Essential Guide to the Steel Square: Facts, Short-Cuts, and Problem-Solving Secrets for Carpenters, Woodworkers and Builders

Overview

Essentiial Guide to the Steel Square
Facts, Short-Cuts & Problem-Solving Secrets

Unlock the Secrets of a Timeless Tool of the Trade

For centuries, the steel square has been a mainstay in the toolbox of skilled craftsmen. In the hands of someone who knows how to use it, this simple tood can quickly solve countless construction and geometric problems involving angles, arcs, circles, and squares. Now, with ...

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Essential Guide to the Steel Square: Facts, Short-Cuts and Problem-Solving Secrets for Carpenters, Woodworkers & Builders

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Overview

Essentiial Guide to the Steel Square
Facts, Short-Cuts & Problem-Solving Secrets

Unlock the Secrets of a Timeless Tool of the Trade

For centuries, the steel square has been a mainstay in the toolbox of skilled craftsmen. In the hands of someone who knows how to use it, this simple tood can quickly solve countless construction and geometric problems involving angles, arcs, circles, and squares. Now, with the help the Essential Guide to the Steel Square and Ken Horner, author of the best -selling Woodworker's Essential Facts, Formulas, & Short- Cuts series, anyone can unlock the helpful secrets of this valuable, time-honored tool.

With 17 chapters packed with hundreds of clear illustrations and diagrams, skill-building exercises, and simple rules of thumb, this handy reference will show any curious carpenter, woodworker, or serious do-it-yourselfer how indispensable the steel square can be in building stairs, roofs, rafters, and practically everything else.

17 Chapters:
Introduction
History of the Steel Square
A Close Look at the Steel Square
Types of Sqaures
Testing for Square
Truing a Square
Porblem-Solving Techniques
Starirs
Roofs
Laying Out the Rafters
The Speed Square
Circles and Sqaure Problems
Laying Out Angles
Proportioning Problems
Arch, Arc, ellipse Problems
Cylinders and Cones: Sheet-Metal Problems

Ken Horner is a retired organic chemist and computer consultant who resides in Sunnyvale, California, deep in the heart of the SIlicon Valley. A Veteran woodworker, he is a member of the South Bay Woodworkers Association.

Also available from Cambium Press and Fox Chapel Piublishing:
Woodworker's Essential Facts, Formulas & Short-Cuts "Few book are for everyone. but this one is"
Christopher Schwarz Popular Woodworking

More Wooderker's Essential Facts, Formulas &Short-Cuts
A Main Selection of the Woodworker's Book Club

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Essential Guide to the Steel Square, by Ken Horner is a valuable reference for woodworkers, carpenters and builders who want to learn how to use the steel square, and offers hundreds of charts, illustrations and step-by-step exercises. The easy-to-understand guide illustrates how the steel square is used as a calculator to quickly solve hundreds of mathematical problems that builders, carpenters, roof rafters and woodworkers are faced with each day. Examples include determining board feet, figuring the bracing for post and beam construction, or changing hundredths of an inch to fractions. With clear illustrations, diagrams, skill-building exercises, and simple rules of thumb, this handy reference will show readers how indispensable the steel square can be in building stairs, roof rafters and more.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781565233423
  • Publisher: Fox Chapel Publishing Company, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/28/2007
  • Series: Woodworker's Essentials and More Series
  • Pages: 181
  • Sales rank: 339,044
  • Product dimensions: 8.00 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Ken Horner is a retired organic chemist and computer consultant who resides in Sunnyvale, California, deep in the heart of the Silicon Valley. A veteran woodworker, he is a member of the South Bay Woodworkers Association.

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction 1
Square and True 2
The Modern Steel Square 3

Chapter 2. History of the Steel Square 4
Making Tools in Colonial America 5
Making Steel Tools 8
Making Metal Squares 10
Eagle Square Company 11
Sears, Eagle, and Stanley 14

Chapter 3. A Close Look at the Steel Square 15
Right Triangle 16
Area of the Right Triangle 16
Length of Diagonal 16
Circumference 16
Angles on the Calculator 16
Describing the Square 17

Chapter 4. Types of Squares 20
Try Square 20
Try-Miter Square 23
Combination Square 23
Framing Sqaure 23
Speed Square 24

Chapter 5. Testing for Square 25
Check Against a Standard 26
Use a Straight Edge 27
Checking Two Squares 27
Use the Mirror Image 28
Check a 45 (degree) Speed Square 28

Chapter 6. Truing a Square 30
Steel Squares 30
Machinist's Square 31
Try Square 32
Speed Square 32

