Epidemiology Kept Simple: An Introduction to Traditional and Modern Epidemiology / Edition 2

Epidemiology Kept Simple: An Introduction to Traditional and Modern Epidemiology / Edition 2

by B. Burt Gerstman
     
 

View All Available Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 0471400289

ISBN-13: 9780471400288

Pub. Date: 09/04/2003

Publisher: Wiley

As epidemiology expands into new areas of medicine and scientific research, professionals without specific epidemiologic training and undergraduate students in a variety of health-related fields are increasingly called upon to study and assess epid emiological information.

Epidemiology Kept Simple: An Introduction to Classic and Modern Epidemiology, Second

Overview

As epidemiology expands into new areas of medicine and scientific research, professionals without specific epidemiologic training and undergraduate students in a variety of health-related fields are increasingly called upon to study and assess epid emiological information.

Epidemiology Kept Simple: An Introduction to Classic and Modern Epidemiology, Second Edition revises and updates the first accessible treatment of the subject for non-epidemiologists. Using traditional and modern epidemiologic approaches, it gives the reader simple yet effective tools to interpret epidemiologic data, keep up with current literature, and prepare for qualifying exams with epidemiologic content. Clear and concise throughout, this book features a series of authoritative chapters arranged in a format that encourages comprehension of key concepts. Topics covered include:

  • The historical development of epidemiologic ideas
  • Causal concepts
  • Identification and classification of disease
  • Measures of disease frequency (incidence and prevalence)
  • Stratification and adjustment
  • Measures of association and potential impact
  • Types of studies and epidemiologic study designs
  • Sources of error in epidemiologic study designs
  • Confidence intervals and p values
  • Mantel-Haenszel methods of confounder adjustment
  • Statistical interaction in epidemiologic studies
  • Causal inference
  • Survival analysis and current life tables
  • Clusters and outbreaks

The Second Edition contains chapter summaries, illustrations, and extensive references for would-be epidemiologists or for those interested in specialized areas of epidemiology. It is an ideal introductory text for public health training programs as well as for students and professionals in medicine, health education, and the biologic sciences, and for all who would like to sharpen their epidemiologic skills.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780471400288
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
09/04/2003
Edition description:
2nd Edition
Pages:
436
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.69(d)

Table of Contents

Statistical Notation
Preface to the Second Edition (Epidemiology Kept What?)
Preface to the First Edition (Who Studies Epidemiology and Why They Bother)
Acknowledgments
1. Epidemiology Past and Present
1.1 Epidemiology, Public Health, and Health
1.2 Uses of Epidemiology
1.3 Epidemiologic Transition
1.4 Selected Historical Figures and Events
2. Disease and Causal Concepts
2.1 Natural History of Disease
2.2 The Spectrum of Disease and "The Iceberg"
2.3 Causal Concepts
2.4 Epidemiologic Variables
3. The Infectious Disease Process
3.1 Reasons to Study the Infectious Disease Process
3.2 The Infectious Disease Process
3.3 Herd Immunity
4. Screening for Disease
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Reproducibility
4.3 Validity
4.4 Relation Between Prevalence of Disease and Predictive Value of a Test
4.5 Selecting a Cutoff for Positive and Negative Test Results
Chapter Addendum (Case Study): Screening for Antibodies to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus
5. Case Definitions and Disease Classification
5.1 Case Definitions
5.2 The International Classification of Disease
5.3 Artifactual Fluctuations in Reported Rates
6. Incidence and Prevalence
6.1 Background
6.2 Incidence Proportion (Risk, Cumulative Incidence)
6.3 Incidence Rate (Incidence Density)
6.4 Prevalence
7. Rate Adjustment
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Direct Adjustment
7.3 Indirect Adjustment
7.4 Adjustment for Multiple Factors
8. 8. Measures of Association and Potential Impact
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Absolute Measures of Association
8.3 Relative Measures of Association
8.4 Measures of Potential Impact
9. Types of Epidemiologic Studies
9.1 Stages of Study and Hypothesis Statement
9.2 Taxonomy of Study Design
9.3 Descriptive Studies vs. Analytic Studies
10. Experimental Studies
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Selected Concepts
10.3 Clinical Trials as a Point of Reference
11. Observational Studies
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Aggregate-Level (Ecological) Studies
11.3 Cross-Sectional Studies
11.4 Cohort Studies
11.5 Case-Control Studies
11.6 Comparison of Randomized Trials, Cohort Studies, and Case-Control Studies
12. Types of Errors in Epidemiologic Research
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Random Error
12.3 Systematic Error
13 Confidence Intervals and p Values
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Confidence Intervals
13.3 p Values
13.4 Minimum Bayes Factors
14. Mantel-Haenszel Methods
14.1 Ways to Prevent Confounding
14.2 Simpson's Paradox
14.3 Mantel-Haenszel Methods for Risk Ratios
14.4 mantel-Haenszel Methods for Other Measures of Association
15. Statistical Interaction
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Chi-Square Test for Statistical Interaction
15.3 A Strategy for Stratified Analysis
16. From Association to Causation
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Report of the Advisory Committee to the U.S. Surgeon General, 1964
16.3 Hill's Framework
17. Survival Analysis
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Stratifying Rates by Follow-up Time
17.3 Actuarial Method of Survival Analysis
17.4 Kaplan-Meier Method of Survival Analysis
17.5 Comparing the Survival Experience of Two Groups
18. Current Life Tables
18.1 Introduction
18.2 Complete Life Table
18.3 Abridged Life Table
19. Random Distribution of Cases in Time and Space
19.1 Introduction
19.2 The Poisson Distribution
19.3 Goodness of Fit
20. Outbreak Investigation
20.1 Background
20.2 Investigatory Steps
Chapter Addendum 1 (Case Study): Drug-Disease Outbreak
Chapter Addendum 2 (Case Study): A Foodborne Outbreak in Rhynedale, California
Appendix 1. 95% Confidence Limits for Poisson Outbreak
Appendix 2. Tai; Areas of the Standard Normal (Z) Distribution
Appendix 3. Tai; Areas of Chi-Square Distributions
Appendix 4. Case Study: Cigarette Smoking and Lung Cancer
Appendix 5. Case Study: Tampons and Toxic Shock Syndrome

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >