Essentials of Sociology: A Down to Earth Approach / Edition 7

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Overview

Henslin's best-selling brief paperback text shares the excitement of sociology–its acclaimed “down-to-earth” approach and personal writing style highlight the sociology of everyday life and its relevance to students' lives. This text is a brief version of the highly regarded hardcover introductory text, Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach, 7/e. The essential 15 chapters cover all of the topics in the 22-chapter text, and retain the dual emphases on micro and macro (individual and structural) sociology. James Henslin has a unique ability to engage students without talking down to them or sacrificing content. With wit, personal reflection, and illuminating examples, he shares with readers a passion for sociology unmatched by any other introductory text.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205504404
  • Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
  • Publication date: 11/23/2006
  • Series: MySocLab Series
  • Edition description: 7TH PKG
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 560
  • Product dimensions: 8.48 (w) x 9.94 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Table of Contents

Brief Table of Contents

 

Part I The Sociological Perspective

 

Chapter 1  The Sociological Perspective

Chapter 2  Culture

Chapter 3  Socialization

Chapter 4  Social Structure and Social Interaction

 

Part II Social Groups and Social Control

 

Chapter 5  Social Groups and Formal Organizations

Chapter 6  Deviance and Social Control

 

Part III Social Inequality

 

Chapter 7  Global Stratification

Chapter 8  Social Class in the United States

Chapter 9  Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity

Chapter 10  Inequalities of Gender and Age

 

Part IV Social Institutions

 

Chapter 11  Politics and the Economy

Chapter 12  Marriage and Family

Chapter 13  Education and Religion

 

Part V Social Change

 

Chapter 14  Population and Urbanization

Chapter 15  Social Change: Technology, Social Movements, and the Environment

 

 

 

Full Table of Contents

 

Part I    The Sociological Perspective

 

Chapter 1     The Sociological Perspective

            Seeing the Broader Social Context

Origins of Sociology

            Tradition Versus Science

            Auguste Comte and Positivism

            Herbert Spencer and Social Darwinism

            Karl Marx and Class Conflict

            Emile Durkheim and Social Integration

            Max Weber and the Protestant Ethic

Sexism in Early Sociology

            Attitudes of the Time

            Harriet Martineau and Early Social Research

Sociology in North America

            Early History: The Tension Between Social Reform and Sociological Analysis

            Jane Addams and Social Reform

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Early North American Sociology: Du Bois and Race Relations

            W. E. B. Du Bois and Race Relations

            Talcott Parsons and C. Wright Mills: Theory Versus Reform

            The Continuing Tension and the Rise of Applied Sociology

             Down-to-Earth Sociology: Careers in Sociology: What Applied Sociologists

                        Do

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Capturing Sadaam Hussein: A Surprising Example of Applied Sociology

Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology

            Symbolic Interactionism

            Functional Analysis

            Conflict Theory

            Levels of Analysis: Macro and Micro

            Putting the Theoretical Perspectives Together

            How Theory and Research Work Together

Doing Sociological Research

            A Research Model

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Enjoying a Sociology Quiz–Sociological Findings
                        Versus Common Sense

Research Methods

            Surveys

             Down-to-Earth Sociology: Loading the Dice: How Not to Do Research

            Participant Observation (Fieldwork)

            Secondary Analysis

            Documents

            Experiments

            Unobtrusive Measures

Ethics in Sociological Research

            Protecting the Subjects: The Brajuha Research

            Misleading the Subjects: The Humphreys Research

            Values in Sociological Research

Summary and Review

 

2        Culture

What Is Culture?

            Culture and Taken-for-Granted Orientations to Life

            Practicing Cultural Relativism

            Cultural Diversity Around the World: You Are What You Eat? An Exploration in Cultural Relativity

Components of Symbolic Culture

            Gestures

            Language

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Emoticons: “Written Gestures” for Expressing Yourself Online

            Cultural Diversity in the United States: Miami–Language in a Changing City

            Language and Perception: The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis

            Cultural Diversity in the United States: Race and Language: Searching for Self- Labels

            Values, Norms, and Sanctions

            Folkways and Mores

Many Cultural Worlds

            Subcultures

            Countercultures

Values in U.S. Society

            An Overview of U.S. Values

            Mass Media in Social Life: Why Do Native Americans Like Westerns?

