The Essential Turing: Seminal Writings in Computing, Logic, Philosophy, Artificial Intelligence, and Artificial Life plus The Secrets of Enigma

The Essential Turing: Seminal Writings in Computing, Logic, Philosophy, Artificial Intelligence, and Artificial Life plus The Secrets of Enigma

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by Alan M. Turing
     
 

ISBN-10: 0198250800

ISBN-13: 9780198250807

Pub. Date: 11/18/2004

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Alan Turing was one of the most influential thinkers of the 20th century. In 1935, aged 22, he developed the mathematical theory upon which all subsequent stored-program digital computers are modeled.

At the outbreak of hostilities with Germany in September 1939, he joined the Government Codebreaking team at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire and played a crucial

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Overview

Alan Turing was one of the most influential thinkers of the 20th century. In 1935, aged 22, he developed the mathematical theory upon which all subsequent stored-program digital computers are modeled.

At the outbreak of hostilities with Germany in September 1939, he joined the Government Codebreaking team at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire and played a crucial role in deciphering Engima, the code used by the German armed forces to protect their radio communications. Turing's work on the version of Enigma used by the German navy was vital to the battle for supremacy in the North Atlantic. He also contributed to the attack on the cyphers known as "Fish," which were used by the German High Command for the encryption of signals during the latter part of the war. His contribution helped to shorten the war in Europe by an estimated two years.

After the war, his theoretical work led to the development of Britain's first computers at the National Physical Laboratory and the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory at Manchester University.

Turing was also a founding father of modern cognitive science, theorizing that the cortex at birth is an "unorganized machine" which through "training" becomes organized "into a universal machine or something like it." He went on to develop the use of computers to model biological growth, launching the discipline now referred to as Artificial Life.

The papers in this book are the key works for understanding Turing's phenomenal contribution across all these fields. The collection includes Turing's declassified wartime "Treatise on the Enigma"; letters from Turing to Churchill and to codebreakers; lectures, papers, and broadcasts which opened up the concept of AI and its implications; and the paper which formed the genesis of the investigation of Artifical Life.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780198250807
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
11/18/2004
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
622
Sales rank:
440,908
Product dimensions:
9.10(w) x 6.10(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Alan Turing 1912-19541
Computable numbers : a guide5
1On computable numbers, with an application to the entscheidungsproblem (1936)58
2On computable numbers : corrections and critiques91
3Systems of logic based on ordinals (1938), including excerpts from Turing's correspondence, 1936-1938125
4Letters on logic to Max Newman (c. 1940)205
Enigma217
5History of Hut 8 to December 1941 (1945), featuring an excerpt from Turing's 'treatise on the enigma'265
6Bombe and Spider (1940)313
7Letter to Winston Churchill (1941)336
8Memorandum to OP-20-G on naval enigma (c. 1941)341
Artificial intelligence353
9Lecture on the automatic computing engine (1947)362
10Intelligent machinery (1948)395
11Computing machinery and intelligence (1950)433
12Intelligent machinery, a heretical theory (c. 1951)465
13Can digital computers think? (1951)476
14Can automatic calculating machines be said to think? (1952)487
Artificial life507
15The chemical basis of morphogenesis (1952)519
16Chess (1953)562
17Solvable and unsolvable problems (1954)576

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