ESD: Design and Synthesis / Edition 1

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Overview

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) continues to impact semiconductor components and systems as technologies scale from micro- to nano-electronics.

This book studies electrical overstress, ESD, and latchup from a whole-chip ESD design synthesis approach. It provides a clear insight into the integration of ESD protection networks from a generalist perspective, followed by examples in specific technologies, circuits, and chips. Uniquely both the semiconductor chip integration issues and floorplanning of ESD networks are covered from a ‘top-down' design approach.

Look inside for extensive coverage on:

  • integration of cores, power bussing, and signal pins in DRAM, SRAM, CMOS image processing chips, microprocessors, analog products, RF components and how the integration influences ESD design and integration
  • architecturing of mixed voltage, mixed signal, to RF design for ESD analysis
  • floorplanning for peripheral and core I/O designs, and the implications on ESD and latchup
  • guard ring integration for both a ‘bottom-up' and ‘top-down' methodology addressing I/O guard rings, ESD guard rings, I/O to I/O, and I/O to core
  • classification of ESD power clamps and ESD signal pin circuitry, and how to make the correct choice for a given semiconductor chip
  • examples of ESD design for the state-of-the-art technologies discussed, including CMOS, BiCMOS, silicon on insulator (SOI), bipolar technology, high voltage CMOS (HVCMOS), RF CMOS, and smart power
  • practical methods for the understanding of ESD circuit power distribution, ground rule development, internal bus distribution, current path analysis, quality metrics

ESD: Design and Synthesis is a continuation of the author's series of books on ESD protection. It is an essential reference for: ESD, circuit, and semiconductor engineers; design synthesis team leaders; layout design, characterisation, floorplanning, test and reliability engineers; technicians; and groundrule and test site developers in the manufacturing and design of semiconductor chips.

It is also useful for graduate and undergraduate students in electrical engineering, semiconductor sciences, and manufacturing sciences, and on courses involving the design of ESD devices, chips and systems. This book offers a useful insight into the issues that confront modern technology as we enter the nano-electronic era.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470685716
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/10/2011
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 290
  • Product dimensions: 6.80 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

About the Author.

Preface.

Acknowledgements.

1 ESD Design Synthesis.

1.1 ESD Design Synthesis and Architecture Flow.

1.2 ESD Design - The Signal Path and the Alternate Current Path.

1.3 ESD Electrical Circuit and Schematic Architecture Concepts.

1.4 Mapping Semiconductor Chips and ESD Design.

1.5 ESD Chip Architecture and ESD Test Standards.

1.6 ESD Testing.

1.7 ESD Chip Architecture and ESD Alternative Current Path.

1.8 ESD Networks, Sequencing and Chip Architecture.

1.9 ESD Design Synthesis - Latchup-Free ESD Networks.

1.10 ESD Design Concepts - Buffering - Inter-Device.

1.11 ESD Design Concepts - Ballasting - Inter-Device.

1.12 ESD Design Concepts - Ballasting - Intra-Device.

1.13 ESD Design Concepts - Distributed Load Techniques.

1.14 ESD Design Concepts - Dummy Circuits.

1.15 ESD Design Concepts - Power Supply De-coupling.

1.16 ESD Design Concepts - Feedback Loop De-Coupling.

1.17 ESD Layout and Floorplan-Related Concepts.

1.18 ESD Design Concepts - Analog Circuit Techniques.

1.19 ESD Design Concepts - Wire Bonds.

1.20 Design Rules.

1.21 Summary and Closing Comments.

Problems.

References.

2 ESD Architecture and Floorplanning.

2.1 ESD Design Floorplan.

2.2 Peripheral I/O Design.

2.3 Lumped ESD Power Clamp in Peripheral I/O Design Architecture.

2.4 Lumped ESD Power Clamp in Peripheral I/O Design Architecture Master/Slave ESD Power Clamp System.

2.5 Array I/O.

2.6 ESD Architecture - Dummy Bus Architecture.

2.7 Native Voltage Power Supply Architecture.

2.8 Mixed-Voltage Architecture.

2.9 Mixed-Signal Architecture.

2.10 Mixed-System Architecture - Digital and Analog CMOS.

2.11 Mixed-Signal Architecture - Digital, Analog, and RF Architecture.

2.12 Summary and Closing Comments.

Problems.

References.

3 ESD Power Grid Design.

3.1 ESD Power Grid.

3.2 Semiconductor Chip Impedance.

3.3 Interconnect Failure and Dynamic On-Resistance.

3.4 Interconnect Wire and Via Guidelines.

3.5 ESD Power Grid Resistance.

3.6 Power Grid Layout Design.

3.7 ESD Specification Power Grid Considerations.

3.8 Power Grid Design Synthesis - ESD Design Rule Checking Methods.

3.9 Summary and Closing Comments.

Problems.