            Value Clusters

            Value Contradictions and Social Change

            Emerging Values

            Culture Wars: When Values Clash

            Values as Blinders

            “Ideal” Versus “Real” Culture

Technology in the Global Village

            The New Technology

            Cultural Lag and Cultural Change

            Technology and Cultural Leveling

Summary and Review

 

3          Socialization

What Is Human Nature?

            Feral Children

            Isolated Children

            Institutionalized Children

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Heredity or Environment? The Case of Oskar and Jack, Identical Twins

            Deprived Animals

Socialization into the Self and Mind

            Cooley and the Looking-Glass Self

            Mead and Role-Taking

            Piaget and the Development of Reasoning

            Global Aspects of the Self and Reasoning

Learning Personality and Emotions

            Freud and the Development of Personality

            Socialization into Emotions

            Cultural Diversity Around the World: Do You See What I See?: Eastern and Western Ways of Perceiving and Thinking

            Society Within Us:  The Self and Emotions as Social Control

Socialization into Gender

            Gender Messages in the Family

            Gender Messages From Peers

            Gender Messages in the Mass Media

Agents of Socialization

            The Family

            Mass Media in Social Life: From Xena, Warrior Princess, to Lara Croft, Tomb Raider: Changing Images of Women in the Mass Media

            The Neighborhood

            Religion

            Day Care

            The School and Peer Groups

             Cultural Diversity in the United States: Caught Between Two Worlds

            The Workplace

Resocialization

            Total Institutions

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Boot Camp as a Total Institution

Socialization Through the Life Course

            Childhood (From Birth to About Age 12)

            Adolescence (Ages 13-17)

            Transitional Adulthood (Ages 18-29)

            The Middle Years (Ages 30-65)

            The Older Years (About 65 on)

Are We Prisoners of Socialization?

Summary and Review

 

4          Social Structure and Social Interaction

Levels of Sociological Analysis

            Macrosociology and Microsociology

The Macrosociological Perspective: Social Structure

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: College Football as Social Structure

            Culture

             Social Class

            Social Status

            Roles

            Groups

            Social Institutions

            Societies–and Their Transformations

            Biotech Society: Is a New Type of Society Emerging?

            Sociology and the New Technology: “So, You Want to Be Yourself?” Cloning in the Coming Biotech Society

            What Holds Society Together?

            Cultural Diversity in the United States: The Amish: Gemeinschaft Community
                        in a Gesellschaft Society

The Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life

            Stereotypes in Everyday Life

            Personal Space

            Down to Earth Sociology: Beauty May Be Only Skin Deep, But Its Effects Go On Forever: Stereotypes in Everyday Life

            Dramaturgy: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life

            Mass Media in Social Life: You Can’t Be Thin Enough: Body Images and the Mass Media

            Ethnomethodology: Uncovering Background Assumptions

            The Social Construction of Reality

            Social Interaction on the Internet

The Need for Both Macrosociology and Microsociology

            Sociology and the New Technology: When Worlds Collide: Virtual Reality and the Real World

            Through the Author's Lens: When a Tornado Strikes   

Summary and Review

 

Part II

Social Groups and Social Control

 

5          Social Groups and Formal Organizations

Social Groups

            Primary Groups

            Secondary Groups

            In-Groups and Out-Groups

            Reference Groups

             Social Networks

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Facebooking: The Lazy (But Efficient) Way to Meet Friends

            A New Group: Electronic Communities

Bureaucracies

            The Characteristics of Bureaucracies

            Cultural Diversity in the United States: How Our Own Social Networks Perpetuate Social Inequality

            The Perpetuation of Bureaucracies

            The Rationalization of Society

            Coping with Bureaucracies

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: The McDonaldization of Society

Working for the Corporation

            Stereotypes and the “Hidden” Corporate Culture

            Thinking Critically: Managing Diversity on the Workplace

            U.S. and Japanese Corporations

Group Dynamics

            Effects of Group Size on Stability and Intimacy

             Effects of Group Size on Attitudes and Behavior

            Leadership

            The Power of Peer Pressure: The Asch Experiment

            The Power of Authority: The Milgram Experiment

            Thinking Critically: If Hitler Asked You to Execute a Stranger, Would You? The Milgram Experiment

            Global Consequences of Group Dynamics: Groupthink

Summary and Review

 

6          Deviance and Social Control

What Is Deviance?

