Essentials of Medical Geology: Impacts of the Natural Environment on Public Health / Edition 1

Essentials of Medical Geology: Impacts of the Natural Environment on Public Health / Edition 1

by Elsevier Science
     
 

ISBN-10: 0126363412

ISBN-13: 9780126363418

Pub. Date: 01/25/2005

Publisher: Elsevier Science

This authoritative reference volume emphasizes the importance and interrelationships of geological processes to the health and diseases of humans and animals. Its accessible format fosters better communication between the health and geoscience communities by elucidating the geologic origins and flow of toxic elements in the environment that lead to human exposure

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Overview

This authoritative reference volume emphasizes the importance and interrelationships of geological processes to the health and diseases of humans and animals. Its accessible format fosters better communication between the health and geoscience communities by elucidating the geologic origins and flow of toxic elements in the environment that lead to human exposure through the consumption of food and water.

For example, problems of excess intake from drinking water have been encountered for several inorganic compounds, including fluoride in Africa and India; arsenic in certain areas of Argentina, Chile, and Taiwan; selenium in seleniferous areas in the U.S., Venezuela, and China; and nitrate in agricultural areas with heavy use of fertilizers. Environmental influences on vector borne diseases and stormflow water quality influences are also featured. Numerous examples of the environmental influences on human health from across the globe are also presented and discussed in this volume.

• Covers recent advances and future research topics at the intersection of environmental science and public health
• Developed by 60 experts from 20 countries and edited by professionals from the International Working Group on Medical Geology
• Includes 200+ color photographs and illustrations
• Organizes information in a highly structured format for easy reference
• Written for a broad audience, ranging from students, researchers, and medical professionals to policymakers and the general public

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780126363418
Publisher:
Elsevier Science
Publication date:
01/25/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
832
Product dimensions:
8.80(w) x 11.30(h) x 1.70(d)

Table of Contents

1. Medical Geology: Perspective and Prospective

I. Environmental Biology
2. Natural Distribution and Abundance of Elements
3. Anthropogenic Sources
4. Uptake of Elements from a Chemical Point of View
5. Uptake of Elements from a Biological Point of View
6. Biological Functions of the Elements
7. Geological Impacts on Nutrition
8. Biological Responses of Elements

II. Pathways and exposures
9. Volcanic Emissions and Health
10. Radon in Air and Water
11. Arsenic in Groundwater and the Environment
12. Fluoride in Natural Waters
13. Water Hardness and Health Effects
14. Bioavailability of Elements in Soil
15. Selenium Deficiency and Toxicity in the Environment
16. Soils and Iodine Deficiency
17. Geophagy and the Involuntary Ingestion of Soil
18. Natural Aerosolic Mineral Dusts and Human Health
19. The Ecology of Soil-borne Human Pathogens
20. Animals and Medical Geology

III. Environmental Toxicology, Pathology and Medical Geology
21. Environmental Epidemiology
22. Environmental Medicine
23. Environmental Pathology
24. Toxicology
25. Speciation of Trace Elements

IV. Techniques and Tools
26. GIS in Human Health Studies
27. Investigating Vector-borne and Zoonotic Diseases with Remote Sensing and GIS
28. Mineralogy of Bone
29. Inorganic and Organic Geochemistry Techniques
30. Histochemical and Microprobe Analysis in Medical Geology
31. Modeling Ground Water Flow and Quality

APPENDICES

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