Essays on Philosophy, the Sciences, and Their History

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What are the relationships between philosophy and the history of philosophy, the history of science and the philosophy of science? How can they be placed in relation to each other? This volume presents a selection of essays by Lorenz Krüger (1932-1994);in addition toreflections on the fundamental relationship between philosophy, the sciences and their history, it also contains case studies on Locke and Kant, on the dynamics of scientific progress, and on the notion of truth. Key Features Krüger wasa foundingdirector of the Max-Planck-Institutefor the History of Sciences His biography and research combine physics and philosophy Collection of Krüger's most important publications Includes among others central discussions to the formation of scientific theories

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Lorenz Krüger (1932-1994) was Professor of Philosophy at the University of Bielefeld, Germany, the Free University of Berlin, Germany, and the University of Göttingen, Germany. Since 1992, he was head of the "Centre of the History and Theory of Sciences" in Berlin. Krüger also wasa founding director of the Max-Planck-Institute of the History of Sciences, Berlin, Germany.

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Table of Contents

Why does history matter to philosophy and the sciences? : editors' introduction 1
I Three philosophical classics
1 Did Kant aim to prove the completeness of his table of judgments? (1968) 21
2 Was John Locke an empiricist? (1970) 45
3 Probability in Leibniz (1981) 63
II Scientific theories : their relations and their development
1 Intertheoretic relations as a tool for the rational reconstruction of scientific development (1980) 79
2 Reduction as a problem : some remarks on the history of statistical mechanics from a philosophical point of view (1980) 93
3 Unity of science and cultural pluralism (1981) 119
III Indeterminism in explanation and causation
1 Are statistical explanations possible? (1976) 137
2 Causality and freedom (1992) 155
IV Realism and its histories
1 Matter for us and in itself - what are primary properties? (1989) 169
2 Does progress in science lead to truth? (1991) 187
3 Has the correspondence theory of truth been refuted? : from Gottlob Frege to Donald Davidson (1995) 201
V Philosophy, the sciences, and their history
1 Does a science need knowledge of its history? (1978) 221
2 Why do we study the history of philosophy? (1984) 231
3 How philosophy and science came to differ (1988) 255
List of publications by Lorenz Kruger 269
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