Essentials of Inventory Management / Edition 2

Essentials of Inventory Management / Edition 2

2.0 1
by Max Muller
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0814416551

ISBN-13: 9780814416556

Pub. Date: 04/25/2011

Publisher: AMACOM Books

Inventory management is about more than counting what you’ve got. It’s about understanding business realities and making decisions that balance current demand with future needs—while keeping overhead and operating costs to a minimum.

Now in its Second Edition, Essentials of Inventory Management gives

Overview

Inventory management is about more than counting what you’ve got. It’s about understanding business realities and making decisions that balance current demand with future needs—while keeping overhead and operating costs to a minimum.

Now in its Second Edition, Essentials of Inventory Management gives inventory professionals the information they need to maximize productivity in key areas, from physical stock issues to problem identification and resolution to technologies like RFID and other automated inventory mechanisms. Perfect for novice and veteran managers alike, this ultra-practical book covers topics such as:

Forecasting and replenishment strategies • Differences between retail and manufacturing inventories • Materials requirements planning and just-in-time inventory systems • Simple formulas for calculating quantities and schedules • Management of inventory as a physical reality and a monetary value • Supply chain risk management

Complete with detailed examples, handy tools, and a revised and expanded chapter analyzing “Why Inventory Systems Fail and How to Fix Them,” this nontechnical yet thorough guide is perfect for both instructional and on-the-job use.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780814416556
Publisher:
AMACOM Books
Publication date:
04/25/2011
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
272
Sales rank:
328,312
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Contents

Preface to the Second Edition

Chapter 1 Inventory as Both a Tangible and an

Intangible Object

Inventory—Who Needs It?

Inventory Costs

The Purpose of Inventory

Types of Stock

Tracking the Paper Life

Electronic Data Interchange

Recap

Review Questions

Chapter 2 Inventory as Money

Accounting for Inventories

How Inventory Is Valued Inventory on the Balance Sheet

Inventory on the Income Statement

Ratio Analyses and What they Mean

Current Ratio

Quick Ratio or Acid Test

Inventory Turnover Ratio

Profit Margins

Calculating Gross Profit

Merchandising Metrics

Pricing Generally

Selling Price

Obsolete Stock

Why You Have Been Told Not to Dispose of

Obsolete Stock

Problems with Convincing Decision Makers

That “It’s Gotta Go”

Arguments in Favor of Disposing of Dead Stock

Methods of Disposal

Carrying Cost and Purchasing

Recap

Review Questions

Chapter 3 Physical Location and Control of Inventory

Common Locator Systems

Memory Systems

Fixed Location Systems

Zoning Systems

Random Locator Systems

Combination Systems

Common Item Placement Theories

Inventory Stratification

Family Grouping

Special Considerations

Location Addresses and SKU Identifiers

Significance

Keys to Effectively Tying Together SKUs and

Location Addresses

Recap

Review Questions

Chapter 4 Automatic Identification

The Basics of Bar Coding

Elements of a Bar Code Symbol

Structure of a Generic Bar Code Symbol 96

Quiet Zone

Start and Stop Characters

Data Characters

“X” Dimension

Symbologies: Bar Coding Structural Rules

Discrete and Continuous Symbologies

Symbology Summary

Popular Symbologies Found in the

Inventory World

Scanning Basics

Printing Basics

Bar Code Applications

The Basics of Radio-Frequency Identification

RFID Tag Types and Classes

Bar Code versus RFID

RFID Item Identification

The Advantages of RFID

The Problems Associated with RFID

Lack of RFID Standards

Money, Money, Money

System Disruption Vulnerability

RFID Reader Collision

RFID Tag Collision

Security, Privacy, and Ethics Problems with RFID

Recap

Review Questions

Chapter 5 Planning and Replenishment Concept

Replenishment Costs

Types of Inventory Management

Independent Demand Inventory

Economic Order Quantity Formula

Dependent Demand Inventory

Inventory Objectives

Enterprise Resource Planning

Recap

Review Questions

Chapter 6 Why Inventory Systems Fail and How to

Fix Them

Inventory system Failure: A Case Example

Discussion of Example Case

Metrics

Inventory Record Accuracy

Fill Rates

Tools with Which to Uncover System

Dysfunctions

Run Charts

Flow Charts

Logic Charts

Variance Reports

Cycle Counting

Annual Inventories

Cycle Counting

Cycle Count Methodologies

Control Group Cycle Counting Method

Location Audit Cycle Counting Method

Random Selection Cycle Counting Method

Diminishing Population Cycle Counting

Method

Product Categories Cycle Counting

Method

A-B-C Analysis Cycle Counting Method

When to Count

Who Should Count

Recap

Review Questions

Chapter 7 Basics of Supply Chain Risk Management

SCM in a Perfect World

Primary Risks in SCM

Globalization and Supply Chain Complexity

Conflicting Interests

System Fluctuations Over Time

Evolving Relationships

Product Complexity

Inadequacy of Insurance

Suppliers

The Bullwhip Effect

Disruption in Communications

Inadequate Software

Suggested Solutions to SCM Problems

Analysis of Risks

Supplier Assessment

Lessen the Bullwhip Effect through Coordination

Within the Supply Chain

Contracts That Do and Don’t Coordinate the

Supply Chain

Inventory Levels

Recap

Review Questions

Bibliography

Index

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