Essentials of Geology / Edition 11

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Overview

Building on the tremendous reception to its parent volume, Earth 8th edition, the same groundbreaking media package is now integrated into the brief version of the best-selling introductory physical geology volume. This eighth edition of Essentials of Geology represents a thorough revision, yet retains the hallmarks readers have come to expect from Tarbuck and Lutgen. Reader friendly writing style, carefully crafted illustrations by Dennis Tasa that are both geologically accurate and visually appealing, and updated coverage of the most recent geologic events. The volume provides an introduction to geology covering minerals, igneous rocks, volcanoes and other igneous activity, weathering and soil, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, mass wasting, running water, groundwater, glaciers and glaciation, deserts and wind, shorelines, the ocean floor, earthquakes and earth's interior, plate tectonics, mountain building, geologic time, and earth history. For individuals interested in an introduction to geology.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Intended as a nontechnical survey for people with little scientific background, this introductory textbook explains basic geology in chapters devoted to volcanos, weathering, running water, glaciation, shorelines, earthquakes, mountain building, plate tectonics, and other topics. The CD-ROM contains animations and interactive exercises for the reinforcement of key geologic concepts. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321714725
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 1/11/2011
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 11
  • Pages: 576
  • Sales rank: 166,107
  • Product dimensions: 9.50 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Fred Lutgens and Ed Tarbuck have been good friends and colleagues since 1970. Between them, they have more than 57 years of experience teaching geology to undergraduates, and both have been recognized with awards as excellent and inspiring professors. They share a special interest in introducing geology to beginning students and a belief in the value of field experiences for students of all levels.

Lutgens and Tarbuck published their first college text, Earth Science, in 1976. That book, winner of the McGuffy Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association, is now going into its tenth edition. In 1983, as the first edition of Earth was being prepared, gifted geology illustrator Dennis Tasa joined the author team. Since then the three have collaborated on more than twenty projects. Not only do Tarbuck, Lutgens, and Tasa work well together creatively; they also enjoy spending time in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains near Tasa’s New Mexico studio.

Tarbuck enjoys downhill skiing in Colorado, fly fishing near his childhood home in Northern Minnesota, and spending time in the Cascades. Lutgens is an avid runner, and when he can make the time, truly enjoys hiking the canyons of the Colorado Plateau. Although Lutgens and Tarbuck think alike on many issues, they don’t agree on everything. Lutgens is devoted to jazz and classical music, whereas Tarbuck prefers pop artists or a good country station.

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Read an Excerpt

PREFACE:

Preface

The Seventh Edition of Essentials of Geology, like its predecessors, is a college-level text intended for students taking their first and perhaps only course in geology. The book is intended to be a meaningful nontechnical survey for people with little background in science. Usually students are taking this class to meet a portion of their college's or university's general requirements.

In addition to being informative and up-to-date, a major goal of Essentials of Geology is to meet the need of beginning students for a readable and user-friendly text, a book that is a highly-usable "tool" for learning the basic principles and concepts of geology.

Distinguishing Features

Readability
The language of this book is straightforward and written to be understood. Clear, readable discussions with a minimum of technical language are the rule. The frequent headings and subheadings help students follow discussions and identify the important ideas presented in each chapter. In the Seventh Edition, improved readability was achieved by examining chapter organization and flow, and writing in a more personal style. Large portions of several chapters were substantially rewritten in an effort to make the material more understandable.

Illustrations and Photographs
Geology is highly visual. Therefore, photographs and artwork are a very important part of an introductory book. Essentials of Geology, Seventh Edition, contains dozens of new high-quality photographs that were carefully selected to aid understanding, add realism and heighten the interest of the reader.

The manynew and revised pieces of art help illustrate ideas and concepts even more clearly and realistically than before. The art program was carried out by Dennis Tasa, a gifted artist and respected Earth science illustrator.

Focus on Learning
To assist student learning, every chapter opens with a series of questions. Each question alerts the reader to an important idea or concept in the chapter. When a chapter has been completed, three useful devices help students review. First, a helpful summary - The Chapter in Review - recaps all of the major points. Next is a checklist of Key Terms with page references. Learning the language of geology helps students learn the material. This is followed by Questions For Review that help students examine their knowledge of significant facts and ideas.