            Cultural Diversity Around the World: Human Sexuality in Cross-Cultural Perspective

            How Norms Make Social Life Possible

            Sanctions

            Thinking Critically: Is It Rape, or Is It Marriage? A Study in Culture Clash

            Competing Explanations of Deviance: Sociobiology, Psychology, and

                        Sociology

The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective

Differential Association Theory

            Control Theory

            Labeling Theory

The Functionalist Perspective

            Can Deviance Really Be Functional for Society?

            Strain Theory: How Social Values Produce Deviance

            Illegitimate Opportunity Structures: Social Class and Crime

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Islands in the Street: Urban Gangs in the United

                        States

The Conflict Perspective

            Class, Crime, and the Criminal Justice System

            Power and Inequality

            The Law as an Instrument of Oppression

Reactions to Deviance

            Street Crime and Prisons

            Thinking Critically: “Three Strikes and You're Out!”: Unintended Consequences of Well-Intended Laws

             The Decline in Crime

            Recidivism

            The Death Penalty and Bias

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: The Killer Next Door: Serial Murderers in Our

                        Midst

            Legal Change

            Thinking Critically: Changing Views: Making Hate a Crime

            The Medicalization of Deviance: Mental Illness

            The Homeless Mentally Ill

            The Need for a More Humane Approach

Summary and Review

 

Part III

Social Inequality

 

7          Global Stratification

Systems of Social Stratification

            Slavery

            Mass Media in Social Life: What Price Freedom? Slavery Today

            Caste

            Class

            Global Stratification and the Status of Females

What Determines Social Class?

            Karl Marx: The Means of Production

            Max Weber: Property, Prestige, and Power

Why Is Social Stratification Universal?

            The Functionalist Perspective: Motivating Qualified People

            The Conflict Perspective: Class Conflict and Scarce Resources

            Lenski’s Synthesis

How Do Elites Maintain Stratification?

            Ideology Versus Force

Comparative Social Stratification

            Social Stratification in Great Britain

            Social Stratification in the Former Soviet Union

Global Stratification: Three Worlds

            The Most Industrialized Nations

            The Industrializing Nations

            Thinking Critically: Open Season: Children as Prey

            The Least Industrialized Nations

            Through the Author's Lens: The Dump People

How Did the World’s Nations Become Stratified?

            Colonialism

            World System Theory

            Thinking Critically: When Globalization Comes Home: Maquiladores South of

the Border

            Culture of Poverty

            Evaluating the Theories

Maintaining Global Stratification

            Neocolonialism

            Multinational Corporations

            Technology and Global Domination

            A Concluding Note

Summary and Review

 

8          Social Class in the United States

What Is Social Class?

            Property (Wealth)

            Power

            Prestige

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: How the Super-Rich Live

            Status Inconsistency

Sociological Models of Social Class

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: The Big Win: Life After the Lottery

            Updating Marx

            Updating Weber

            Social Class in the Automobile Industry

Consequences of Social Class

            Family Life

            Education

            Religion

            Politics

            Physical Health

            Mental Health

            Thinking Critically: Mental Illness and Inequality in Health Care

Social Mobility

            Three Types of Social Mobility

            Cultural Diversity in the United States: Social Class and the Upward Mobility of African Americans

            Women in Studies of Social Mobility

            The New Technology and Fears of the Future

Poverty

            Drawing the Poverty Line

            Who Are the Poor?

            Down-to Earth Sociology: Exploring Myths About the Poor

            Children of Poverty

            Thinking Critically: The Nation's Shame: Children in Poverty

            The Dynamics of Poverty

            Welfare Reform

            Why Are People Poor?

            Where Is Horatio Alger? The Social Functions of a Myth

Summary and Review

 

9          Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity

Laying the Sociological Foundation

            Race: Myth and Reality

            Ethnic Groups

            Cultural Diversity in the United States: Tiger Woods and the Emerging Multiracial Identity: Mapping New Ethnic Terrain

            Minority and Dominant Groups

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Can a Plane Ride Change Your Race?

            How People Construct Their Racial-Ethnic Identity

            Learning Prejudice

            Individual and Institutional Discrimination

Theories of Prejudice

            Psychological Perspectives

            Sociological Perspectives

Global Patterns of Intergroup Relations

            Genocide

            Population Transfer

            Internal Colonialism

            Segregation

            Assimilation

            Multiculturalism (Pluralism)

Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States

            Cultural Diversity in the United States and Around the World: “You Can Work for Us, But You Can’t Live Near Us”

             European Americans

            Latinos

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack: Exploring Cultural Privilege

            African Americans

            Thinking Critically: Reparations for Slavery: Justice or Foolishness?

