The trend in industry and with the EPA is to prevent wastes before they are created instead of treating or disposing of them later. This book assists design/systems engineers and managers in designing or changing a product or set of processes in order to minimize the negative impact on the environment during its life cycle. It explains the overall concept of environmental life cycle analysis and breaks down each of the stages, providing a clear picture of the issues involved.
Chapters 1 and 2 provide an introduction and overview of the environmental life cycle analysis process. Chapter 3 establishes the basis and methodologies required for analysis through description of the basic framework, definition of boundaries, use of checklists, data gathering processes, construction of models, and interpretation of results. Templates and special cases that may be encountered and how to handle them are addressed in Chapter 4. Chapters 5 through 9 go into detail about modeling, issues, and data collection for each stage of the product life cycle. The final chapter provides a summary of the various steps and offers ideas on how to present data and reports.
Aids design and systems engineers and business managers in changing a product or a set of processes in order to minimize a product's negative impact on the environment during the course of its life cycle. Explains the overall concepts behind preventing wastes before they are created, and breaks the life cycle down into stages that can be analyzed one by one. The approach reflects a current trend in industry and regulatory agencies. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
Assessment Methodology Overview
Examples of Applications
Life Cycle Framework
Checklists and Their Application and Use
Construction of a Conceptual Model
Turning Data into Useful Information
Interpretation of Results
Reporting the Results
Specific Life Cycle Stages
SPECIFIC LIFE CYCLE STAGES
Raw Materials and Energy Inventory
Manufacturing, Formulation, and Processing
Distribution and Transportation
Primary Data Collection
Secondary Data Sources
Donation/Sale and Recycle
Degradation of Ecological Systems
Human Health and Welfare Issues