Essential Photography / Edition 1

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Overview

Photography: The Essential Way is a departure from tradition that moves boldly into the digital age with you. This new book embraces the new photography that is captured, shaped, transmitted, printed, and saved electronically, while retaining coverage of film and its exposure and development. Comprehensive coverage of essential topics such as digital and film cameras, lenses, exposure, sensors and film, and developing black-and-white film.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780136142768
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 9/14/2007
  • Series: MyPhotographyKit Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 352
  • Sales rank: 508,721
  • Product dimensions: 10.20 (w) x 10.60 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Jim Stone is an Associate Professor of Photography at the University of New Mexico. His photographs have been collected by the Museum of Modern Art and The Smithsonian American Art Museum, among many others. Books of his work include Stranger Than Fiction (Light Work, 1993),Historiostomy (Piltdown Press, 2001), and Why My Pictures are Good (Nazraeli Press, 2005).

He has also published six higher education titles that are widely used in university courses: A User¹s Guide to the View Camera, Darkroom Dynamics, Photography, Photography: The Essential Way, A Short Course in Photography, and A Short Course in Digital Photography.

Barbara London has authored and co-authored many photography books from their first editions to their current ones, including Photography, Photography: The Essential Way, A Short Course in Photography, A Short Course in Digital Photography, The Photograph Collector's Guide, and more.

John Upton, Professor Emeritus, was for many years Chair of Photography at Orange Coast College, one of the largest photography departments in the U.S. He has curated a number of exhibitions, including Color as Form: A History of Color Photography. His work is included in many private and public collections, including the New York Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art.

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Table of Contents

Photography: The Essential Way

By London, Stone, and Upton

1 getting started

Camera and Film

Getting your camera ready

Focusing and Setting the Exposure

Taking Your Picture

What Will You Photograph?

Some Basic Guidelines

To Get You Started

Photographing People

Photographing Places

2 camera

Basic Camera Controls

The Shutter

The Shutter and Light

The Shutter and Motion

Conveying Motion in a Still Photograph

The Aperture

The Aperture and Light

The Aperture and Depth of Field

Using Shutter and Aperture Together

Choosing a Camera

Keeping the Camera Steady

Photographer at Work:

Photojournalist James Nachtwey

3 lens

From Pinhole to Lens

Lens Focal Length

Normal Focal Length

Long Focal Length

Short Focal Length

Zoom Lenses

Special-Purpose Lenses

Focusing Your Lens

Manual Focus

Automatic Focus

Focus and Depth of Field

Controlling Depth of Field

Zone Focusing

Focusing on the Hyperfocal Distance

Perspective

Guidelines for Buying a Lens

Getting the Most from Your Camera

and Lens

Photographer at Work: Mary Ellen Mark

4 exposure, sensors, and film

Exposure Basics

Equivalent Exposures

How Exposure Meters Work

In-Camera Exposure Meters

Automatic Exposure

How to Meter

An Overall Reading of a Scene

with Average Tones

Using Different Types of Meters

Metering High-Contrast Scenes

Exposing for Specific Tones

and Bracketing

Hard-to-Meter Scenes

Responding to Light

Silver and Pixels

Selecting and Using Film

Film and Sensor Speed

Speed and ISO 92

Grain and Noise

Extending Beyond Visible Light

Infrared Photographs

Special Purpose Films

Instant and Chromogenic Films

Polarizing Filters

Exposure Latitude

How Much Can Exposures Vary?

Using Exposure

Photographer at Work:

Advertising Photographer

Clint Clemens

5 color

Color: Additive and Subtractive

Color Photographs: Three Image Layers

Color Characteristics

Color Balance

Color Changes Throughout the Day

Color Casts

Color Temperature

Photographer at Work:

Another Angle on Sports–

Walter Iooss

6 developing the negative

How to Process Black-and-White

Roll Film

Equipment and Supplies You’ll Need

Processing Chemicals and

How to Handle Them

Chemical Safety

Processing Black-and-White Roll Film

Step by Step

How Film Processing

Affects Your Picture

Exposure and Development: Under,

Normal, Over

7 setting up a digital darkroom

Hardware and Software

An Overview

Capturing Detail:

Resolution and Bit Depth

Photographs are Files

File Formats

Importing Your Images

Downloading and Scanning

Making a Scan

Color Management

Histograms

Anatomy of a Digital Image

Three Histograms for Color

Setting Up a Workflow

Photographer at Work:

Digital Storyteller–Pedro Meyer

8 Image Editing

Digital Post-processing and Editing:

Getting Started

Choosing Software

Your Work Area and Tools

Setting Up an Image to Edit

Channels

Color or Black and White?