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Stealth Racism in the Rental Market: What You

Reveal by Your Voice

            Asian Americans

            Native Americans

Looking Toward the Future

            The Immigration Debate

            Cultural Diversity in the United States: Glimpsing the Future: The Shifting U.S. Racial—Ethnic Mix

            Affirmative Action

            Toward a True Multicultural Society

Summary and Review

 

10        Inequalities of Gender and Age

Inequalities of Gender

Issues of Sex and Gender

             Gender Differences in Behavior: Biology or Culture?

            Through the Author's Lens: Gender and Work: Women at Work in India

            Opening the Door to Biology

How Females Became a Minority Group

            The Origins of Patriarchy

            Cultural Diversity Around the World: “Psst. You Wanna Buy a Bride?” China in Transition

Gender Inequality in the United States

            Fighting Back: The Rise of Feminism

            Gender Inequality in Education

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: The Gender Gap in Math and Science: A National Debate

            Gender Inequality in Health Care

            Gender Inequality in the Workplace

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Cold-Hearted Surgeons and Their Women Victims

            Sexual Harassment–And Worse

            Gender and Violence

             Cultural Diversity Around the World: Female Circumcision

The Changing Face of Politics

            Glimpsing the Future–with Hope

Inequalities of Aging

Aging in Global Perspective

            The Social Construction of Aging

            Industrialization and the Graying of the Globe

            The Graying of America

The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective

            Ageism: The Concept

            Shifting Meanings of Growing Old

            The Influence of the Mass Media

            Mass Media in Social Life: Shaping Our Perceptions of the Elderly

The Functionalist Perspective

            Disengagement Theory

            Activity Theory

            Continuity Theory

The Conflict Perspective

            Social Security Legislation

            Intergenerational Conflict

Looking Toward the Future

            Thinking Critically: How Long Do You Want to Live? Approaching

                        Methuselah

Summary and Review

 

Part IV

Social Institutions

 

11        Politics and the Economy

Politics: Establishing Leadership

Power, Authority, and Violence

            Authority and Legitimate Violence

            Traditional Authority

            Rational-Legal Authority

            Charismatic Authority

            The Transfer of Authority

Types of Government

            Monarchies: The Rise of the State

            Democracies: Citizenship as a Revolutionary Idea

            Dictatorships and Oligarchies: The Seizure of Power

The U.S. Political System

            Political Parties and Elections

            Voting Patterns

             Lobbyists and Special-Interest Groups

Who Rules the United States?

            The Functionalist Perspective: Pluralism

            The Conflict Perspective: The Power Elite

            Which View Is Right?

War and Terrorism: Ways of Implementing Political Objectives

            War

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Prisoner Abuse at Abu Ghraib: A Normal Event

            Terrorism

            The Economy: Work in the Global Village

The Transformation of Economic Systems

            Preindustrial Societies: The Birth of Inequality

            Industrial Societies: The Birth of the Machine

            Postindustrial Societies: The Birth of the Information Age

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Is Big Brother Knocking on the Door? Civil Liberties and Homeland Security

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Your Author Is a Suspect!

             Biotech Societies: The Merger of Biology and Economics

            Implications for Your Life

            Ominous Trends in the United States

            Through the Author's Lens: Small Town USA

            World Economic Systems

            Capitalism

            Socialism

            Ideologies of Capitalism and Socialism

            Criticisms of Capitalism and Socialism

            The Convergence of Capitalism and Socialism

Capitalism in a Global Economy

            Corporate Capitalism

            Multinational Corporations

            A New World Order?

            Cultural Diversity Around the World: Doing Business in the Global Village

Summary and Review

 

12        Marriage and Family

Marriage and Family in Global Perspective

            What Is a Family?