Maintaining a Focus on Basic Principles and Instructor Flexibility
The main focus of the Seventh Edition remains the same as in the first six - to foster student understanding of basic geological principles. As much as possible, we have attempted to provide the reader with a sense of the observational techniques and reasoning processes that constitute the discipline of geology.

The organization of the text remains intentionally traditional. Following the overview of geology in Chapter 1, we turn to a discussion of Earth materials and the related processes of volcanism and weathering. Next, we explore the geological work of gravity, water, wind, and ice in modifying and sculpting landscapes. After this look at external processes, we examine Earth's internal structure and the processes that deform rocks and give rise to mountains. Finally, the text concludes with chapters on geologic time and Earth history. This organization accommodates the study of minerals and rocks in the laboratory, which usually comes early in the course.

Realizing that some instructors may prefer to structure their courses somewhat differently, we made each of the chapters self-contained so that they may be taught in a different sequence. Thus, the instructor who wishes to discuss earthquakes, plate tectonics, and mountain building prior to dealing with erosional processes may do so without difficulty. We also chose to provide a brief overview of plate tectonics in Chapter 1 so that this important theory could be incorporated in appropriate places throughout the text.

The Seventh Edition

The Seventh Edition of Essentials of Geology represents a thorough revision. Every part of the book was examined carefully with the dual goals of keeping topics current and improving the clarity of text discussions. Based on feedback from reviewers and our students, we believe we have succeeded.

Acknowledgments

Writing a college textbook requires the talents and cooperation of many individuals. Working with Dennis Tasa, who is responsible for all of the outstanding illustrations, is always special for us. We not only value his outstanding artistic talents and imagination, but his friendship as well. We are also grateful to Professor Kenneth Pinzke at Belleville Area College. In addition to his many helpful suggestions regarding the manuscript, Ken prepared the chapter summaries, and the Instructor's Manual. Ken is an important part of our team and a valued friend as well.

Special thanks goes to those colleagues who prepared in-depth reviews. Their critical comments and thoughtful input helped guide our work and clearly strengthened the text.

John L. Berkley, SUNY College at Fredonia
Michael Bikerman, University of Pittsburgh
Richard B. Bonnett, Marshall University
Sherman Clebnik, Eastern Connecticut State University
Edward Heideman, Mercy College, NY
Betsy D. Torrez, Sam Houston State University

In addition we would like to acknowledge the aid of our students. Their comments and suggestions continue to help us to maintain our focus on readability and understanding.

We also want to acknowledge the team of professionals at Prentice Hall. Thanks to Editor-in-Chief Paul Corey. We sincerely appreciate his continuing strong support for excellence and innovation. Thanks also to our new geology editor Patrick Lynch. He has been great to work with and we look forward to working with him on many future projects. The production team, led by Ed Thomas, as always, has done an outstanding job. They are true professionals with whom we are very fortunate to be associated.

Frederick K. Lutgens
Edward J. Tarbuck

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Table of Contents

1 An Introduction to Geology 1
2 Minerals: Building Blocks of Rocks 23
3 Igneous Rocks 44
4 Volcanoes and Other Igneous Activity 65
5 Weathering and Soils 93
6 Sedimentary Rocks 114
7 Metamorphic Rocks 137
8 Mass Wasting 155
9 Running Water 169
10 Groundwater 191
11 Glaciers and Glaciation 210
12 Deserts and Wind 232
13 Shorelines 249
14 The Ocean Floor 269
15 Earthquakes and Earth's Interior 287
16 Plate Tectonics 313
17 Mountain Building 345
18 Geologic Time 369
19 Earth History: A Brief Summary 393
App. A Metric and English Units Compared 421
App. B Periodic Table of the Elements 423
App. C Mineral Identification Key 424
App. D Topographic Maps 427
Glossary 434
Index 446
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Preface

PREFACE:

Preface

The Seventh Edition of Essentials of Geology, like its predecessors, is a college-level text intended for students taking their first and perhaps only course in geology. The book is intended to be a meaningful nontechnical survey for people with little background in science. Usually students are taking this class to meet a portion of their college's or university's general requirements.

In addition to being informative and up-to-date, a major goal of Essentials of Geology is to meet the need of beginning students for a readable and user-friendly text, a book that is a highly-usable "tool" for learning the basic principles and concepts of geology.

