An Essay on the Influence of Authority in Matters of Opinion

An Essay on the Influence of Authority in Matters of Opinion

by George Cornewall Lewis
     
 

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Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally…  See more details below

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Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781313566353
Publisher:
HardPress Publishing
Publication date:
01/28/2013
Pages:
450
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.91(d)

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independently of our own conviction founded upon appropriate reasoning. When any one forms an opinion on a question either of speculation or practice, without any appropriate process of reasoning, really or apparently leading to that conclusion, and without compulsion or inducement of interest, but simply because some other persons, whom he believes to be competent judges on the matter, entertain that opinion, he is said to have formed his opinion upon authority. If he is convinced by a legitimate process of reasoning as by studying a scientific treatise on the subject his opinion does not rest upon authority. Or if he adopts any opinion, either sincerely or professedly, from motives of interest, or from fear of persecution, he does not found his opinion upon authority. He who believes upon authority, entertains the opinion simply because it is entertained by a person who appears to him likely to think correctly on the subject. Whenever, in the course of this Essay, I speak of the sunt leges, decreta senatus, responsa prudentum, res prseclare gestae, sententise clarorum virorum." See Cic. Top. c. xix. An auctor meant the originator or creator of anything. Hence Virgil speaks of the deified Augustus as " Auctorem frugum tem- pestatumque potentem," (Georg. i. 27;) and Sallust says that unequal glory attends " Scriptorem et auctorem rerum," (Cat. c. ii.) Hence any person who determines our belief, even as a witness, is called an auctor. Thus Tacitus, in quoting Julius Caesar as a witness with respect to the former state of the Gauls, calls him " Summus auctorum," (Germ. c. 28,) i. e., the highest of authorities. As writers, particularly of history, were the authorities for facts, "auctor" came to mean a writer. Hence Juvenal speaks of a preceptor of the Roman youth ...

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