Chapter 7. Problem-Solving Techniques 34
The Right Triangle 35
Ratio and Proportion 35
Fences for the Steel Square 36
Using the Adjustable Arm 37
Pulley Sizes and Speed 37
Using the Proportioning Line 38
Comparing Circles and Squares 38
Using the Diagonal 39
Combining Two Circles 39
Square Attachments 40
A Makeshift Level 41
Construct a Protractor 42

Chapter 8. Using the Scales on a Square 43
Essex Board Feet Measure 43
Finding Board Feet 44
Board Feet in Thick Plank 45
Board Feet in Long Plank 45
Brace Measure 46
Brace Length 47
Long Brace Length 48
Hundredths Scale 48
Decimal to Fraction 49
Diagonal Scale 49
Hundredths of an Inch 49
Octagonal Table or Eight -Square Scale 50
Square to Octagon 50

Chapter 9. Stairs 52
Stairways Design Considerations 53
General Stair Rules (Residential) 53
Stair Ratio 55
Stairway Types 56
Designing a staircase 57
The Steel Square in Stair Design 58
Staircase Layout 59
Find the Number of Risers 60
Find the Unit Rise 61
Find the Number of Treads 61
Find the Tread Depth 62
Find the Total Run 62
Final Staircase Dimensions 62
Marking the Stringer 63
Stair and Baluster Problems 63
Building a Ladder Stair 63
Baluster Spacing 66
Spacing Staircase Balusters 67
Spacing Balusters with a Story Pole 68

Chapter 10. Roofs 70
Roof Types 70
The Theory of Roof Framing 72
Rafter Measurement 72
Definition of Terms 76

Chapter 11. Laying Out the Rafters 82
Rafter Length 82
The Building Dimensions 82
1. Find Rafter Length with Math 83
2. Finding Rafter Length Using the Rafter Tables 85
3. Finding Rafter Length Using the Step-Off Method 87
4. Finding Rafter Length by Proportioning 88
5. Finding Rafter Length by Direct Layout 88
Summary of Methods to Find Rafter Length 89
Laying Out Common Rafters 90
Hip and Valley Rafters 92
Length of Hip Rafter 93
Jack Rafters 96
Jack Rafter Length 96

Chapter 12. The Speed Square 98
History 98
Description 99
Using the Speed Square to Cut Common Rafters 100
Hip and Valley Rafters 105
Degree Scale 105

Chapter 13. Circles and Square Problems 106
Find the Center of a Circle 106
Lay Out a Semicircle of Given Diameter 108
Draw a Circle through Three Points 109
Draw a Circle around a Polygon 111
Make an Octagon from a Square 112
Make an Eight-Sided Column from a Square Post 113
Convert a Square to an Octagon 115
Testing a Semicircle 116
Find the Circumference of a Circle from it's Diameter 117
Find a Square with Area Equal to a Circle 118
Find a Circle Equal in Area to a Square 120
Doubling the Area of a Square 121
Halving the Area of a Square 122
Find a Circle Equal in Area to two Other Circles 123
Find a Circle Equal in Area to Two or More Other Circles 125
Find the Length of the Diagonal of a Square 126
Bisect an Angle 128

Chapter 14. Laying Out Angles 130
Reference Lines on the TableSaw 131
Lay Out Angles of 30 (degrees) and 60 (degrees) 132
Lay Out a 45 (degree) Angle 134
Lay Out Any Angle 134
Lay Out Any Angle from 1-45 (degrees) 136
Lay Out Half-Angles 138
Lay Out Degree Fractions 139
Lay Out Any Angle from 45 (degrees) to 90 (degrees) 140
Find Angles for Segmentation Turning 141
Cutting Crown Molding 143
Sawhorse with Splayed Legs 145

Chapter 15. Porportioning Problems 147
Equal Division 147
Proportioning 148
Proportioning Line 149
Finding a Tree Height 150
Square Yards from Sqaure Feet 152
Find Length of a Brace 153
Cut a Leaning Post 154

Chapter 16.Arch,Arc, and Ellipse Problems 156
Find the Radius of an Arc 156
Lay Out a Large Arch 158
Lay Out an Ellipse 159
Construct an Elliptical Arch 160
Draw an Oval 163
Bending Boards by Kerfing 164

Chapter 17.Cylinders and Cones: Sheet-Metal Problems 166
Raised Conical Cover 166
Raised Conical Cover Variation 168
Round Pipe through Pitched Roof 169
Lay Out a Sqaure Exhaust Pipe 171
Lay Out a Flange for the Square Exhaust Pipe 172
Lay Out a Rectangular Exhaust Pipe 172
Lay out a Cylindrical Exhaust Pipe 174
Lay Out a 60 (degree) Y 175
Pipe through a Sloped Roof 177
Index 178

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