Distinguishing Features

Readability
The language of this book is straightforward and written to be understood. Clear, readable discussions with a minimum of technical language are the rule. The frequent headings and subheadings help students follow discussions and identify the important ideas presented in each chapter. In the Seventh Edition, improved readability was achieved by examining chapter organization and flow, and writing in a more personal style. Large portions of several chapters were substantially rewritten in an effort to make the material more understandable.

Illustrations and Photographs
Geology is highly visual. Therefore, photographs and artwork are a very important part of an introductory book. Essentials of Geology, Seventh Edition, contains dozens of new high-quality photographs that were carefully selected to aid understanding, add realism and heighten the interest of the reader.

Themanynew and revised pieces of art help illustrate ideas and concepts even more clearly and realistically than before. The art program was carried out by Dennis Tasa, a gifted artist and respected Earth science illustrator.

Focus on Learning
To assist student learning, every chapter opens with a series of questions. Each question alerts the reader to an important idea or concept in the chapter. When a chapter has been completed, three useful devices help students review. First, a helpful summary - The Chapter in Review - recaps all of the major points. Next is a checklist of Key Terms with page references. Learning the language of geology helps students learn the material. This is followed by Questions For Review that help students examine their knowledge of significant facts and ideas.

Maintaining a Focus on Basic Principles and Instructor Flexibility
The main focus of the Seventh Edition remains the same as in the first six - to foster student understanding of basic geological principles. As much as possible, we have attempted to provide the reader with a sense of the observational techniques and reasoning processes that constitute the discipline of geology.

The organization of the text remains intentionally traditional. Following the overview of geology in Chapter 1, we turn to a discussion of Earth materials and the related processes of volcanism and weathering. Next, we explore the geological work of gravity, water, wind, and ice in modifying and sculpting landscapes. After this look at external processes, we examine Earth's internal structure and the processes that deform rocks and give rise to mountains. Finally, the text concludes with chapters on geologic time and Earth history. This organization accommodates the study of minerals and rocks in the laboratory, which usually comes early in the course.

Realizing that some instructors may prefer to structure their courses somewhat differently, we made each of the chapters self-contained so that they may be taught in a different sequence. Thus, the instructor who wishes to discuss earthquakes, plate tectonics, and mountain building prior to dealing with erosional processes may do so without difficulty. We also chose to provide a brief overview of plate tectonics in Chapter 1 so that this important theory could be incorporated in appropriate places throughout the text.

The Seventh Edition

The Seventh Edition of Essentials of Geology represents a thorough revision. Every part of the book was examined carefully with the dual goals of keeping topics current and improving the clarity of text discussions. Based on feedback from reviewers and our students, we believe we have succeeded.

Acknowledgments

Writing a college textbook requires the talents and cooperation of many individuals. Working with Dennis Tasa, who is responsible for all of the outstanding illustrations, is always special for us. We not only value his outstanding artistic talents and imagination, but his friendship as well. We are also grateful to Professor Kenneth Pinzke at Belleville Area College. In addition to his many helpful suggestions regarding the manuscript, Ken prepared the chapter summaries, and the Instructor's Manual. Ken is an important part of our team and a valued friend as well.

Special thanks goes to those colleagues who prepared in-depth reviews. Their critical comments and thoughtful input helped guide our work and clearly strengthened the text.

John L. Berkley, SUNY College at Fredonia
Michael Bikerman, University of Pittsburgh
Richard B. Bonnett, Marshall University
Sherman Clebnik, Eastern Connecticut State University
Edward Heideman, Mercy College, NY
Betsy D. Torrez, Sam Houston State University

In addition we would like to acknowledge the aid of our students. Their comments and suggestions continue to help us to maintain our focus on readability and understanding.

We also want to acknowledge the team of professionals at Prentice Hall. Thanks to Editor-in-Chief Paul Corey. We sincerely appreciate his continuing strong support for excellence and innovation. Thanks also to our new geology editor Patrick Lynch. He has been great to work with and we look forward to working with him on many future projects. The production team, led by Ed Thomas, as always, has done an outstanding job. They are true professionals with whom we are very fortunate to be associated.

Frederick K. Lutgens
Edward J. Tarbuck

Read More Show Less

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