Ergonomics in Back Pain: A Guide to Prevention and Rehabilitation / Edition 1

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Overview

Back pain is a leading cause of suffering, high medical costs, and loss of productivity in the workplace. Through a multidisciplinary approach, this book addresses the widespread problem of musculoskeletal injuries in general and lower back injury in particular. It presents the principles of ergonomics and bioengineering and their application to the prevention and rehabilitation of lower back injuries. Special attention is given to ergonomic methodologies such as human performance analysis and functional capacity assessment. Ways to structure workplaces and job tasks so as to minimize stresses to the back and improve productivity are presented. Case studies and population profiles are drawn from ergonomic research performed at the Comprehensive Pain and Rehabilitation Center at the University of Miami. The authors discuss the origins of low back pain, events that lead to injury, and the consequences to employers. Back pain is correlated with specific occupational factors. Nearly 150 illustrations further these discussions. Among the important preventive and therapeutic measures explored are:
* Bodymechanics education and muscle reeducation
* Workplace design and biomechanics
* Functional electrical stimulation, electromyography, and biofeedback
* Management of low back pain during rehabilitation and post-rehabilitation stages Extensive epidemiological data show the devastating effects of low back pain on the economy, industry, and healthcare delivery. Also examined are the role of medical personnel in the evaluation and treatment of back pain and the contributions that can be made by an ergonomist who is part of a multidisciplinary healthcare delivery team. Ergonomics in Back Pain is intended for use by ergonomists, physicians, physical therapists, occupational therapists, vocational counselors, chiropractors, osteopaths, and rehabilitation medicine specialists, as well as by engineers, workplace designers, and people working on the implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Through a multidisciplinary approach, this guide presents the principles of ergonomics and bioengineering and their application to the prevention and rehabilitation of lower back injuries. Special attention is given to ergonomic methodologies such as human performance analysis and functional capacity assessment. Ways to structure workplaces and job tasks so as to minimize stresses to the back and improve productivity are presented. Case studies and population profiles are drawn from ergonomic research performed at the Comprehensive Pain and Rehabilitation Center at the U. of Miami. Thoroughly illustrated. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780471285441
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 6/28/1993
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 223
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.29 (h) x 0.79 (d)

Meet the Author

About the Authors Tarek M. Khalil, Ph.D., P.E., is Chairman of the Department of Industrial Engineering and Professor of Industrial Engineering Biomedical Engineering, Neurological Surgery, and Epidemiology and Public Health, as well as Chief of the Ergonomics Division of the Comprehensive Pain and Rehabilitation Center, at the University of Miami, Florida. Elsayed M. Abdel-Moty, Ph.D., is Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Industrial Engineering and Clinical Supervisor of the Ergonomics Division of the Comprehensive Pain and Rehabilitation Center, at the University of Miami, Florida. Renee S. Rosomoff, R.N., M.B.A., C.R.N., is Adjunct Associate Professor of Neurological Surgery and Programs Director of the Comprehensive Pain and Rehabilitation Center, at the University of Miami, Florida. Hubert L. Rosomoff, M.D., D.Med.Sc., is Chairman of the Department of Neurological Surgery in the School of Medicine and Medical Director of the Comprehensive Pain and Rehabilitation Center at the University of Miami, Florida

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Table of Contents

Ch. 1 Ergonomics: Definition and Scope 1
Ch. 2 Low Back Pain 8
Ch. 3 Low Back Pain Management and the Role of Ergonomics 35
Ch. 4 Principles and Methods of Ergonomic Job Analysis and Workplace Design 55
Ch. 5 Principles and Methods of Interventions Through Postural Correction 73
Ch. 6 Principles and Methods of Interventions Through Biomechanical Approaches to Stress Reduction 87
Ch. 7 Principles and Methods of Interventions Through Knowledge and Awareness of Body Mechanics 94
Ch. 8 Principles and Methods of Interventions Through the Evaluation of Human Characteristics 101
Ch. 9 Principles and Methods of Interventions Through Biofeedback, Muscle Reeducation, and Functional Electric Stimulation 147
Ch. 10 Principles and Methods of Interventions Through Work Conditioning and Work Hardening 152
Ch. 11 Applications and Case Studies of Ergonomic 154
Appendix A: Conversion Factors 208
Appendix B: Constants and Multipliers 213
Appendix C: Definitions and Formulas 214
Appendix D: Body Weight Segments 217
Appendix E: Key To Job Demands 218
Index 219
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