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Environmental Simulation Chambers: Application to Atmospheric Chemical Processes / Edition 1

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Overview

The book gives in the first instance descriptions of different types of so-called environment chambers or photoreactors used mainly for the simulation and/or investigation of important chemical processes occurring in the atmosphere. The types of reactor described include outdoor and indoor chambers, temperature regulated chambers and glass and Teflon foil chambers The practical use of chambers is demonstrated in contributions by leading scientists in the field of atmospheric chemistry using, in many cases, current results. The types of atmospherically relevant investigations described include the measurement of reactivities, the measurement of radicals, the measurement of photolysis frequencies and products, kinetic and product studies on the oxidation of different types of hydrocarbons by important oxidant species (OH, N03, 03), formation of secondary organic aerosol from hydrocarbon oxidation etc. A special section includes contributions from eastern European countries which highlight some of the environmental research being performed in these countries. An abridged version of a specially commissioned review by the JRC Ispra on the status of environmental research in eastern European countries is also included in this section.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781402042300
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 12/22/2005
  • Series: Nato Science Series: IV: (closed) , #62
  • Edition description: 2006
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 458
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 1.06 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface.Acknowledgements. Simulation Chamber Facilities. Overview on the Development of Chambers for the Study of Atmospheric Chemical Processes; K.H. Becker.- The UCR EPA Environmental Chamber; W. P. L Carter-. Investigations of Secondary Organic Aerosol in the UCR EPA Environmental Chamber; D.R.Cocker III and C.Song.
Field Measurements and Modelling Motivated Design of a Programme of Aerosol Chamber Experiments; G. McFiggans.- Chamber Simulations of Cloud Chemistry: The ADA Chamber; R.Wagner et al.- New ON-line Mass Spectrometer for Identification of Reaction Products in the Aqueous Phase: Application to the OH Oxidation of N-methyl-pyrrolidone Under Atmospheric Conditions; L.Poulain et al.- Dynamic Chamber System to Measure Gaseous Compounds Emissions and Atmospheric-Biospheric Interactions; V.P.Aneja et al.- Chemical Process Studies.Chamber Studies on the Photolysis of Aldehydes; J.Wenger.-Determination of Photolysis Frequencies for Selected Carbonyl Compounds in the EUPHORE Chamber; R-I-. Olariu.- Remote Sensing of Glyoxal by Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS): Advancements in Simulation Chamber and Field Experiments; R.L.Volkamer et al.-Aromatic Hydrocarbon Oxidation: the Contribution of Chamber Photooxidation Studies; C. Bloss et al. FT-JR Kinetic Study on the Gas Phase Reactions of the OH Radical with a Series of Nitroaromatic Compounds; L. Bejan et al-. Atmospheric Fate of Unsaturated Ethers; A. Mellouki.-Atmospheric Oxidation of the Chlorinated Solvents, 1 ,1, 1 -Trichioroethane, Trichioroethene and Tetrachioroethene; L. Nolan et al.- Simulation Chamber Study of the Oxidation of Acetic Acid by OH Radicals: Detection of Reaction Products by CW-CRDS in the Near-Infrared Range; S. Crunair et al.- Kinetics, Products and Mechanism of O(3P) Atom Reactions with Alkyl lodides; I. Barnes.- Kinetics of the Reaction between CF2O and CH3OH; M.A.Burgos Paci. and G.A. Arguello.- New Kinetic and Spectroscopic Measurements in the CF3O + NO System;M.S.Chiappero et al.-Kinetic Study of the Temperature Dependence of the OH Initiated Oxidation of Dimethyl Sulphide; M.Albu et al.- Environmental Chamber Studies of Ozone Formation Potentials of Volatile Organic Compounds; W.P.L.Carter.-Evaluation of the Detailed Tropospheric Chemical Mechanism, MCM v3, Using Environmental Chamber Data: Butane and its Degradation Products; P.G. Pinho et al.- Studies on Nitrate-affected Oxidation and their Perspectives; W. Pasiuk-Bronikowska and T.Bronikowski.- Heterogeneous and Aqueous-Phase Transformations of lsoprene; K.J. Rudzinski.- Investigations of Atmospheric Transformation of Diesel Emissions in the European Photoreactor (EUPHORE); B. Zielinska et al.- Investigations of Real Car Exhaust in Environmental Simulation Chambers: Results from the INFORMATEX and DIFUSO Projects; P. Wiesen.- The EUROCHAMP Integrated Infrastructure Initiative; P.Wiesen.- .Air Pollution Studies Survey on Atmospheric Chemistry Research in Some new EU Member States and Candidate Countries; E. Batchvarova et al.- New Measurements of NMVOC Concentrations in the City Air of Wuppertal, Germany: Input Data for Chemical Mass Balance Modelling; A. Niedojadlo.et al.- Surface and Total Ozone Over Bulgaria; S.Kolev. and V.Grigorieva.-. Heavy Metals in the Environment: an Everlasting Problem; R. Mocanu.- Atmospheric Wet Deposition Monitoring in lasi, Romania; C. Arsene et al.- Problems of Air Quality in Tashkent City; G.A. Tolkacheva.- Precipitation Quality in the Different Zones of the Tashkent Region in Relation to Photo-Chemical Reactions T. Smirnova and G. Tolkacheva.-Influence of Atmospheric Aerosol Contamination on the Regional Climate in Central Asia; B.B.Chen and V. M Lelevkin.- Air Pollution and Ecosystems Buffer Capacity Assessment in the Industrial Regions of Ukraine; M.M.Kharytonov et al.- Two Neutral Network Methods in Estimation of Air Pollution Time Series; H.K. Cigizoglu et al.- List of Participants with Addresses; Author Index Subject Index

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