Essentials of Clinical Geriatrics / Edition 5

Essentials of Clinical Geriatrics / Edition 5

by Robert L. Kane, Joseph G. Ouslander, Itmar Abrass
     
 

ISBN-10: 0071409203

ISBN-13: 9780071409209

Pub. Date: 09/18/2003

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The

THE practical and affordable quick-reference guide to evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of older patients -- now extensively revised and updated! The superb writing, a clear focus on the clinical issues, presentation of complex issues clearly and succinctly...just a few of the reasons why ESSENTIALS OF CLINICAL GERIATRICS is a favorite resource among health…  See more details below

Overview

THE practical and affordable quick-reference guide to evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of older patients -- now extensively revised and updated! The superb writing, a clear focus on the clinical issues, presentation of complex issues clearly and succinctly...just a few of the reasons why ESSENTIALS OF CLINICAL GERIATRICS is a favorite resource among health professionals caring for older patients. The practical, problem-oriented approach systematically guides users through the clinical implications of aging, and reviews evaluation, diagnosis, and management of clinical problems encountered daily. And much has been added to this edition to keep you at the cutting edge of clinical geriatrics.

KEY FEATURES

  • FOCUS - clinical, practical content that can be put to use immediately for effective care of older patients
  • SCOPE - "just right" coverage -- provides all the necessary information without being overwhelming
  • CONVENIENCE - a wealth of superb tables, charts, and graphs quickly summarize important information
  • PRACTICALITY - a handy appendix filled with useful medical forms enhances assessments and history

NEW TO THE FIFTH EDITION

  • NEW chapter on preventive care in clinical geriatrics
  • EXPANDED coverage of preoperative evaluation, cancer management, and end-of-life issues
  • UPDATED content on genetic aspects of geriatric care, pharmacology, hormone replacement therapy, and more
  • LATEST on caring for nursing home patients
  • EVERY chapter revised and updated

Markets: Residents & Practitioners in Internal Medicine, Family & General Practice; Geriatric, Family " Adult Nurse Practitioners; Physician Assistants; Geriatric Fellows & Geriatricians; Medical, NP & PA Students; Nurses; Nursing Homes, Home Care Companies; Medical, Departmental, Hospital Libraries

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780071409209
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date:
09/18/2003
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
532
Product dimensions:
5.80(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.77(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures xi

Preface xxi

Part I The Aging Patient and Geriatric Assessment 1

1 Clinical Implications of the Aging Process 3

Changes Associated with "Normal" Aging 4

Theories of Aging 5

Clinical Implications 15

Geriatric Syndrome 19

Atypical Presentation of Common Clinical Problems 20

References 21

Suggested Readings 22

2 The Geriatric Patient: Demography, Epidemiology, and Health Services Utilization 23

Growth in Numbers 26

Disability 30

Social Support 31

Use of Services 33

Nursing Home Use 36

References 40

Suggested Readings 40

3 Evaluating the Geriatric Patient 41

History 45

Physical Examination 50

Laboratory Assessment 55

Functional Assessment 57

Environmental Assessment 63

Assessment for Pain 64

Nutritional Assessment 66

Geriatric Consultation 68

Preoperative Evaluation 71

References 75

Suggested Readings 77

4 Chronic Disease Management 79

Specific Areas of Geriatric Disease Management 82

Special Issues in Chronic Disease Management 87

Role of Outcomes in Assuring Quality of Long-Term Care 93

Technology for Quality Improvement 103

Summary 107

References 107

Part II Differential Diagnosis and Management 109

5 Prevention 111

General Principles 111

Effectiveness of Prevention in Older People 115

Osteoporosis 126

Generic Approaches 129

Preventing Disability 131

Iatrogenesis 133

Special Risks of Hospitals 135

Labeling 140

Summary 141

References 142

Suggested Readings 144

6 Confusion: Delirium and Dementia 145

Confusion 145

Delirium 148

Dementia 154

Evaluation 160

Management of Dementia 165

References 170

Suggested Readings 172

Selected Web Sites(Accessed on March 16, 2008) 173

Tools 173

7 Diagnosis and Management of Depression 175

Aging and Depression 176

Symptoms and Signs of Depression 179

Depression Associated with Medical Conditions 184

Diagnosing Depression 186

Management 194

References 207

Suggested Readings 210

Web References 211

8 Incontinence 213

Normal Urination 215

Causes and Types of Incontinence 219

Evaluation 228

Management 239

Fecal Incontinence 257

References 260

Suggested Readings 262

Selected Web Sites (Accessed on March 16, 2008) 262

9 Falls 265

Aging and Instability 267

Causes of Falls in Older Persons 269

Evidence on Falls Prevention 274

Evaluating the Elderly Patient who Falls 275

Management 287

References 291

Suggested Readings 294

Selected Web Sites (Accessed on March 16, 2008) 295

10 Immobility 297

Causes 297

Complications 299

Assessing Immobile Patients 301

Management of Immobility 304

Pain Management 316

Exercise 320

Rehabilitation 321

References 325

Suggested Readings 329

Part III General Management Strategies 333

11 Cardiovascular Disorders 335

Physiological Changes 335

Hypertension 337

Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attacks 344

Coronary Artery Disease 349

Valvular Heart Disease 351

Arrhythmias 354

Congestive Heart Failure 356

Peripheral Vascular Disease 357

References 359

Suggested Readings 362

12 Decreased Vitality 363

Endocrine Disease 363

Anemia 379

Nutrition 383

Infections 387

Disorders of Temperature Regulation 391

References 395

Suggested Readings 398

13 Sensory Impairment 401

Vision 401

Hearing 408

Taste 418

Polyneuropathy 419

Acknowledgment 422

References 422

Suggested Readings 423

Weblinks 423

14 Drug Therapy 425

Nonpharmacological Factors Influencing Drug Therapy 425

Adverse Drug Reactions and Interactions 429

Aging and Pharmacology 435

Geriatric Prescribing 439

Geriatric Psychopharmacology 439

References 446

Suggested Readings 447

15 Health Services 449

Public Programs 452

Long-Term Care 460

The Nursing Home 468

Assisted Living 477

Home Care 478

Other Services 482

Case Management 483

References 487

Suggested Readings 487

16 Nursing Home Care 489

The Goals of Nursing Home Care 489

Clinical Aspects of Care for Nursing Home Residents 491

Process of Care in the Nursing Home 495

Strategies to Improve Medical Care in Nursing Homes 504

Subacute Care and the Nursing Home-Acute-Care Hospital Interface 516

Ethical Issues in Nursing Home 518

References 519

Suggested Readings 521

Selected Web Sites (Accessed 3/16/08) 521

17 Ethical Issues in the Care of Older Persons 523

Autonomy and Beneficence 526

Competence and Informed Consent 527

Advance Directives and End-of-Life Care 529

Moving from DNR to Acceptance of Natural Death 534

The Health-Care Provider's Role 535

Special Problems with Nursing Home Residents 537

Special Case of Dementia 539

Policy Issues 540

Ethical Issues Concerning Caregivers 542

Summary 543

References 544

Web-Based References (Last Accessed July 2008.) 547

Appendix Selected Internet Resources on Geriatrics 549

Organizations 549

Clinical Topics-for Professionals 550

Clinical Topics-for Patients 552

Index 555

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