Environmental Regime Effectiveness: Confronting Theory with Evidence

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This book examines why some international environmental regimes succeed while others fail. Confronting theory with evidence, and combining qualitative and quantitative analysis, it compares fourteen case studies of international regimes.

It considers what effectiveness in a regime would look like, what factors might contribute to effectiveness, and how to measure the variables. It determines that environmental regimes actually do better than the collective model of the book predicts.The effective regimes examined involve the End of Dumping in the North Sea,Sea Dumping of Low-Level Radioactive Waste, Management of Tuna Fisheries in the Pacific, and the Vienna Convention and Montreal Protocol on Ozone Layer Depletion.

Mixed-performance regimes include Land-Based Pollution Control in the North Sea, the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, Satellite Telecommunication,and Management of High Seas Salmon in the North Pacific. Ineffective regimes are the Mediterranean Action Plan, Oil Pollution from Ships at Sea, International Trade in Endangered Species, the International Whaling Commission, and the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources.

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What People Are Saying

From the Publisher
"There are few works that do such a thorough job of presenting developments in Japanese science to an English-speaking audience, and there is no book that deals in such detail with the science-policy interface in the environmental policy realm in Japan. This is a meticulously researched and well written book."—Miranda A. Schreurs, Department of Government and Politics,University of Maryland

"This book is quite an achievement. There is no other work in the international relations field that does such an extensive job of assessing the effectiveness of international environmental agreements."—Miranda A. Schreurs,Department of Government and Politics, University of Maryland

"If the right people employ appropriate tools, the most malignant problems can be solved effectively. In demonstrating this most convincingly for international environmental regimes, the authors have at the same time mastered one of the most difficult methodological tasks in our discipline. This book is the most sound and fascinating account of international regime consequences that I know."—Michael Zuern, Professor for Transnational and International Relations,University of Bremen, and Director of the Institute for Intercultural and International Studies

"The authors have produced a volume that has three core merits: First,its findings strengthen confidence in the effectiveness of international regimes; secondly, it demonstrates the usefulness of rigorous theory-led research based on comparative case studies; and thirdly, it excels in critical methodological self-reflection indicating clearly the reach and limits of its findings' validity. I am truly impressed by the authors' achievement in this volume."—Volker Rittberger,Institute of Political Science, Center for International Relations, University of Tuebingen, Germany

"The dessication of the Aral Sea is part of the tragic legacy of the Soviet Union's central planning system. Weinthal powerfully illustrates how international actors have been able to work with the new states of Central Asia to promote cooperation rather than conflict in dealing with the severe water crisis now facing the region. Many lessons can be taken from this thorough analysis in thinking about how to deal with water crises in other parts of the world."—Miranda A.

Schreurs, Department of Government and Politics, University of MarylandPlease note: Endorser gives permission to excerpt from quote.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Edward L. Miles is Virginia and Prentice Bloedel Professor of Marine and Public Affairs at the University of Washington.

Steinar Andresen is a Senior Research Fellow at the Fridtjof Nansen Institute in Norway.

Elaine M. Carlin is a Research Scientist with the Joint US/Norwegian Research Team in the School of Marine Affairs at the University of Washington.

Arild Underdal is Professor of Political Science at the University of Oslo.

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Table of Contents

I Introduction
1 One Question, Two Answers 3
2 Methods of Analysis 47
II Effective Regimes
Introduction: Common Features of Effective Regimes 63
3 Toward the End of Dumping in the North Sea: The Case of the Oslo Commission 65
4 Sea Dumping of Low-Level Radioactive Waste, 1964 to 1982 87
5 The Management of Tuna Fisheries in the West Central and Southwest Pacific 117
6 The Vienna Convention and Montreal Protocol on Ozone-Layer Depletion 149
III Mixed-Performance Regimes
Introduction: Common Features of Mixed-Performance Regimes 173
7 Cleaning Up the North Sea: The Case of Land-Based Pollution Control 175
8 The Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) 197
9 Satellite Telecommunication 223
10 The Management of High-Seas Salmon in the North Pacific, 1952 to 1992 249
IV A Control: A High-Security Regime
Introduction: The Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime as a Control Case 271
11 Nuclear Nonproliferation, 1945 to 1995 273
V Regimes of Low Effectiveness
Introduction: Common Features of Ineffective Regimes 309
12 The Effectiveness of the Mediterranean Action Plan 311
13 Oil Pollution from Ships at Sea: The Ability of Nations to Protect a Blue Planet 331
14 International Trade in Endangered Species: The CITES Regime 357
15 The International Whaling Commission (IWC): More Failure Than Success? 379
16 The Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR): Improving Procedures but Lacking Results 405
VI Conclusions
17 Conclusions: Patterns of Regime Effectiveness 433
18 Epilogue 467
App. A Incongruity Problems: A More Technical Description 477
App. B Seattle/Oslo Project Codebook: Selected Variables 479
App. C Data File: Key Variables 486
Contributors 493
Index 495
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