Essentialism: A Wittgensteinian Critique

Essentialism: A Wittgensteinian Critique

by Garth L. Hallett
     
 

ISBN-10: 079140773X

ISBN-13: 9780791407738

Pub. Date: 10/01/1991

Publisher: State University of New York Press

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791407738
Publisher:
State University of New York Press
Publication date:
10/01/1991
Series:
SUNY series in Logic and Language Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
237

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction

1. The Decline of Explicit Essentialism

A Theoretical Sampling

Wittgenstein's Critique

Carnapian "Explication"

Essences and "Rigid Designators"

Variations

Summary Reflections

2. The Persistence of Essentialistic Theorizing

Cajetan on Analogy

Wittgenstein on Language and Propositions

Williams on Knowledge

Dretske on Knowledge

Overview

3. Calculus and Mosaic

Meaning and Use

Second Series

Samples from the Other Side

Signs of Something Larger

4. Network-Reasoning

A Problematic Paradigm

Language as an Interlocking Calculus

An Alternate Line of Critique

One-Directional Reasoning

Back to the Beginning

5. Other Worlds

Real Concepts, Unreal Worlds

A Systematic Sampling

Gettier's Counter-Examples

Robot Cats, Sleek Toads, Etc.

Cartesian Selves, Bracketed Worlds

Kripke and Possible Worlds

Retrospect

6. Sources of Essentialism

A First Source: Language

A Second Source: Disregard for Language

A Third Source: The Will

A Fourth Source: Contagion

A Fifth Source: Argument

Alternatives

7. Diagnoses and Prognosis

General Theories: Scheler

Particular Theories: Wittgenstein

Calculus-Reasoning: Pitcher

Network-Reasoning: Graham

Other-Worlds Reasoning: Kripke

Overview

Notes

Works Cited

Index

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