Epilepsy and the Ketogenic Diet / Edition 1

Epilepsy and the Ketogenic Diet / Edition 1

by Carl E. Stafstrom
     
 

Recent advances in our understanding of the ketogenic diet (KD)-a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, adequate-protein diet used for the treatment of medically intractable epilepsy-have produced a resurgence of interest in, and application of, this valuable treatment for the epileptic patient. In Epilepsy and the Ketogenic Diet, internationally recognized researchers and

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Overview

Recent advances in our understanding of the ketogenic diet (KD)-a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, adequate-protein diet used for the treatment of medically intractable epilepsy-have produced a resurgence of interest in, and application of, this valuable treatment for the epileptic patient. In Epilepsy and the Ketogenic Diet, internationally recognized researchers and clinicians from around the world synthesize the current state of the science and clinical practice of the KD. On the basic science side, the authors review what is known about the basic biochemical mechanisms of action of the KD at the molecular level, spelling out in detail its complex interactions with nutrient components, neurodevelopment, brain biochemistry, and physiology. They also examine the effects of the KD on the metabolism of fats, amino acids, and carbohydrates in the central nervous system at both the macro and cellular levels. On the clinical side, physicians, dietitians, and nurses provide a full range of information concerning the treatment of seizures with KD, including a detailed assessment of the indications for, and the contraindications and/or complications that arise from its use, detailed equations that permit the caregiver to calculate the actual amounts of different types of foods that can be included in daily diet plans, and documented information on the carbohydrate and calorie content of hundreds of commonly used drugs. Numerous relevant tables, graphs, and figures, as well as up-to-date references, consistent use of terms across chapters, and a highly annotated index ensure easy access to needed information.

Illuminating and highly practical, Epilepsy and the Ketogenic Diet constitutes a unique benchmark synthesis of up-to-date clinical and scientific information that explains the mechanisms behind the KD and how its maximum therapeutic benefits may be realized in the epileptic patient with minimal adverse effects.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781617374777
Publisher:
Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
Publication date:
11/09/2010
Series:
Nutrition and Health Series
Edition description:
Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2004
Pages:
355
Product dimensions:
0.77(w) x 7.00(h) x 10.00(d)

Table of Contents

Part I. Background

An Introduction to Seizures and Epilepsy: Cellular Mechanisms Underlying Classification and Treatment
Carl E. Stafstrom

History and Origin of the Ketogenic Diet
James W. Wheless

Part II. Clinical Aspects

The Ketogenic Diet: The Physician's Perspective
Eric H. Kossoff and John M. Freeman

Clinical Use of the Ketogenic Diet: The Dietitian's Role
Beth Zupec-Kania, Rhonda Roell Werner, and Mary L. Zupanc

How to Maintain and Support a Ketogenic Diet Program: A Nursing Perspective
Jeri E. Nichols Sutherling and Danine Mele-Hayes

Efficacy of the Ketogenic Diet
James E. Rubenstein and Eileen P. G. Vining

The Ketogenic Diet in Adults
Michael R. Sperling and Maromi Nei

Indications and Contraindications of the Ketogenic Diet
Anna Gunhild Christina Bergqvist

Complications of the Ketogenic Diet
Karen R. Ballaban-Gil

Measuring and Interpreting Ketosis and Fatty Acid Profiles in Patients on a High-Fat Ketogenic Diet
Kathy Musa-Veloso and Stephen C. Cunnane

Insights From Neuroimaging Studies Into Ketosis and the Ketogenic Diet
Jullie W. Pan

Potential Applications of the Ketogenic Diet in Disorders Other Than Epilepsy
Rif S. El-Mallakh

Dietary Treatments for Epilepsy Other Than the Ketogenic Diet
Carl E. Stafstrom and Gregory L. Holmes

Part III. Basic Science Perspectives

Effects of the Ketogenic Diet on Cerebral Energy Metabolism
Douglas R. Nordli, Jr. and Darryl C. De Vivo

The Ketogenic Diet: Interactions With Brain Amino Acid Handling
Marc Yudkoff, Yevgeny Daikhin, Ilana Nissim, and Itzhak Nissim

Molecular Regulation of Ketogenesis
Tim E. Cullingford

The Effects of Ketone Bodies on Neuronal Excitability
Sergei S. Likhodii and W. McIntyre Burnham

Effects of the Ketogenic Diet on Acute Seizure Models
Douglas A. Eagles and Kristopher J. Bough

Caloric Restriction and Epilepsy: Historical Perspectives, Relationship to the Ketogenic Diet, and Analysis in Epileptic EL Mice
Thomas N. Seyfried, Amanda E. Greene, and Mariana T. Todorova

The Role of Norepinephrine in the Anticonvulsant Mechanism of Action of the Ketogenic Diet
Patricia Szot

Galanin and Neuropeptide Y: Orexigenic Neuropeptides Link Food Intake, Energy Homeostasis, and Seizure Susceptibility
David Weinshenker

The Neuroprotective and Antiepileptogenic Effects of the Ketogenic Diet
Jong M. Rho

Afterword: A Parent's Perspective on Childhood Epilepsy: The Things I Wish They Had Told Us
Jim Abrahams

Epilogue
Carl E. Stafstrom and Jong M. Rho

Appendix A: The Carbohydrate and Caloric Content of Drugs
George Karvelas, Denis Lebel, and Lionel Carmant

Appendix B: Ketogenic Diet Resources
Carl E. Stafstrom and Jong M. Rho

Index

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