Environmental Law: Examples & Explanations, Third Edition / Edition 3

Environmental Law: Examples & Explanations, Third Edition / Edition 3

by Steven Ferrey
     
 

ISBN-10: 0735540136

ISBN-13: 9780735540132

Pub. Date: 03/28/2004

Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business

This invaluable resource — one of the few supportive texts in environmental law — helps students unravel and understand the multitude of issues, statues, agency regulations, and court decisions that constitute environmental law.

Be sure to consider the strengths of Environmental Law: Examples & Explanations:

  • Comprehensive coverage of
  • Overview

    This invaluable resource — one of the few supportive texts in environmental law — helps students unravel and understand the multitude of issues, statues, agency regulations, and court decisions that constitute environmental law.

    Be sure to consider the strengths of Environmental Law: Examples & Explanations:

  • Comprehensive coverage of 16 areas of environmental law, all in integrated and cross-referenced chapters.
  • Complete textual explication of basic concepts, rules, acts, and agencies in easy to understand segments.
  • Multiple viewpoints to help ground the reader in the technical, legal, scientific, statutory, and policy aspects of real-world environmental law practice.
  • Detailed analysis of every major new Supreme Court, Circuit Court and Lower Court opinion through early 2004 on environmental law and regulation.
  • Reporting of recent splits in Circuit court decisions on hazardous waste.
  • New NEPA case law and its application to extraterritorial reach.

    Among the changes in the Third Edition:

  • New section on environmental equity with recent cases.
  • Environmental science woven into each chapter.

    For fuller student understanding of this complex area, require or recommend Environmental Law: Examples & Explanations, Third Edition for your next course.

  • Product Details

    ISBN-13:
    9780735540132
    Publisher:
    Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
    Publication date:
    03/28/2004
    Series:
    Examples & Explanations Series
    Edition description:
    Older Edition
    Pages:
    660
    Product dimensions:
    9.70(w) x 7.00(h) x 1.40(d)

