Essential Environment: The Science behind the Stories / Edition 4

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Overview

Essential Environment: The Science behind the Stories, Fourth Edition engages students with integrated central case studies that provide students with a tangible framework for understanding science in a brief 18-chapter book. Jay Withgott and new co-author Matt Laposata present the latest coverage of environmental science and introduce new FAQ sections to address common student misconceptions.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321752901
  • Publisher: Benjamin Cummings
  • Publication date: 9/26/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 480
  • Sales rank: 97,086
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Jay H. Withgott is a science and environmental writer with a background in scientific research and teaching. He holds degrees from Yale University, the University of Arkansas, and the University of Arizona. As a researcher, he has published scientific papers on topics in ecology, evolution, animal behavior, and conservation biology in journals including Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Evolution, and Animal Behavior. He has taught university-level laboratory courses in ecology, ornithology, vertebrate diversity, anatomy, and general biology.

As a science writer, Jay has authored articles for a variety of journals and magazines including Science, New Scientist, BioScience, Smithsonian, Current Biology, Conservation in Practice, and Natural History. He combines his scientific expertise with his past experience as a reporter and editor for daily newspapers to make science accessible and engaging for general audiences.

Jay lives with his wife, biologist Susan Masta, in Portland, Oregon.

Scott Brennan has taught environmental science, ecology, resource policy, and journalism at Western Washington University and at Walla Walla Community College. He has also worked as a journalist, photographer, and consultant.

Scott has cultivated his expertise in environmental science and public policy by serving as Campaign Director of Alaskans for Responsible Mining, as Executive Conservation Fellow of the National Parks Conservation Association in Washington, D.C., and as a consultant to the U.S. Department of Defense Environmental Security Office at the Pentagon. When not at work, Scott is likely to be found exploring the Chugach Mountains and the Bristol Bay drainages in southwest Alaska. He lives with his wife, Angela, and their dogs Raven and Hatcher, in south central Alaska’s Chester Creek Watershed.

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Table of Contents


Foundations of Environmental Science
An Introduction to Environmental Science     2
Our Island, Earth     3
The Nature of Environmental Science     7
The Nature of Science     10
Environmental Ethics     15
Environmental Economics and Environmental Policy     23
Central Case: San Diego and Tijuana's Sewage Pollution Problems and Policy Solutions     24
Economics: Approaches and Environmental Implications     24
Environmental Policy: An Overview     34
U.S. Environmental Policy     35
International Environmental Policy     40
The Environmental Policy Process     42
Approaches to Environmental Policy     44
Environmental Systems: Chemistry, Energy, and Ecosystems     48
Central Case: The Gulf of Mexico's "Dead Zone"     49
Earth's Environmental Systems     49
Chemistry and the Environment     52
Energy Fundamentals     58
How Environmental Systems Work     60
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology     75
Central Case: Striking Gold in a Costa Rican Cloud Forest     76
Evolution as the Wellspring of Earth's Biodiversity     76
Levels of Ecological Organization     83
Population Ecology     84
Species Interactions and Community Ecology     96
Central Case: Black and White, and Spread All Over: Zebra Mussels Invade the Great Lakes     97
Species Interactions     98
Ecological Communities     101
Earth's Biomes     111
Environmental Issues and the Search for Solutions
Human Population     122
Central Case: China's One-Child Policy     123
Human Population Growth: Baby 6 Billion and Beyond     123
Demography     126
Population and Society     132
Soil, Agriculture, and the Future of Food     141
Central Case: No-Till Agriculture in Southern Brazil     142
Soil: The Foundation for Agriculture     142
Soil Degradation and Conservation     145
The Race to Feed the World     151
Pests and Pollinators     153
Biotechnology and the Future of Food     156
Feedlot Agriculture: Livestock and Poultry     160
Sustainable Agriculture     164
Biodiversity and Conservation Biology     168
Central Case: Saving the Siberian Tiger     169
Our Planet of Life     169
Biodiversity Loss and Species Extinction      174
Benefits of Biodiversity     179
Conservation Biology: The Search for Solutions     181
Cities, Forests, and Parks: Land Use and Resource Management     191
Central Case: Managing Growth in Portland, Oregon     192
Our Urbanizing World     193
Creating Livable Cities     200
Forestry and Resource Management     205
Parks and Reserves     212
Environmental Health and Toxicology     217
Central Case: Alligators and Endocrine Disruptors at Lake Apopka, Florida     218
Environmental Health     218
Toxic Agents in the Environment     222
Studying Effects of Hazards     228
Risk Assessment and Risk Management     232
Philosophical and Policy Approaches     234
Freshwater and Marine Systems and Resources     239
Central Case: Plumbing the Colorado River     240
Freshwater Systems     240
How We Use Water     245
Solutions to Freshwater Depletion     251
Freshwater Pollution and Its Control     252
Marine Systems     257
Human Impact on the Oceans     262
Overfishing and Marine Conservation     263
Atmospheric Science, Air Pollution, and Global Climate Change     270
Central Case: Rising Temperatures and Seas May Take the Maldives Under     271
The Atmosphere     271
Outdoor Air Pollution     275
Indoor Air Pollution     285
Global Climate Change     288
Climate Change Estimates and Predictions     292
Reducing Emissions     296
Nonrenewable Energy Sources, Their Impacts, and Energy Conservation     300
Central Case: Oil or Wilderness on Alaska's North Slope?     301
Sources of Energy     302
Coal     305
Natural Gas     307
Oil     308
Impacts of Fossil Fuel Use     312
Energy Conservation     317
Nuclear Power     319
Renewable Energy Alternatives     328
Central Case: Iceland Moves toward a Hydrogen Economy     329
Renewable Energy Sources     330
Biomass Energy     332
Hydroelectric Power     335
Solar Energy     337
Wind Energy     340
Geothermal Energy     344
Ocean Energy Sources     345
Hydrogen     346
Waste Management     353
Central Case: Transforming New York's Fresh Kills Landfill     354
Approaches to Waste Management     354
Municipal Solid Waste     355
Industrial Solid Waste     364
Hazardous Waste     365
Epilogue Sustainable Solutions     372
Some Basics on Graphs     A-1
Metric System     B-1
Periodic Table of the Elements     C-1
Geologic Time Scale     D-1
Glossary     G-1
Credits     CR-1
Selected Sources and References     R-1
Index     I-1
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