Essential Atlas of Physics and Chemistry

Overview

Newest in Barron's series of popular illustrated science reference guides, the Essential Atlas of Physics and Chemistry explains fundamental principles of both sciences and shows how they relate to one another. Text and illustrations are combined in an easy-to-understand yet scientifically accurate context. The related concepts of energy and heat are explained in terms of their uses in both simple and complex machines. Also explained are the characteristics of liquids, gases, and solids. Other subjects covered ...

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Overview

Newest in Barron's series of popular illustrated science reference guides, the Essential Atlas of Physics and Chemistry explains fundamental principles of both sciences and shows how they relate to one another. Text and illustrations are combined in an easy-to-understand yet scientifically accurate context. The related concepts of energy and heat are explained in terms of their uses in both simple and complex machines. Also explained are the characteristics of liquids, gases, and solids. Other subjects covered are the characteristics of sound, light, electricity and magnetism, atomic structure, the periodic table of elements, and simple chemical reactions. Full-color photos, artwork, and diagrams on every page complement clear textual descriptions.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780764127137
  • Publisher: Barron's Educational Series, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 9/13/2004
  • Series: Essential Atlas Series
  • Pages: 96
  • Sales rank: 774,695
  • Product dimensions: 8.25 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.25 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 6
Forces and Their Effects 10
What Causes a Force? 10
Force Defined 10
Hooke's Law 10
The Vector Nature of Forces 11
Representing a Force 11
Measure and Moment of Forces 11
How Do Several Forces Work Together? 12
The Additive Nature of Forces 12
Forces Applied at a Single Point 12
Parallel Forces 13
The Decomposition of a Force 13
Forces at a Distance 14
The Law of Universal Gravitation 14
Gravity 14
Weight 14
Magnetic, Electrostatic, Electromagnetic, and Nuclear Forces 15
Simple Machines 16
The Lever 16
Pulleys and Winches 17
The Inclined Plane and the Screw 17
Motion 18
Reference Systems 18
When Does Motion Occur? 18
The Relativity of Motion 18
Reference Point 19
Reference System 19
The Principle of Relativity 19
Elements That Characterize Motion 20
Kinematics, Position, Trajectory, and Displacement 20
Mean Velocity and Acceleration 21
Types of Motion 22
Trajectory and Velocity 22
Rectilinear Motion 23
The Motion of Falling Bodies 23
Vibratory Motion 23
Uniform Circular Motion 24
Acceleration 24
Pendular Motion 25
Periodic Motions 25
The Composition of Motions 26
Horizontal Motion and Oblique Motion 26
Perpendicular Vibratory Motions 26
Same Frequency and Maximum Expansion 27
Same Frequency and Different Expansion 27
Different Frequency 27
Force and Motion 28
Newton's Principles 28
The Acceleration of Gravity 28
The Force of Friction 29
Rope Tension 29
Energy 30
Work, Power, and Energy 30
Energy and Types (Fossil, Renewable) 31
Mechanical Energy 32
Gravitational Potential Energy 32
Kinetic Energy 32
Quantity of Motion 33
Elastic and Inelastic Impacts 33
The Conservation of Energy 34
The Conservation of Mechanical Energy 34
Calculating Velocities and Heights 34
Work as an Energy Modifier 34
Is Energy Really Invariable? 35
Heat, a Source of Energy 36
Transforming Work into Heat and Heat into Work 36
Thermal Machines 36
Steam Engines 37
Internal Combustion Engines 37
The Effects of Heat 38
Expansion 38
The Heating of Objects 39
Heat Absorbed by an Object 39
Fluids 40
Characteristics of Liquids 40
Forces of Cohesion 40
Liquids and Containers 40
Surface Tension 41
Capillarity and Viscosity 41
The Theorems of Pascal and Archimedes 42
Density and Pressure 42
Communicating Vessels 42
Flotation 43
Gases 44
The Pressure-Volume Relationship 44
Absolute Temperatures 44
Ideal Gas Law 45
Atmospheric Pressure and Its Effects 45
Wave Motion 46
Characteristics of Waves 46
Types of Waves 46
Wavelength 47
Sound 48
Properties of Sound 49
Intensity of Sound 49
Tone and Timbre 49
Optics 50
The Nature of Light 50
How Does Light Move? 50
Shadow and Half-light (penumbra) 51
Mirrors 52
Types and Laws of Reflection 52
Types of Mirrors 52
Lenses 54
Refraction 54
Types of Lenses 54
Convergent and Divergent Lenses 55
Electricity 56
Electrostatic Phenomena 56
Types of Charges 56
Coulomb's Law 56
Intensity of Field 57
Electrical Potential 57
Electrical Current 58
What Creates the Difference in Potential? 58
Types of Current 58
Electrical Magnitudes 59
The Effects of Current 59
Magnetism and Electromagnetism 60
Magnets 60
Magnetic Induction 60
Current and Magnetism 61
The Law of the Right Hand 61
Matter 62
The Classification of Matter 62
Heterogeneous Mixtures 62
Homogeneous Materials 63
Pure Substances 63
Symbols and Formulas 63
Kinetic Theory 64
Solids 64
Liquids and Gases 65
Laws and Motion 65
What Is a Change of State? 66
Vapor Pressure 66
Fusion 66
Boiling 67
Evaporation and Boiling 67
Inside Matter 68
Atoms 68
Gases 68
What Are Atoms Like? 69
The Mole 69
Periodic Classification 70
The Periodic Table 70
Atomic Radius 70
Ionization Energy 70
Electroaffinity 70
Oxidation Number 71
Bonds 72
Chemical Bonds and Ionic Bonds 72
Types of Covalent Bonds 73
Metallic Bonds 73
Giant Structures 74
Ionic Solids and Covalent Solids 74
Diamonds 74
Graphite 75
Polymers 75
Mixtures 76
Types of Solutions 76
Variation in Solubility 77
Ways of Expressing Concentration 78
Suspensions and Gels 78
Emulsions 79
Foams and Aerosols 79
Pure Substances 80
Inorganic Substances 80
Oxides 80
Hydroxides 81
Acids 81
Salts 81
Carbon Compounds 82
Carbon Chains 82
Hydrocarbons 82
Compounds with Oxygen 83
Nitrogen Compounds 83
The Chemistry of Life 84
Carbohydrates 84
Polysaccharides 84
Lipids and Proteins 85
Chemical Changes 86
The Most Important Chemical Reactions 86
Mixtures and Chemical Reactions 86
Acid-Base Reactions 87
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 87
Combustion Reaction 87
Equilibrium Reactions 87
Energy in Chemical Reactions 88
Why Does Reaction Heat Exist? 88
Expansion Work 89
Electrical Energy 89
Electrolysis 89
Chemical Industries 90
Industry 90
Cement 90
Sodium Hydroxide 90
Ammonia and Polymers 91
Secrets for Discovery 92
Nuclear Fusion 92
Biogas 92
Magnetic Heating 92
Artificial Intelligence 93
Superconductors 93
Superfluids 93
Quantum Computers 93
Holographic Images 93
Alphabetical Subject Index 94
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