Essential Elements of Career Counseling: Processes and Techniques / Edition 3

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This accessible look at “how to do career counseling” clearly defines the profession and the competencies counselors need to pursue as part of their training. Straightforward and accessible, Essential Elements of Career Counseling focuses on the practice of career counseling, examined through the basic techniques and resources useful in supporting the theories of career choice and development. The use of the Internet as a career counseling tool is emphasized; emerging issues such as Web-based counseling are explored; and case studies illustrate authentic counseling strategies and techniques in action. This edition features a new look at such areas as using group counseling methods in job searches and using the resume to inspire the development of career stories, providing a highly practical look at the practice of career counseling today.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780132850643
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 2/21/2013
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 192
  • Sales rank: 138,248
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Norman Amundson is a professor of Counseling Psychology at the University of British Columbia. A leader in the field of career development, Amundson is a recipient of the Best Book Award from the Canadian Counseling Association for his book Active Engagement (Ergon Communications, 2003). His research focuses on counseling methods, unemployment, and changes in working life, while his numerous lectures, articles, workshops and seminars emphasize the importance of imagination, creativity, and action in the career counseling process.

JoAnn Harris-Bowlsbey has enjoyed a distinguished career, including positions as high school counselor, director of guidance, university professor and career counselor, developer of DISCOVER®, and Executive Director of ACT’s Educational Technology Center. She is currently Executive Vice-President of Development for Kuder, Inc., and in that role designs and develops content for Web-based career planning systems. She is the author or co-author of many journal articles and several books. She is a past-president of the National Career Development Association and a recipient of its Eminent Career Award.

Spencer G. Niles is professor and department head of Counselor Education in the Counseling Psychology and Rehabilitation Services Department at Pennsylvania State University.

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Table of Contents

1. Career Counseling: Myths, Realities, and Emerging Trends

2. Using Career Theories to Help Clients

3. Context and Career Planning

4. Negotiating the Career Counseling Relationship

5. Defining the Client’s Career Concerns

6. Exploring the Problem: Understanding the Self

7. Exploring the Problem: Contextual and Labor Market Options

8. Using Technology in Support of Career Counseling

9. Consolidation, Decision Making, and Action Planning

10. Implementing Action Plans

11. Evaluating Client Progress

12. Adapting Career Counseling to Counseling Setting

Appendix A: The National Career Development Association’s Career Counseling Competency and Performance Indicators

Appendix B: National Career Development Association Ethical Standards (Revised 2003)

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Over the years we have had the opportunity to develop programs and teach career counseling in many different settings. These settings include the school system, colleges and universities, unemployment centers, and immigrant transition services. All of these contexts present opportunities and challenges. What we have observed is that whatever the context, certain basic processes seem to define good career counseling.

In addition to our work within the United States and Canada, we have offered career counselor training in international contexts in both Europe and Asia. While there certainly were some cultural variables to be considered, there were some basic career counseling processes that seemed to fit a variety of intercultural contexts.

Our plan with this book is to focus on some of the basic career counseling processes that we have observed in our counselor training. We present information and a structure that is robust and, as such, can be widely applied. We also address some emerging issues such as Web-based counseling. To make the book more readable, we use case studies throughout.

Chapter 1 sets the foundation for the book. We affirm our belief in quality career counseling and explore various myths and emerging trends. In this chapter we define career counseling and outline the competencies that counselors need to pursue as part of their training agenda. As a supplement to this chapter we include the NCDA guidelines for competency standards and ethical guidelines as appendices at the back of the book.

A starting point in counselor training is usually a basic understanding of some career counseling theories. With this in mind, inChapter 2 we briefly examine the work of John Holland, Donald Super, and John Krumboltz, as well as some theorists within the constructivist tradition. For illustration purposes we begin with a case study and then look at how the counseling process would differ depending on one's theoretical position.

In Chapter 3 we make the case that career counseling is more than an individual activity. It is important to take account of both individual and contextual variables. Career planning must be imbedded within social and economic realities.

The first three chapters lay a foundation for the career counseling process. In Chapter 4 there is an emphasis on the importance of the counseling relationship and an exploration of various ways of facilitating the relationship. There also are suggestions for how to cope with client reluctance.

In Chapter 5 the focus is on different ways of elaborating a client's career concerns. Part of this process is to define client constraint statements and to specify a clear direction. One way to view client concerns is to use metaphors as a means of visualizing the problem.

Chapters 6 and 7 address the exploration process. In Chapter 6 special attention is given to different ways of self-exploration. Within this chapter are illustrations of different questioning methods, storytelling, metaphors and structured assessment techniques. Chapter 7 shifts the exploration process to more contextual and economic factors. There also is consideration of how'each person has his or her own personal labor market.

The impact of the World Wide Web on counseling is considerable, and in Chapter 8 we focus specifically on ways in which the Web can support career counseling practice. We discuss various websites for career assessment and information and also provide some guidelines for how to evaluate the quality of websites. In keeping with the process orientation of this book, we also explore ways of using the website in various counseling situations.

Chapters 9,10 and 11 move the counseling process forward from exploration to consolidation, decision making, action planning, evaluation, and follow-through. This is the point where information is brought together, decisions are made, and action plans are constructed. While this represents a specific counseling phase, it also is a time where sensitivity is needed to provide extra support and to revise plans when little progress is being made. The counseling process is not linear, and there needs to be a place for constant evaluation and adjustment.

In Chapter 12 we return to the issue of Web-based counseling and focus more specifically on the creation of virtual career centers. We discuss the components of a virtual career center, how local information needs to be incorporated, and ways of organizing the center for maximum effectiveness. Examples of sites are also provided.

The closing chapter, Chapter 13, briefly discusses some of the adaptations that need to be made to incorporate career counseling into various settings. In particular, we examine the school setting, the university, and different community contexts.

We hope we have accomplished our goals with this book. Most of our students have appreciated our practical emphasis on career counseling process and on the use of the Internet as a career counseling tool. In preparing the book we tried to present the material in a manner that is interesting, straightforward, and accessible to a wide range of people. We look forward to receiving your feedback about the material that we have included.

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