Environmental Science: Working with the Earth / Edition 9

Environmental Science: Working with the Earth / Edition 9

by G. Tyler Miller

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ISBN-10: 0534420397

ISBN-13: 9780534420390

Pub. Date: 12/01/2002

Publisher: Brooks/Cole

Designed as a foundational text for environmental science courses, Miller's flexible book is adaptable to almost any approach, and is the most widely embraced approach to environmental science in print today.
With fair and balanced coverage and Internet tools integrated throughout, the book features an extensively developed art program, writing that communicates


Designed as a foundational text for environmental science courses, Miller's flexible book is adaptable to almost any approach, and is the most widely embraced approach to environmental science in print today.
With fair and balanced coverage and Internet tools integrated throughout, the book features an extensively developed art program, writing that communicates scientific information clearly and effectively, and the most current coverage of the subject. The book's flexible organization means that it can be adapted to fit almost any syllabus. Miller's more than thirty years of research and teaching expertise make this the definitive book on the subject.

Product Details

Publication date:
Biology Ser.
Edition description:
Older Edition

Table of Contents

Part IHumans and Sustainability: An Overview2
1Environmental Problems, Their Causes, and Sustainability4
Living in an Exponential Age4
1-1Living Sustainably5
1-2Growth and the Wealth Gap6
1-5Environmental and Resource Problems: Causes and Connections17
1-6Cultural Changes and Sustainability19
1-7Is Our Present Course Sustainable?22
2Economics, Politics, Ethics, and Sustainability29
A.D. 2060: Green Times on Planet Earth29
2-1Economic Systems and Environmental Problems30
2-2Economic Growth and External Costs32
2-3Solutions: Using Economics to Improve Environmental Quality35
2-4Solutions: Reducing Poverty40
2-5Solutions: Converting to Earth-Sustaining Economies42
2-6Politics and Environmental Policy44
2-7Environmental Worldviews: Clashing Values and Cultures49
2-8Solutions: Living Sustainably53
Part IIScientific Principles and Concepts61
3Science, Systems, Matter, and Energy62
Saving Energy, Money, and Jobs in Osage, Iowa62
3-1Science, Technology, Environmental Science, and Critical Thinking63
3-2Models and Behavior of Systems66
3-3Matter: Forms, Structure, and Quality68
3-4Energy: Forms and Quality72
3-5Physical and Chemical Changes and the Law of Conservation of Matter73
3-6Nuclear Changes75
3-7The Two Ironclad Laws of Energy77
3-8Connections: Matter and Energy Laws and Environmental Problems80
4Ecosystems and How They Work: Connections in Nature84
Have You Thanked the Insects Today?84
4-1Ecology and Life85
4-2Earth's Life-Support Systems87
4-3Ecosystem Concepts and Components89
4-4Connections: Food Webs and Energy Flow in Ecosystems94
4-5Connections: Matter Cycling in Ecosystems99
4-6How Do Ecologists Learn About Ecosystems?105
4-7Ecosystem Services and Sustainability107
5Evolution, Biodiversity, and Community Processes109
Why Should We Care About Alligators?109
5-1Life and Its Origins110
5-2Evolution and Adaptation115
5-3Speciation, Extinction, and Biodiversity117
5-4Niches and Types of Species120
5-5Species Interactions124
5-6Ecological Succession126
5-7Ecological Stability and Sustainability130
6Climate, Weather, and Biodiversity135
Connections: Blowing in the Wind135
6-1Weather and Climate: A Brief Introduction136
6-2Biomes: Climate and Life on Land141
6-3Desert and Grassland Biomes143
6-4Forest and Mountain Biomes147
6-5Saltwater Life Zones155
6-6Freshwater Life Zones162
7Population Dynamics, Carrying Capacity, and Conservation Biology168
Two Islands: Can We Treat This One Better?168
7-1Population Dynamics and Carrying Capacity169
7-2Reproductive Strategies and Survival172
7-3Conservation Biology: Sustaining Wildlife Populations173
7-4Human Impacts on Ecosystems: Learning from Nature174
7-5Solutions: Working with Nature to Help Ecosystems Heal176
8Risk, Toxicology, and Human Health179
The Big Killer179
8-1Risks and Hazards180
8-3Chemical Hazards180
8-4Physical Hazards: Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions186
8-5Biological Hazards: Disease in Developed and Developing Countries187
8-6Risk Analysis192
Part IIIHuman Population, Resources, and Sustainability201
9The Human Population: Growth and Distribution202
Slowing Population Growth in Thailand202
9-1Factors Affecting Human Population Size203
9-2Population Age Structure208
9-3Solutions: Influencing Population Size211
9-4Case Studies: Slowing Population Growth in India and China219
