Environmental Stress and Cellular Response in Arthropods

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Arthropods are animals with a hard outer skeleton and a jointed body and limbs. Arthropods make up a phylum of invertebrates that includes insects, such as ants, beetles, and butterflies; crustaceans, such as lobsters, shrimps, and crabs; and arachnids, including scorpions, spiders and ticks. In terms of sheer numbers and the purposes they fulfill, arthropods are the most successful animals on Earth. As prey for other animals, plant pollinators and recyclers of organic matter in a variety of ecological niches, arthropods are essential for the balance of life on this planet. Understanding how this phylum responds to cellular stress is vital for accurate and precise ecological monitoring. Arthropod cellular stress defenses are detailed in this important reference, shedding new light on banks of ecological and ecotoxicological data. The author discusses stress proteins, reactive oxygen species, and key enzymes in the context of a wide range of environmental xenobiotics, giving researchers in environmental and ecological monitoring a valuable interpretative tool. Those with a research interest in arthropods will also find this text a handy addition to their bookshelves.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415328869
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 3/29/2004
  • Pages: 208
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 0.66 (d)

Table of Contents

Contents Introduction
What is Stress?
Environmental Stressors
Stress Effects Disturbing Cellular Homeostasis
Stress Defense Systems and Their Response to Stress
Scope and Purpose of this Book
Basal signal transduction systems involved in stress response
Two Major Second Messenger Systems: cAMP and Ca 2+
The MAPK Cascade The stress-protein system
Types, Structures, and Functions of Stress Proteins
Gene Expression, Posttranscriptional, and Translational Regulation of Stress Proteins
The oxidative stress response system
Cellular Response to Reactive Oxygen Species The Metallothionein System
Properties and Types of Metallothionein
Regulation of Metallothionein
Heavy Metal Stress
The mixed-function oxygenase system
Description of the Mixed-Function Oxygenase System
The Mixed-Function Oxygenase System in Insects
Degradation of Xenobiotics in Insects
The role of cellular response systems in developing tolerance to environmental stress
Thermotolerance in Insect Species
The Effects of Environmental Stress on Aging and Cell Death
Effects of Environmental Stress on Aging
Cell Death by Environmental Stress
The integrated cellular stress defense system
Specific Characteristics of the Individual Systems
Important Stress Effects
Cooperation and Integration of Systems
The Central Hypothesis Summary

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