The Essential Tagore

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Overview

The Essential Tagore showcases the genius of India’s Rabindranath Tagore, the first Asian Nobel Laureate and possibly the most prolific and diverse serious writer the world has ever known.

Marking the 150th anniversary of Tagore’s birth, this ambitious collection—the largest single volume of his work available in English—attempts to represent his extraordinary achievements in ten genres: poetry, songs, autobiographical works, letters, travel writings, prose, novels, short stories, humorous pieces, and plays. In addition to the newest translations in the modern idiom, it includes a sampling of works originally composed in English, his translations of his own works, three poems omitted from the published version of the English Gitanjali, and examples of his artwork.

Tagore’s writings are notable for their variety and innovation. His Sonar Tari signaled a distinctive turn toward the symbolic in Bengali poetry. “The Lord of Life,” from his collection Chitra, created controversy around his very personal concept of religion. Chokher Bali marked a decisive moment in the history of the Bengali novel because of the way it delved into the minds of men and women. The skits in Vyangakautuk mocked upper-class pretensions. Prose pieces such as “The Problem and the Cure” were lauded by nationalists, who also sang Tagore’s patriotic songs.

Translations for this volume were contributed by Tagore specialists and writers of international stature, including Amitav Ghosh, Amit Chaudhuri, and Sunetra Gupta.

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Editorial Reviews

New Yorker

There have been a number of attempts, in the century since Yeats made [the] request, to give the English reader a fuller and more accurate sense of Rabindranath Tagore—through new translations, anthologies of his work, critical studies, and biographies. But The Essential Tagore, published to coincide with the hundred-and-fiftieth anniversary of Tagore's birth, is the most substantial one yet.
— Adam Kirsch

Bookforum

This new anthology, edited by Fakrul Alam and Radha Chakravarty, is so welcome, because it starts the process of freeing Tagore for a contemporary audience. The first thing that strikes you about The Essential Tagore is the diversity of its subject's talents: In a career that stretched over seventy-three years (he finished his first poem when he was seven, and was composing a story on his deathbed), Tagore wrote novels, plays, literary criticism, political essays on the iniquities of the British Raj, and descriptions of his travels in Persia and Japan. Yet it is to the poems that one turns immediately. The range is dizzying—Tagore composed devotional, patriotic, erotic, and nature verse—and is tackled here by a phalanx of gifted translators, including [Amit] Chaudhuri...[The Essential Tagore] reintroduces a great writer to the world. The most luminous discovery in this anthology is not any particular poem or essay but the cumulative evocation of the poet's personality...The experience of living in today's India—a country that is agrarian, industrializing, and postindustrial, all at once—still forces a multiplicity of viewpoints on the individual, and Tagore must have some claim to being the prototypical modern Indian.
— Aravind Adiga

Times Literary Supplement

As the generously weighty and elegantly produced Essential Tagore from Harvard testifies, Tagore wrote in many diverse modes, and quite distinct aspects of his genius often come into play.
— Seamus Perry

New Statesman

It is the 150th anniversary of the birth of Rabindranath Tagore, the Indian poet, playwright, novelist, composer, choreographer, educator and philosopher. So I propose as book of the year the splendid new anthology The Essential Tagore, edited by Fakrul Alam and Radha Chakravarty, which contains an unparalleled selection of poems, plays, stories, letters and more, mostly in excellent up-to-date translations. Initially known in the West as a mystical poet, Tagore was among India's most important social critics and thinkers; his depiction of the limits of women's lives is especially acute.
— Martha Nussbaum

Open Letters Monthly

There have also been a number of anthologies of Tagore's works translated into English over the years...As of this year, a new anthology of Tagore's works in English edited by Fakrul Alam and Radha Chakravorty dwarfs all previous efforts...Because knowledge of Tagore has been so limited for so long, it's especially welcome to see The Essential Tagore. The anthology contains many fresh translations of Tagore's works, including some excellent contributions by Fakrul Alam himself, and I hope its availability will help to broaden perceptions about Tagore's writing.
— Amardeep Singh

Kali O Kalam

[While T.S.] Eliot is a major poet for a single era of one literary tradition, Tagore is the most important poet of all eras for an entire culture. It can be said without doubt that Tagore should be compared to the preeminent poets of all cultures: Greece's Homer, Italy's Virgil and Dante, Germany's Goethe, England's Shakespeare, and—though he is a novelist—Russia's Tolstoy...The Essential Tagore is a publication for readers all over the world, for all times.
— Mohit Ul-Alam