Adjusting Color and Value

Different Approaches

Using Levels

Curves

Adjusting All or Part of an Image

Selection Tools

Using Layers

Other Editing Commands

High Dynamic Range

Filters for Special Effects

Retouching and Sharpening

Compositing

An Image-Editing Workflow

9 Printing and Display

Printers and Printing

Printer Choices

Drivers and RIPs

Profiles and Soft Proofing

Papers and Inks

Printing Options

Panoramic Photographs

Printing in Black and White

Displaying Your Work

The Internet–Gallery and Resource

Ethics: How Far Can You Go?

Presenting a Print

Framing Options

Mounting a Print

Equipment and Supplies You’ll Need

Dry Mounting

Cutting an Overmat

10 Organizing and Storing your Work

Image Storage

Size Matters

Metadata: Data About Your Files

Software to Keep You Organized

Archiving Digital Images

Archiving Film and Prints

11 Lighting

Direction of Light

Degree of Diffusion:

From Hard to Soft Light

Available Light–Outdoors

Available Light–Indoors

Artificial Light

Lights and Other Lighting Equipment

Qualities of Artificial Light

The Main Light: The Dominant Source

The Fill Light: To Lighten Shadows

Lighting with Flash

Flash Equipment

Basic Flash Techniques

Manual Flash Exposures

Automatic Flash Exposures

Fill Flash: To Lighten Shadows

Controlling Background Brightness

Simple Portrait Lighting

Multiple-Light Portrait Setups

Lighting Textured Objects

Lighting Reflective Objects

Lighting Translucent Objects

Using Lighting

Photographer at Work: Dance

Photographer Lois Greenfield...

12 Extending the Image

Opener

Using Scale

Pictures Very Large and Very Small

Multiple Images

More is Better

Fabricated to be Photographed

The Photograph as Object

Using Projections

Making a Book

Alternative Processes

Cyanotype Printing

Platinum and Palladium Printing

Gum Bichromate Printing

Image Transfer

A Photogram: A Cameraless Picture

Cross Processing

A Sabbatier Image: Part Positive, Part Negative

Pinhole Photography

How to Make a Close-Up Photograph

Close-Up Exposures

Copying Techniques

13 view camera

Inside a View Camera

View Camera Movements

Rise and Fall

Shift

Tilt

Swing

Using a View Camera to Control the Image

Controlling the Plane of Focus

Controlling Perspective

Equipment You'll Need

What to Do First–and Next

Loading and Processing Sheet Film

14 seeing photographs

Basic Choices

Content

Framing the Subject

Backgrounds

Basic Design

Spot/Line

Shape/Pattern

Emphasis/Balance

More Choices

Using Contrasts of Sharpness

Using Contrasts of Light and Dark

Placing the Subject within the Frame

Perspective and Point of View

Looking at–and Talking About–

Photographs

Showing Your Work to Editors and

Others

15 history of photography

The Invention of Photography

Daguerreotype:

“Designs on Silver Bright”

Calotype: Pictures on Paper

Collodion Wet-Plate:

Sharp and Reproducible

Gelatin Emulsion/Roll-Film Base:

Photography for Everyone

Color Photography

Early Portraits

Early Travel Photography

Early Images of War

Time and Motion in

Early Photographs

The Photograph as Document

Photography and Social Change

Photojournalism

Photography as Art in the

19th Century

Pictorial Photography

and the Photo-Secession

The Direct Image in Art

The Quest for a New Vision

Photography as Art

in the 1950s and 1960s

Photography as Art

in the 1970s and 1980s

A Gallery of Contemporary Photography

Troubleshooting

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