    Table of Contents

    Prefacexxiii
    Acknowledgmentsxxv
    Chapter 1.Environmental Ethics, Standards, Markets, and the Common Law1
    The Concept of Environmental Regulation1
    Ecosystems and Cycles1
    Ethics and Efficiency: The Moral Basis of Pollution Control5
    The EPA and Its Authority to Permit and Enforce6
    Setting the Standard for Emissions to the Environment10
    Tools and Techniques of Environmental Protection12
    Common Law Environmental Remedies21
    Key Distinctions21
    Nuisance22
    Trespass27
    Negligence28
    Strict Liability29
    Public Trust Doctrine30
    The Availability of Criminal Sanctions32
    Chapter 2.Administrative Procedure for Environmental Regulation37
    Where the Action Is37
    Drawing the Line: The Nondelegation Doctrine40
    Staying Within the Tent: The Ultra Vires Docrine41
    The Administrative Procedure Act42
    Types of Agency Actions42
    The Process and Judicial Review48
    Standards of Judicial Review57
    Remedies and Fees65
    Federal Tort Claims Act65
    Equal Access to Justice Act66
    Public Access to Information68
    Chapter 3.The National Environmental Policy Act75
    The Structure of NEPA75
    The NEPA Text77
    In the Beginning: Substance and Procedure77
    The EIS Process81
    The Administrative Process81
    The Threshold Decision82
    Judicial Review Under NEPA91
    Timing and Scope of the EIS99
    When: Timing of the EIS100
    Who, What, and Where: Scope of the EIS102
    When Again: The Supplemental EIS108
    Adequacy of the EIS: Analysis and Alternatives114
    Analysis of Sufficient Environmental Impacts115
    Treatment of Alternatives118
    Primary Alternatives119
    Secondary Alternatives119
    Mitigation Measures120
    Judicial Review of Adequacy: Substance Versus Procedure120
    Exemptions from NEPA121
    International Environmental Effects124
    Chapter 4.Constitutional Issues: The Commerce Clause and Environmental Preemption135
    The Commerce Clause and Environmental Regulation136
    Issue 1The Plenary Power of Congress to Regulate Interstate Commerce136
    Issue 2Restriction of State Power--The Dormant Commerce Clause140
    Federal Preemption of State Environmental Regulation152
    Express Preemption154
    Implied Preemption154
    Savings Clauses in Environmental Statutes158
    Chapter 5.Air Quality Regulation161
    The Basics of Air Pollution Regulation161
    Sources of Air Pollution161
    Air Pollution Regulation Prior to 1970162
    The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1970163
    Ambient Air Quality: Area Regulation164
    Source Controls: Regulation of Individual Emitters of Pollutants170
    The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977173
    The Concept of Nonattainment: Geographic Standards173
    The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990184
    Attainment and Maintenance of NAAQS: Title I185
    Regulating Mobile Sources: Title II194
    Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs): Title III201
    Acid Deposition Control: Title IV203
    Stratospheric Ozone Protection: Title VI207
    Enforcement Provisions: Title VII208
    Chapter 6.Water Pollution217
    The Importance of Water217
    Water Quality and Pollution219
    Primary Sources of Water Pollution219
    Types and Measurements of Water Pollution221
    Early Water Quality and Effluent Regulation225
    The River and Harbors Act of 1899225
    Twentieth Century Pre-1972 Water Pollution Control226
    Federal Water Pollution Control Act228
    The Structure228
    Health-Based and Technology-Based Standards232
    Amendments Regulating Specific Discharges234
    Water-Quality Standards246
    Enforcement249
    Additional Federal Water Pollution Statutes251
    The Safe Drinking Water Act251
    Other Water Pollution Statutes252
    Chapter 7.Rights to Use Water259
    Surface Water Rights260
    Riparian Water Rights: Geographic Determination261
    The System of Prior Appropriation: First in Time270
    Dual System States274
    Groundwater Allocation280
    Riparian Rights280
    Prior Appropriation Rights281
    Federal and Tribal Rights281
    Chapter 8.The Management of Hazardous and Solid Wastes: RCRA285
    What Waste Is Regulated?286
    RCRA's Purpose and Goals286
    Trigger 1RCRA Regulates "Wastes"287
    Trigger 2RCRA Regulates Hazardous Wastes289
    Regulation of Hazardous Waste Generators298
    Regulation of Hazardous Waste Transporters301
    TSD Facility Regulation303
    Interim Status Facilities304
    Permanent Permitted Status Facilities305
    Relation to Other Regulation306
    The Land Ban307
    State and Local Government Regulation310
    Wrestling the Tiger: Enforcement by Agencies and Citizens313
    Information Gathering by the EPA: [section]3007314
    Monitoring and Testing: [section]3013316
    Citizen Suits: [section]7002317
    Imminent and Substantial Endangerment Actions: [section]7003321
    Criminal Violations323
    RCRA Remedies and Bankruptcy Powers327
    Subsidiary RCRA Regulatory Programs328
    Underground Storage Tanks (UST)328
    Medical Waste Tracking Act of 1988330
    Chapter 9.The Superfund: Hazardous Substance Remediation333
    The Mechanics of CERCLA334
    How Superfund Is Different from Other Environmental Laws334
    Basic Structure338
    EPA Tools to Accomplish Pollution Abatement and Impose Liability: [sections]106 and 107357
    The Four Basic Tools357
    Strict Liability359
    Proximate Cause360
    Basic Defenses366
    Assignment and Allocation of Liability to Private Parties377
    Joint and Several, or Several, Liability?377
    Private PRP [section]107 Actions380
    Private Party Allocation: [section]113382
    Strategic CERCLA Litigation Choices and Outcomes384
    The Application of CERCLA Liability in Special Situations398
    Liability Status of Unconventional "Persons"398
    Interrelationship of CERCLA and Other Law409
    Insurance Compensation for Contamination: Who Ultimately Pays?418
    Chapter 10.Local Environmental Controls427
    Land Use, Property Rights, and Environmental Law428
    Zoning and Critical Environmental Habitats429
    Zoning and the Environment429
    Environmental Zoning Techniques434
    Regulation of Critical Environmental Resources443
    The Coastal Zone443
    Wetlands445
    Other Critical Areas446
    Municipal Licensing for Environmental Goals448
    The Municipal Power to License448
    Building and Occupancy Permits449
    Nonconforming Uses and Their Destruction450
    Board of Health Environmental Authority452
    Common Law Land Use Controls453
    The Public Trust Doctrine453
    Waste and Nuisance454
    Legal Limitations on Environmental Land Use Regulation455
    Spot Zoning455
    Reverse Spot Zoning457
    The "Takings" Clause Limitation458
    Procedural Limitations461
    Chapter 11.Preservation of Natural Areas: Wetlands and Open Space467
    Wetlands and Waterways467
    What Is a Wetland?468
    Regulation of Wetlands471
    Early Regulation471
    The Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972472
    Jurisdictional Overlaps in Implementing [section]404477
    Initial Review of the Army Corps of Engineers478
    EPA Veto479
    Review of EPA or Corps' Decisions481
    The Role of the States in Wetlands Protection484
    State Control of the [section]404 Program484
    State Wetlands Protection Jurisdiction484
    Protected Natural Resource Areas487
    The Agencies in Control488
    Wilderness Areas491
    Timber Exploitation493
    Mineral Exploitation494
    Grazing495
    Chapter 12.Energy and the Environment497
    Energy and the Environment498
    The Role of Electricity498
    The History of Power500
    Regulation of Public Utilities514
    Where Does It Come From--Where Does It Go?514
    How Utility Rates Are Set515
    Federal Versus State Regulation518
    The Filed Rate Doctrine520
    Deregulation of Power522
    Deregulation of Power Generation522
    Deregulation of Power and Wheeling526
    Power Bidding526
    Retail Sales and Wheeling528
    Oil and Gas Rights532
    Oil and Gas in the American Economy532
    Environmental Repercussions533
    Ownership and Transfer of Oil, Coal, and Gas Rights535
    Chapter 13.The Endangered Species Act539
    Key Statutes539
    Key Definitions541
    The Key Verb: "Take"543
    Listing of Species and Consultation544
    Listing Species and Habitat: [section]4544
    Required Cooperation and Consultation for Listed Species and Habitat: [section]7545
    Exemption from [section]7546
    Takings: [section]9550
    What Private Action Is Prohibited550
    Incidental Takes Allowed552
    Chapter 14.TSCA and FIFRA: Regulating Chemical Manufacture and Distribution555
    The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)556
    What Is a Chemical Substance?557
    Parties Regulated558
    Testing Chemical Substances558
    Regulating Existing Chemical Substances559
    Enforcement564
    The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)565
    Pesticides Defined567
    Registration567
    Export of Pesticides569
    Preemption570
    Chapter 15.International Environmental Law575
    The Structure and Limitations of International Environmental Law576
    Treaties577
    Custom579
    General Principles of Law580
    Judicial Decisions and Scholarly Writing581
    International Forums for Justice583
    Equity in International Justice583
    The Application of International Environmental Law584
    Judicial Decisions585
    Trans-Boundary Harm586
    Air Pollution586
    Water Pollution587
    Desertification588
    Environmental Warfare588
    Nuclear Power and Weapons589
    Species and Toxins590
    Glossary593
    Abbreviations609
    Table of Cases615
    Index623

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