Essentials of Pharmacology for Nurses / Edition 1

Hardcover (Print)
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Overview

This accessible book introduces pharmacology and calculations in a friendly, informative way. The book focuses on the pharmacology knowledge needed at pre-registration level and does not assume previous knowledge of pharmacology, or a level of confidence with maths and drugs calculations.

Barber and Robertson build on your existing knowledge of anatomy and physiology to help give a holistic understanding of pharmacology and the relevant body systems. This user-friendly text includes:

Calculation sections containing 90 calculations to help you perfect your skills

100 multiple choice questions to help you assess your learning

Clinical tip boxes linking pharmacology to the role of the nurse

Patient scenarios from a range of different clinical settings, demonstrating pharmacology in clinical settings

The book emphasises application of pharmacological principles to all areas of practice, including drug action, interaction and side effects. Among the topics covered are:

Local anaesthetics and analgesics

Anti-inflammatory drugs

Drugs used for chronic conditions

Drugs used in mental health

Legal and professional issues

Essentials of Pharmacology for Nurses is core reading for all pre-registration nurses.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780335234035
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
  • Publication date: 7/1/2009
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 264
  • Product dimensions: 7.60 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul Barber is Senior Lecturer at the University of Chester, UK, with 33 years nursing experience.

Deborah Robertson is Senior Lecturer in Adult Nursing and Pharmacology in the Faculty of Health and Social Care at University of Chester, UK.

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Table of Contents

Introduction ix

About the Authors x

1 Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics 1

Learning Objectives 1

Introduction 2

Absorption 2

Distribution 4

Biotransformation 4

Excretion 5

General and molecular aspects 5

Drug action 6

Agonistic and antagonistic drug action 7

Basic Introduction to units and conversions 8

Case Studies 10

Key learning points 11

Calculations 12

Multiple choice questions 13

Recommended further reading 14

2 Adverse drug reactions and interactions 15

Learning Objectives 15

Introduction 16

Main Mechanisms of drug interactions 16

Adverse drug reactions 17

Clinical significance of drug interactions to the patient 18

Major groups of drugs involved in adverse drug reactions 18

Steps in minimizing the effects of adverse drug interactions 19

Age-related adverse drug reactions 19

Case studies 21

Key learning points 21

Multiple choice questions 22

Recommend further reading 24

3 Local anaethetics and analgesics 25

Learning objectives 25

Introduction 26

Local anaesthetics 31

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs 35

Opioid analgesics 37

Opioid antagonists 38

Case studies 39

Key learning points 40

Calculations 41

Multiple choice questions 42

Recommended further reading 43

4 Antimicrobials 45

Learning objectives 46

Introduction 46

Interferance with folate 48

Beta-lactam antibiotics 48

Interference with protein synthesis 49

Inhibition of bacterial DNA 51

Drugs used to treat tuberculosis 52

Virai disease 54

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 54

Other antiviral drugs 56

Fungal infections 58

Antifungal drugs 59

Protozoa 62

Case studies 65

Key learning points 65

Calculations68

Multiple choice questions 69

Recommended further reading 70

5 Anti-inflammatory drugs 73

Learning objectives 73

Introduction 74

Non-steroidal anti-infalmmatory drugs 76

Cyclo-oxgenase pathway 2 inhibitors 77

Asprin 77

Paracetamol 78

Histamine 78

Steroids 79

Antirheumatoid drugs 80

Case studies 83

Key learning points 83

Calculations 85

Multiple choice questions 86

Recommended further reading 88

6 Anticoagulant therapy 89

Learning objectives 89

Introduction 90

Blood clotting and the development of thrombosis 91

Drugs that act on the clotting cascade 91

Case study 96

Key learning points 96

Calculations 97

Multiple choice questions 98

Recommended further reading 99

7 Drugs used in chronic conditions 101

Learning objectives 102

Introduction 102

Asthma 102

Drugs used in treating asthma 103

Diabetes 107

Medicine management of diabetes 109

Hypertension 114

Parkinson's disease 118

Epilepsy 120

Case studies 124

Key learning points 125

Calculations 126

Multiple choice questions 127

Recommended further reading 129

8 Drugs used in mental health 131

Learning objectives 131

Introduction 132

Anxiety 132

Medicine and management of anxiety 133

Depression 135

Medicine management of depression 137

Psychosis 140

Case studies 144

Key learning points 144

Calculations 146

Multiple choice questions 147

Recommended further reading 148

9 Patient concordance 149

Learning objectives 149

Introduction 149

Adherence, compliance and concordance 150

Factors influencing effective medicine use and concordance 150

Patient empowerment in chronic disease management 152

Case studies 155

Key learning points 155

Calculations 156

Multiple choice questions 157

Recommended further reading 158

10 Legal and Professional issues 159

Learning objectives 159

Introduction 159

The correct patient 160

The correct medicine 160

The correct dose 160

The correct site and method of administration 161

Covert administration of medicines 162

Alteration of medicines 162

Reporting of drug errors 163

Controlled drugs 163

Supply and administration of medicines 164

Prescribing law and non-medical prescribing 165

Case studies 166

Key learning points 167

Multiple choice questions 169

Recommended further reading 170

Conclusion 171

Glossary 173

Answers 175

Index 183

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