The Australian

[A] treasure trove...Imagine the task that was before the editors of The Essential Tagore. They have done a wonderful job, it is almost all gold. Here you can find some of the best of Tagore's Chekhovian stories, as well as his stunningly various poems (many revitalised by Fakrul Alam's translations), plus vivid extracts from the great novels, essays, letters, and travel writing.
— Barry Hill

Amartya Sen
Tagore is one of the greatest literary figures of our time, who commands universal admiration from native readers of Bengali, but the excellence of whose work is difficult to preserve in translation. In rising to this challenge, the editors and translators of The Essential Tagore have done a splendid job of producing a beautiful volume of selections from Tagore's vast body of writings. The book is also powerfully strengthened by an enjoyable and remarkably far-reaching foreword by Amit Chaudhuri.
New Yorker - Adam Kirsch
There have been a number of attempts, in the century since Yeats made [the] request, to give the English reader a fuller and more accurate sense of Rabindranath Tagore--through new translations, anthologies of his work, critical studies, and biographies. But The Essential Tagore, published to coincide with the hundred-and-fiftieth anniversary of Tagore's birth, is the most substantial one yet.
Bookforum - Aravind Adiga
This new anthology, edited by Fakrul Alam and Radha Chakravarty, is so welcome, because it starts the process of freeing Tagore for a contemporary audience. The first thing that strikes you about The Essential Tagore is the diversity of its subject's talents: In a career that stretched over seventy-three years (he finished his first poem when he was seven, and was composing a story on his deathbed), Tagore wrote novels, plays, literary criticism, political essays on the iniquities of the British Raj, and descriptions of his travels in Persia and Japan. Yet it is to the poems that one turns immediately. The range is dizzying--Tagore composed devotional, patriotic, erotic, and nature verse--and is tackled here by a phalanx of gifted translators, including [Amit] Chaudhuri...[The Essential Tagore] reintroduces a great writer to the world. The most luminous discovery in this anthology is not any particular poem or essay but the cumulative evocation of the poet's personality...The experience of living in today's India--a country that is agrarian, industrializing, and postindustrial, all at once--still forces a multiplicity of viewpoints on the individual, and Tagore must have some claim to being the prototypical modern Indian.
Times Literary Supplement - Seamus Perry
As the generously weighty and elegantly produced Essential Tagore from Harvard testifies, Tagore wrote in many diverse modes, and quite distinct aspects of his genius often come into play.
New Statesman - Martha Nussbaum
It is the 150th anniversary of the birth of Rabindranath Tagore, the Indian poet, playwright, novelist, composer, choreographer, educator and philosopher. So I propose as book of the year the splendid new anthology The Essential Tagore, edited by Fakrul Alam and Radha Chakravarty, which contains an unparalleled selection of poems, plays, stories, letters and more, mostly in excellent up-to-date translations. Initially known in the West as a mystical poet, Tagore was among India's most important social critics and thinkers; his depiction of the limits of women's lives is especially acute.
Open Letters Monthly - Amardeep Singh
There have also been a number of anthologies of Tagore's works translated into English over the years...As of this year, a new anthology of Tagore's works in English edited by Fakrul Alam and Radha Chakravorty dwarfs all previous efforts...Because knowledge of Tagore has been so limited for so long, it's especially welcome to see The Essential Tagore. The anthology contains many fresh translations of Tagore's works, including some excellent contributions by Fakrul Alam himself, and I hope its availability will help to broaden perceptions about Tagore's writing.
Kali O Kalam - Mohit Ul-Alam
[While T.S.] Eliot is a major poet for a single era of one literary tradition, Tagore is the most important poet of all eras for an entire culture. It can be said without doubt that Tagore should be compared to the preeminent poets of all cultures: Greece's Homer, Italy's Virgil and Dante, Germany's Goethe, England's Shakespeare, and--though he is a novelist--Russia's Tolstoy...The Essential Tagore is a publication for readers all over the world, for all times.
The Australian - Barry Hill
[A] treasure trove...Imagine the task that was before the editors of The Essential Tagore. They have done a wonderful job, it is almost all gold. Here you can find some of the best of Tagore's Chekhovian stories, as well as his stunningly various poems (many revitalised by Fakrul Alam's translations), plus vivid extracts from the great novels, essays, letters, and travel writing.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780674057906
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • Publication date: 4/15/2011
  • Pages: 864
  • Sales rank: 562,202
  • Product dimensions: 6.80 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 2.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Fakrul Alam is Professor of English at the University of Dhaka.