References.

4 ESD Power Clamp.

4.1 ESD Power Clamps.

4.2 Design Synthesis of ESD Power Clamps.

4.3 Design Synthesis of ESD Power Clamps - The ESD Power Clamp Shunting Element.

4.4 ESD Power Clamp Issues.

4.5 ESD Power Clamp Design.

4.6 ESD Power Clamp Design Synthesis - Bipolar ESD Power Clamps.

4.7 Master/Slave ESD Power Clamp Systems.

4.8 Summary and Closing Comments.

Problems.

References.

5 ESD Signal Pin Network Design and Synthesis.

5.1 ESD Signal Pin Structures.

5.2 ESD Signal Input Structures - ESD and Bond Pads Layout.

5.3 ESD Design Synthesis and Layout of MOSFETs.

5.4 ESD Design Synthesis and Layout of Diodes.

5.5 ESD Design Synthesis of SCRs.

5.6 ESD Design Synthesis and Layout of Resistors.

5.7 ESD Design Synthesis of Inductors.

5.8 Summary and Closing Comments.

Problems.

References.

6 Guard Ring Design and Synthesis.

6.1 Guard Ring Design and Integration.

6.2 Guard Ring Characterization.

6.3 Semiconductor Chip Guard Ring Seal.

6.4 I/O to Core Guard Rings.

6.5 I/O to I/O Guard Rings.

6.6 Within I/O Guard Rings.

6.7 ESD Signal Pin Guard Rings.

6.8 Library Element Guard Rings.

6.9 Mixed-Signal Guard Rings - Digital to Analog.

6.10 Mixed-Voltage Guard Rings - High Voltage to Low Voltage.

6.11 Passive and Active Guard Rings.

6.12 Trench Guard Rings.

6.13 TSV Guard Rings

6.14 Guard Ring DRC.

6.15 Guard Ring and Computer Aided Design Methods.

6.16 Summary and Closing Comments.

Problems.

References.

7 ESD Full-Chip Design Integration and Architecture.

7.1 Design Synthesis and Integration.

7.2 Digital Design.

7.3 Custom Design vs. Standard Cell Design.

7.4 Memory ESD Design.

7.5 Microprocessor ESD Design.

7.6 Application-Specific Integrated Circuits.

7.7 CMOS Image Processing Chip Design.

7.8 Mixed-Signal Architecture.

7.9 Summary and Closing Comments.

Problems.

References.

Index.

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Sort by: Showing all of 5 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted March 1, 2011

    Highly Recommended for ESD engineers

    ESD: Design and Synthesis is a unique text. This book provides a bird's eye view of the ESD protection design process. Dr. Voldman is an experienced author, and this work shows his insight into the field. With characteristic ease, Dr. Voldman expounds on the basics of ESD protection before moving on to advanced topics such as floorplanning and design integration. This work covers an area which is not typically covered by other authors. I highly recommend this text for ESD engineers who are looking to deepen their understanding of this fascinating subject.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 18, 2012

    A useful book in ESD!Highly recommend!

    Beyond doubt,it is a great in the field of ESD!When I first get it, I'm affected by the well-organized structures and lively words which motivate me to read through the way to the end.This book covers key issues in ESD design from the aspect of view of chip level and architecture.In the power clamp chapter, he uses many practical application which we can directly use in our design and some powerful diagrams and precise descriptions.And other chapters tell us some key design issues in ESD design like floorplanning and power grid, and he uses some analogy in it, which makes it easy for learners.Also some significant issues like latch-up and overstress have been described specifically.In all, this book is really excellent, and I highly recommend it to all IC circuit and system designers, and engineers in ESD field

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 18, 2012

    A useful ESD book!

    This is a useful ESD book and desert to be a guideline to beginners who study device~

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  • Posted May 22, 2011

    A GREAT book on ESD design and synthesis. Highly recommended!

    This is another great book in the ESD book series by Dr. S. Voldman. It covers the most up to date materials by the publication time. It is very well-written and well-organized. I find this book particularly valuable for the following reasons. The book focuses is on chip level design issues and provides architectural perspectives, while covering ESD design techniques and methodologies comprehensively. Readers can gain important circuit and chip design insights in addition to ESD knowledge. The approaches covered in this book are portable to a variety of technologies and applications. This makes one's study very efficient. Floor planning and power grid chapters provide practical guidance while the presentation is very rigorous. Like other books in this series, there are many examples which can be used directly in one's own design. Power clamp, signal pad and guard ring chapters cover the most important issues and techniques in designing these key elements to ensure the on-chip ESD and latchup robustness. Also importantly, there are many sections focusing on how to adopt ESD design techniques in modern CAD-enabled design. Even some p-cell codes are included in Chapter 6. I highly recommend this book to all IC circuit, system designers and ESD, reliability engineers.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 18, 2012

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