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The Essentials of Performance Analysis: An Introduction / Edition 1

The Essentials of Performance Analysis: An Introduction / Edition 1

by Mike Hughes

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ISBN-10: 0415423791

ISBN-13: 9780415423793

Pub. Date: 01/28/2008

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

What is performance analysis and how does its use benefit sports performance?

How can you use performance analysis in your sport?

The Essentials of Performance Analysis answers your questions, providing a complete guide to the foundational elements of match and performance analysis for new students and beginners.

As well as a basic introduction to the


What is performance analysis and how does its use benefit sports performance?

How can you use performance analysis in your sport?

The Essentials of Performance Analysis answers your questions, providing a complete guide to the foundational elements of match and performance analysis for new students and beginners.

As well as a basic introduction to the sport science and theory that underlies performance analysis, the book contains many practical examples to show performance analysis in its applied context. It includes discussion of:

  • approaches to analyzing sport performance
  • the use of feedback technologies
  • the use of video and biomechanical analysis
  • interpreting data
  • coaching with notational analysis.

The Essentials of Performance Analysis is a straightforward, concise and authoritative guide for students of sport science and sports coaching, as well as for coaches and athletes looking to develop their insight into sports performance analysis.

Product Details

Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
Product dimensions:
6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Notes on contributors     xiii
Preface     xxi
Introduction     xxii
Acknowledgements     xxxii
The Need for Feedback   Dana Maslovat   Ian M. Franks     1
Introduction: feedback     1
The coaching process and its problems     3
The need for objective information     4
What is Performance Analysis?   Mike Hughes   Roger Bartlett     8
Introduction     8
Notational analysis     9
Introduction     9
The applications of notation     11
Tactical evaluation     11
Technical evaluation     12
Movement analysis     13
Development of a database and modelling     14
Educational applications     15
Biomechanics - what is the biomechanical view of performance analysis?     15
The Provision of Information   Nicola J. Hodges   Ian M. Franks     21
Introduction     21
Augmented feedback     23
Positive effects     23
Negative effects     24
Additional factors to consider when providing feedback     27
Demonstrations andinstructions     28
Positive effects     28
Providing a reference-of-correctness     28
Effective demonstrations     29
Conveying a strategy     30
Comparing pre-practice methods     30
Negative effects     31
Movement strategies     31
Searching for the critical information     32
Attentional focus     34
Implicit learning/re-investment     35
Overview of instructions and demonstrations     37
Conclusions     37
Video Feedback and Information Technologies   Dario G. Liebermann   Ian M. Franks     40
Introduction     40
Extrinsic and intrinsic feedback in sports     41
Visual feedback, video and motor learning     42
Qualitative feedback and quantification of performance using video-based technologies     44
Quantitative feedback derived from complex simulations     46
Watching versus performing movements in three-dimensions: virtual and real environments     47
Video technology and temporal feedback     48
Immediacy as a pre-requisite for the effective use of feedback during skill acquisition     49
An Overview of the Development of Notational Analysis    Mike Hughes     51
Introduction     51
The development of sport-specific notation systems (hand notation)     53
Introduction to computerized notational analysis     58
Some research using computer systems     60
Modelling     65
Empirical models     66
Dynamic systems     67
Critical incident technique     68
Statistical techniques     71
Artificial Intelligence     74
Current areas of research and support     74
Research into the methodology and theory of notational analysis     79
The future of notational analysis     81
Sports Analysis   Mike Hughes     85
Introduction     85
Creating flowcharts     86
Levels of analysis - the team, subsidiary units and individuals     92
How do We Design Simple Systems? How to Develop a Notation System   Mike Hughes     98
Introduction     98
Data collection systems     98
Scatter diagrams     98
Frequency tables     101
Sequential data systems     103
Data collection systems in general     108
Examples of Notation Systems    Mike Hughes     111
Introduction     111
Individual sports     111
A notation system for tennis     111
Description of point     113
Results     116
Summary of results     117
Discussion and conclusions     117
A notation system for boxing     117
Collated data and results     121
Conclusions     123
Team sports     124
A notation system for basketball     124
Conclusion and discussion     126
A notation system for soccer     127
Method     127
Results     128
Analysis     128
Discussion     132
Adjustments to the system     133
A notation system for netball     134
Method     135
Notation symbols     135
The record sheet     137
Recording a sequence     137
Results     137
A motion analysis of work-rate in different positional roles in field hockey     140
Aim     140
Hypothesis     140
Devising the method     140
Pilot study      141
Finalized method     141
Limitations     143
Operational definitions     143
Reliability     143
Results     145
Application     149
Conclusion     149
Recommendations for further research     149
Analysis of Notation Data: Reliability   Mike Hughes     150
Introduction     150
The nature of the data; the depth of analysis     151
Sample data     151
The sequential nature of data     152
Consistency of percentage difference calculations     153
Processing data     154
Visual interpretation of the data (a modified Bland and Altman plot)     156
Sample data     157
Qualitative Biomechanical Analysis of Technique   Adrian Lees     162
Introduction     162
The phase analysis model and movement principles     164
The phase analysis model     164
Movement principles     166
Speed (S) principles     167
Force (F) principles     168
Coordination (C) principles     170
Specific performance (P) principles     172
An application of the phase analysis model and movement principles     172
The performance outcome model     176
An application of the Hay and Reid performance outcome model     177
Time-Motion Analysis   Peter G. O'Donoghue     180
Introduction     180
Time-motion analysis of running events     182
Time-motion analysis of racket sports     185
Team games     191
The Bloomfield movement classification     201
Probability Analysis of Notated Events in Sport Contests: Skill and Chance   Tim McGarry     206
Introduction     206
Sports contests     206
Skill and chance     207
Probability: stationarity and independence     207
Taking a random walk in a field of probabilities     208
Taking a random walk in sports contests: investigation of scoring structure     210
Taking a random walk in sports contests: investigation of behaviours (shots) and outcomes in squash contests     213
Stochastic processes, shot selections and outcomes in squash contests     213
Computer simulation     220
Identification of optimal decision-making strategies     220
Interactions between the winner-error profiles     221
Interactions between shot-response profiles     223
Rule Changes in Sport and the Role of Notation   Jason Williams     226
Introduction     226
Safety     228
Natural development and progression     231
Entertainment, commercialization and the media     234
The role of notational analysis in tracking the effect of rules changes     238
Conclusion     241
Performance Analysis in the Media   Nic James     243
Introduction     243
Classifying games     244
Invasion games     245
Soccer     245
Rugby union     249
Basketball     250
Net and wall games     253
Striking and fielding games     256
Golf     257
Cricket     259
Notational Analysis of Coaching Behaviour   Kenny More     264
Introduction: the coaching process     264
Notational analysis of coaching behaviour     265
Effective coaching     265
Teaching and coaching behaviour - a historical perspective     266
Systematic observation     267
Systematic observation instruments     267
Effective coaching behaviours      270
Understanding the data     270
Should comments be skill- or non-skill related?     271
The focus of skill-related comments     272
The timing of skill-related comments     273
The delivery of skill-related comments     273
The emphasis of skill-related comments     274
The case for non-skill-related comments     274
Modification of coaching behaviour     274
Bibliography     277
Glossary of terms     300
Index     302

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