Radha Chakravarty is Associate Professor of English at Gargi College, University of Delhi.

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Table of Contents

  • List of Illustrations
  • Foreword: Poetry as Polemic / Amit Chaudhuri
  • Introduction
  • 1. Autobiography
    • Autobiographical
    • From Reminiscences
    • From Boyhood Days
    • My School


  • 2. Letters
    • From Torn Leaves
    • From Letter-Fragments
    • To Mrinalini Devi
    • To Jagadish Chandra Bose
    • To Myron H. Phelps
    • To William Rothenstein
    • To Robert Bridges
    • To James Drummonds Anderson
    • To Lord Chelmsford
    • To Charles Freer Andrews
    • To Kanti Chandra Ghosh
    • To Edward John Thompson
    • To Kazi Nazrul Islam
    • To Romain Rolland
    • To Sir William Rothenstein
    • To Mahatma Gandhi
    • To Mahadev Desai
    • To Sufia Kamal
    • To Pulinbehari Sen
    • To Victoria Ocampo
    • To Revd. Foss Westcott


  • 3. Prose
    • From Self-Reliance and Other Essays
    • Statecraft and Ethics
    • The Components of Literature
    • The Significance of Literature
    • The Problem of Self
    • Nationalism in the West
    • The Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech
    • From Thoughts from Rabindranath Tagore
    • My Pictures
    • Hindus and Muslims
    • The Tenant Farmer
    • Crisis in Civilization


  • 4. Poems
    • The Fountain’s Awakening
    • Enough, Enough!
    • Life
    • Undressed
    • Breasts
    • Kissing
    • The Golden Boat
    • The Two Birds
    • I Won’t Let You Go
    • Unfathomable
    • Voyage without End
    • To Civilization
    • My Little Plot of Land
    • A Hundred Years from Now
    • The Lord of Life
    • Love Queries
    • Krishnakali
    • The Poet
    • The Hero
    • Big and Small
    • Astronomy
    • On the Day Thou Breakst Through This My Name
    • More Life, My Lord
    • Thy Rod of Justice
    • The Day I Depart
    • It Hasn’t Rained in My Heart
    • When Life Dries Up
    • If the Day Ends
    • This Stormy Night
    • A Flight of Geese
    • The Restless One
    • Dawn and Dusk
    • Free!
    • Sunday
    • Hymn to the Tree
    • Woman Empowered
    • Wind Instrument
    • Letter Writing
    • An Ordinary Woman
    • Camellia
    • The Twenty-Fifth of Baisakh
    • I
    • Africa
    • I Saw in the Twilight
    • Romantic
    • The Night Train
    • Waking Up in the Morning I See
    • They Work
    • On the Banks of Roop-Naran
    • The Sun of the First Day
    • Dark Nights of Sorrow
    • On the Way to Creation


  • 5. Songs
    • Devotional Songs
    • Patriotic Songs
    • Love Songs
    • Songs of Nature
    • Miscellaneous Songs


  • 6. Plays
    • Roktokorobi
    • The Kingdom of Cards


  • 7. Stories
    • The Return of Khoka Babu
    • The Legacy
    • Shubha
    • Mahamaya
    • The In-Between Woman
    • Hungry Stone
    • A Broken Nest
    • The Wife’s Letter
    • The Final Word
    • The Tale of a Muslim Woman


  • 8. Novels
    • From Gora
    • From Connections
    • From Farewell Song
    • From Four Chapters


  • 9. Humor
    • Denge the Black Ant’s Observations
    • Aryans and Non-Aryans
    • The Funeral
    • Ordeal
    • Testing the Student
    • The Invention of Shoes
    • From Out of Sync


  • 10. Travel Writing
    • The City of Bombay
    • Crossing the Ocean
    • Travel
    • Stopford Brooke
    • The English Village and the Clergy
    • From Journey to Japan
    • Letter to Pratima Devi
    • From Letters from Russia
    • From In Persia


  • Chronology
  • Notes
  • Glossary
  • Further Reading
  • Acknowledgments
  • Contributors

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