiji Saleem H. Ali Mary A. Ackley 67

II The Amplification of Inequality through International Donors and Institutions 85

5 Global Civil Society and the Distribution of Environmental Goods: Funding for Environmental NGOs in Ecuador Tammy L. Lewis 87

6 Environmental Justice, Values, and Biological Diversity: The San and the Hoodia Benefit-Sharing Agreement Saskia Vermeylen Gordon Walker 105

7 Global Environmental Governance and Pathways for the Achievement of Environmental Justice Beth Schaefer Caniglia 129

III Networked Responses to Global Inequality 157

8 Governing and Contesting China's Oil Operations in the Global South Patricia Widener 159

9 Resisting Environmental Injustice through Sustainable Agriculture: Examples from Latin America and Their Implications for U.S. Food Politics Alison Hope Alkon 185

10 Going Beyond the State to Strengthen the Rule of Law: Local Activists, Transnational Networks, and Gold Mining in Bulgaria Barbara Hicks 213

11 Politics by Other Greens: The Importance of Transnational Environmental Justice Movement Networks David Naguib Pellow 247

IV Conclusion 267

12 Reflections on Environmental Inequality Beyond Borders JoAnn Carmin Julian Agyeman 269

About the Contributors 275

Index 277 .

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