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Epidemiology Kept Simple: An Introduction to Traditional and Modern Epidemiology / Edition 3
     

Epidemiology Kept Simple: An Introduction to Traditional and Modern Epidemiology / Edition 3

by B. Burt Gerstman
 

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ISBN-10: 1444336088

ISBN-13: 9781444336085

Pub. Date: 04/22/2013

Publisher: Wiley

Epidemiology Kept Simple introduces the epidemiological principles and methods that are increasingly important in the practice of medicine and public health. With minimum use of technical language it fully explains terminology, concepts, and techniques associated with traditional and modern epidemiology. Topics include disease causality, epidemiologic

Overview

Epidemiology Kept Simple introduces the epidemiological principles and methods that are increasingly important in the practice of medicine and public health. With minimum use of technical language it fully explains terminology, concepts, and techniques associated with traditional and modern epidemiology. Topics include disease causality, epidemiologic measures, descriptive epidemiology, study design, clinical and primary prevention trials, observational cohort studies, case-control studies, and the consideration of random and systematic error in studies of causal factors. Chapters on the infectious disease process, outbreak investigation, and screening for disease are also included. The latter chapters introduce more advanced biostatistical and epidemiologic techniques, such as survival analysis, Mantel-Haenszel techniques, and tests for interaction.

This third edition addresses all the requirements of the American Schools of Public Health (ASPH) Epidemiological Competencies, and provides enhanced clarity and readability on this difficult subject. Updated with new practical exercises, case studies and real world examples, this title helps you develop the necessary tools to interpret epidemiological data and prepare for board exams, and now also includes review questions at the end of each chapter.

Epidemiology Kept Simple continues to provide an introductory guide to the use of epidemiological methods for graduate and undergraduate students studying public health, health education and nursing, and for all practicing health professionals seeking professional development. 

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781444336085
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
04/22/2013
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
478
Sales rank:
800,802
Product dimensions:
6.80(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.70(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Statistical Notation
Preface to the Second Edition (Epidemiology Kept What?)
Preface to the First Edition (Who Studies Epidemiology and Why They Bother)
Acknowledgments
1. Epidemiology Past and Present
1.1 Epidemiology, Public Health, and Health
1.2 Uses of Epidemiology
1.3 Epidemiologic Transition
1.4 Selected Historical Figures and Events
2. Disease and Causal Concepts
2.1 Natural History of Disease
2.2 The Spectrum of Disease and "The Iceberg"
2.3 Causal Concepts
2.4 Epidemiologic Variables
3. The Infectious Disease Process
3.1 Reasons to Study the Infectious Disease Process
3.2 The Infectious Disease Process
3.3 Herd Immunity
4. Screening for Disease
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Reproducibility
4.3 Validity
4.4 Relation Between Prevalence of Disease and Predictive Value of a Test
4.5 Selecting a Cutoff for Positive and Negative Test Results
Chapter Addendum (Case Study): Screening for Antibodies to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus
5. Case Definitions and Disease Classification
5.1 Case Definitions
5.2 The International Classification of Disease
5.3 Artifactual Fluctuations in Reported Rates
6. Incidence and Prevalence
6.1 Background
6.2 Incidence Proportion (Risk, Cumulative Incidence)
6.3 Incidence Rate (Incidence Density)
6.4 Prevalence
7. Rate Adjustment
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Direct Adjustment
7.3 Indirect Adjustment
7.4 Adjustment for Multiple Factors
8. 8. Measures of Association and Potential Impact
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Absolute Measures of Association
8.3 Relative Measures of Association
8.4 Measures of Potential Impact
9. Types of Epidemiologic Studies
9.1 Stages of Study and Hypothesis Statement
9.2 Taxonomy of Study Design
9.3 Descriptive Studies vs. Analytic Studies
10. Experimental Studies
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Selected Concepts
10.3 Clinical Trials as a Point of Reference
11. Observational Studies
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Aggregate-Level (Ecological) Studies
11.3 Cross-Sectional Studies
11.4 Cohort Studies
11.5 Case-Control Studies
11.6 Comparison of Randomized Trials, Cohort Studies, and Case-Control Studies
12. Types of Errors in Epidemiologic Research
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Random Error
12.3 Systematic Error
13 Confidence Intervals and p Values
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Confidence Intervals
13.3 p Values
13.4 Minimum Bayes Factors
14. Mantel-Haenszel Methods
14.1 Ways to Prevent Confounding
14.2 Simpson's Paradox
14.3 Mantel-Haenszel Methods for Risk Ratios
14.4 mantel-Haenszel Methods for Other Measures of Association
15. Statistical Interaction
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Chi-Square Test for Statistical Interaction
15.3 A Strategy for Stratified Analysis
16. From Association to Causation
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Report of the Advisory Committee to the U.S. Surgeon General, 1964
16.3 Hill's Framework
17. Survival Analysis
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Stratifying Rates by Follow-up Time
17.3 Actuarial Method of Survival Analysis
17.4 Kaplan-Meier Method of Survival Analysis
17.5 Comparing the Survival Experience of Two Groups
18. Current Life Tables
18.1 Introduction
18.2 Complete Life Table
18.3 Abridged Life Table
19. Random Distribution of Cases in Time and Space
19.1 Introduction
19.2 The Poisson Distribution
19.3 Goodness of Fit
20. Outbreak Investigation
20.1 Background
20.2 Investigatory Steps
Chapter Addendum 1 (Case Study): Drug-Disease Outbreak
Chapter Addendum 2 (Case Study): A Foodborne Outbreak in Rhynedale, California
Appendix 1. 95% Confidence Limits for Poisson Outbreak
Appendix 2. Tai; Areas of the Standard Normal (Z) Distribution
Appendix 3. Tai; Areas of Chi-Square Distributions
Appendix 4. Case Study: Cigarette Smoking and Lung Cancer
Appendix 5. Case Study: Tampons and Toxic Shock Syndrome

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