Environmentally Induced Illnesses: Ethics,Risk Assessment and Human Rights / Edition 1

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Readers drawn to Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, Laurie Garrett's The Coming Plague, or Theo Colburn's Our Stolen Future will appreciate this work by Thomas Kerns as well. The growing epidemics of chemically induced illnesses from long-term, low-dose exposure to toxicants in both developed and developing nations are being studied by serious researchers. Questions are being raised as to how societies will deal with these new problems. Kerns's book is the first to directly address the ethical dimension of managing environmental health and ubiquitous toxicants (such as solvents, pesticides, and artificial fragrances). The work includes recent medical literature on chronic health effects from exposure to toxicants and the social costs of these disorders; relevant historic and human rights documents; recommendations for public policy and legislation; and primary obstacles faced by public health advocates. College instructors and students, victims of chemical sensitivity disorders, public health workers, scientists, and policymakers who are interested in the challenge of these emerging epidemics will find Kerns's text highly informative.

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Editorial Reviews

thoroughly documented
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780786408276
  • Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
  • Publication date: 7/11/2001
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 304
  • Product dimensions: 9.00 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

College professor Thomas Kerns teaches medical ethics and philosophy at North Seattle Community College in Seattle, Washington.

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Table of Contents

Preface 1
Introduction 5
1 Data 25
1 Health Effects Overview 25
2 Cancers 29
3 Respiratory Disorders 32
4 The Immune System 33
5 Increased Incidence of Infectious Diseases 38
6 The Blood-Brain Barrier 40
7 Sleep Abnormalities 42
8 Intellectual Function 43
9 Endocrine System Dysregulation 45
10 Detoxification Pathways 50
11 Behavioral Disorders 51
12 MCS 52
13 Pesticides 54
14 Life Disruption 56
15 Actual Costs 60
16 How Many People Are Affected? 61
17 Mechanisms 67
18 Controversy 76
2 Principles 91
1 Prevention 91
2 Risk-Benefit Assessment 95
3 Human Rights: An Ethical Counterbalance 111
4 The Golden Rule, Silver Rule, and Sufferings of the Other 135
5 The Precautionary Principle 136
6 Nonconsensual Exposure 140
7 Tragedy of the Commons 141
8 Absence of Evidence Is Not Evidence of Absence 143
9 Moderation in All Things 144
10 Summary 147
3 Modest Proposals 154
1 Research 155
2 Initial Clinical Presumptions 165
3 Informed Consent 170
4 Burden of Proof 183
5 Disaggregated Safety Standards 191
6 Safe Schools 192
7 Safe Workplaces 196
8 Transparent Processes 197
9 Full Disclosure 197
10 Access to Public Spaces 202
11 Additional Proposals 204
4 Brick Walls 214
1 Globality 216
2 Multinational Chemical Corporations 217
3 Public Relations 225
4 Medical Paradigms 230
5 Others 236
Conclusion 241
App. I North Seattle Community College Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Policy 247
App. II The Nuremberg Code (1947) 251
App. III International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects 253
App. IV Draft Declaration of Principles on Human Rights and the Environment (1994) 258
App. V Charter on Industrial Hazards and Human Rights (1996) 263
App. VI Twenty Most Common Chemicals Found in Thirty-One Fragrance Products 278
Bibliography 283
Index 293
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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 1, 2002

    No more controversy!

    The facts are in and this book clearly points out that Enviromentally Induced Illnesses like Multiple Chemical Sensitivities are REAL! This book also points out how companies go to great lengths to hide these facts from the public. And unlike the other books in this genra, the author offers well thought out, common sense, easily implemented solutions. This is a great book...be prepared to have your emotions stirred.

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