9-5Cutting Global Population Growth220
9-6Population Distribution: Urbanization and Urban Growth220
9-7Urban Resource and Environmental Problems223
9-8Transportation and Urban Development226
9-9Some Solutions to Urban Problems229
10Air and Air Pollution236
When Is a Lichen Like a Canary?236
10-1The Atmosphere237
10-2Urban Outdoor Air Pollution from Smog238
10-3Regional Outdoor Air Pollution from Acid Deposition242
10-4Indoor Air Pollution246
10-5Effects of Air Pollution on Living Organisms and Materials249
10-6Solutions: Preventing and Reducing Air Pollution252
11Global Warming and Ozone Loss259
A.D. 2060: Hard Times on Planet Earth259
11-1The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming260
11-2Past and Future Changes in the Earth's Climate260
11-3Global Warming or a Lot of Hot Air? How Serious Is the Threat?264
11-4Some Possible Effects of a Warmer World267
11-5Solutions: Dealing with the Threat of Global Warming270
11-6Ozone Depletion: Is It A Serious Threat?274
11-7Solutions: Protecting the Ozone Layer281
12Water Resources and Water Pollution286
Water Wars in the Middle East286
12-1Water's Importance and Unique Properties287
12-2Supply, Renewal, and Use of Water Resources288
12-3Too Little Water290
12-4Too Much Water300
12-5Pollution of Streams, Lakes, and Groundwater303
12-6Ocean Pollution314
12-7Solutions: Preventing and Reducing Water Pollution317
13Mineral and Soil Resources326
The Great Terrain Robbery326
13-1Geologic Processes327
13-2Mineral Resources and the Rock Cycle329
13-3Estimating Supplies of Nonrenewable Mineral Resources333
13-4Increasing Mineral Resource Supplies334
13-5Environmental Effects of Extracting and Using Mineral Resources336
13-6Soil: The Base of Life339
13-7Soil Erosion343
13-8Solutions: Soil Conservation348
14Solid and Hazardous Waste355
There Is No "Away": The Love Canal Tragedy355
14-1Wasting Resources: The High-Waste Approach356
14-2Producing Less Waste and Pollution: Reducing Throughput357
14-5Case Studies: Recycling Aluminum, Wastepaper, and Plastics367
14-6Detoxifying, Burning, Burying, and Exporting Wastes368
14-7Case Studies: Lead, Dioxins, and Chlorine374
14-8Hazardous-Waste Regulation in the United States377
14-9Solutions: Achieving a Low-Waste Society378
Part IVSustaining Biodiversity and Ecological Integrity383
15Food Resources384
Perennial Crops on the Kansas Prairie384
15-1How Is Food Produced?385
15-2World Food Problems and Challenges390
15-3Increasing World Food Production395
15-4Solutions: Sustainable Agriculture406
16Protecting Food Resources: Pesticides and Pest Control411
Along Came a Spider411
16-1Pesticides: Types and Uses412
16-2The Case for Pesticides413
16-3The Case Against Pesticides415
16-4Pesticide Regulation in the United States419
16-5Solutions: Other Ways to Control Pests421
17Sustaining Terrestrial Ecosystems: Forests, Rangelands, Parks, and Wilderness426
How Farmers and Loud Monkeys Saved a Forest426
17-1Public Lands in the United States427
17-2Managing and Sustaining Forests429
17-3Forest Resources and Management in the United States and Canada436
17-4Tropical Deforestation and the Fuelwood Crisis440
17-5Managing and Sustaining Rangelands447
17-6Managing and Sustaining National Parks450
17-7Protecting and Managing Wilderness and Other Biodiversity Sanctuaries454
18Sustaining Wild Species462
The Passenger Pigeon: Gone Forever462
18-1The Rise and Fall of Species463
18-2Causes of Depletion and Premature Extinction of Wild Species468
18-3Solutions: Protecting Wild Species from Depletion and Extinction479
18-4Wildlife Management485
18-5Fishery Management and Protecting Marine Biodiversity488
18-6Case Study: The Whaling Industry489
Part VEnergy Resources495
19Nonrenewable Energy Resources496
Bitter Lessons from Chernobyl496
19-1Evaluating Energy Resources497
19-3Natural Gas504
19-5Nuclear Energy508
20Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy519
The Energy-Efficiency and Renewable-Energy Revolution519
20-1The Importance of Improving Energy Efficiency520
20-2Ways to Improve Energy Efficiency522
20-3Direct Use of Solar Energy for Heat and Electricity530
20-4Producing Electricity from Moving Water and from Heat Stored in Water536
20-5Producing Electricity from Wind540
20-6Producing Energy from Biomass541
20-7The Solar-Hydrogen Revolution544
20-8Geothermal Energy545
20-9Solutions: A Sustainable Energy Strategy547
1Publications, Environmental Organizations, and Federal and International AgenciesA1
2Units of MeasurementA6
3Major U.S. Resource Conservation and Environmental LegislationA7
4Tactics of the Anti-Environmental MovementA8
5Mapping Concepts and ConnectionsA9
6Individuals Matter: What Can You Do?A14
Internet Sources and Further ReadingsF1

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