            Common Cultural Themes

Marriage and Family in Theoretical Perspective

            The Functionalist Perspective: Functions and Dysfunctions

            The Conflict Perspective: Gender and Power

            Thinking Critically: The Second Shift–Strains and Strategies

            The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: Gender and Housework

The Family Life Cycle

            Love and Courtship in Global Perspective

            Cultural Diversity Around the World: East Is East and West Is West: Love and Arranged Marriage in India

            Marriage

            Childbirth and Child Rearing

            Family Transitions in Later Life

Diversity in U.S. Families

            African American Families

            Latino Families

             Asian American Families

            Native American Families

            Single-Parent Families

            Families Without Children

            Blended Families

            Gay and Lesbian Families

Trends in U.S. Families

            Postponing Marriage and Childbirth

            Cohabitation

            Unmarried Mothers

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: “You Want Us to Live Together? What Do You Mean By That?”

            Grandparents as Parents

            The Sandwich Generation and Elder Care

Divorce and Remarriage

            Problems in Measuring Divorce

            Children of Divorce

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: “What Are Your Chances of Getting Divorced?”

            Grandchildren of Divorce

            The Absent Father and Serial Fatherhood

            The Ex-Spouses

            Remarriage

Two Sides of Family Life

            The Dark Side of Family Life: Battering, Child Abuse, and Incest

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: “Why Doesn’t She Just Leave?” The Dilemma of Abused Women

            The Bright Side of Family Life: Successful Marriages

The Future of Marriage and Family

Summary and Review

 

13        Education and Religion

Education: Transferring Knowledge and Skills

Education in Global Perspective

            Education and Industrialization

            Education in the Most Industrialized Nations: Japan

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Community Colleges: Challenges Old and New

            Education in the Industrializing Nations: Russia

            Education in the Least Industrialized Nations: Egypt

The Functionalist Perspective: Providing Social Benefits

            Teaching Knowledge and Skills

            Cultural Transmission of Values

            Social Integration

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Home Schooling: The Search for Quality and

                        Values

            Gatekeeping

The Conflict Perspective: Perpetuating Social Inequality

            The Hidden Curriculum

            Tilting the Tests: Discrimination by IQ

            Stacking the Deck: Unequal Funding

The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: Fulfilling Teacher Expectations

            The Rist Research

            How Do Teacher Expectations Work?

Problems in U.S. Education–And Their Solutions

            Problems: Mediocrity and Violence

            Solutions: Safety and Standards

             Thinking Critically: Breaking Through the Barriers: Restructuring the

                        Classroom

Religion: Establishing Meaning

What Is Religion?

The Functionalist Perspective

            Functions of Religion

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Religion and Health: What We Know and Don't

                        Know

            Dysfunctions of Religion

The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective

            Religious Symbols

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Terrorism and the Mind of God

            Rituals and Beliefs

            Religious Experience

The Conflict Perspective

            Opium of the People

            A Legitimation of Social Inequalities

Religion and the Spirit of Capitalism

Types of Religious Groups

             Cult

            Sect

            Church

            Ecclesia

            Variations in Patterns

Religion in the United States

            Characteristics of Members

            Characteristics of Religious Groups

            Secularization and the Splintering of U.S. Churches

The Future of Religion

Summary and Review

 

Part V

Social Change

 

14        Population and Urbanization

Population in Global Perspective

A Planet with No Space to Enjoy Life?

            The New Malthusians

            The Anti-Malthusians

            Who Is Correct?

            Why Are People Starving?

Population Growth

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: How the Tsunami Can Help Us to Understand Population Growth

            Why the Least Industrialized Nations Have So Many Children

            Implications of Different Rates of Growth

            The Three Demographic Variables

            Problems in Forecasting Population Growth

            Cultural Diversity Around the World: Killing Little Girls: An Ancient and

Thriving Practice

Urbanization

The Development of Cities

            Through the Author's Lens:  A Walk Through El Tiro

            The Process of Urbanization

            U.S. Urban Patterns From Country to City

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Reclaiming Harlem: “It Feeds My Soul”

            The Rural Rebound

            Models of Urban Growth

City Life

            Alienation and Community

            Who Lives in the City?

            Urban Sentiment: Finding a Familiar World

             The Norm of Noninvolvement and the Diffusion of Responsibility

Urban Problems and Social Policy

            Suburbanization

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Urban Fear and the Gated Fortress

            Disinvestment and Deindustrialization

            The Potential of Urban Revitalization

Summary and Review

 

15        Social Change: Technology, Social Movements, and the Environment

How Social Change Transforms Social Life

            The Four Social Revolutions

            From Gemeinschaft to Gesellschaft

            Capitalism, Modernization, and Industrialization

            Conflict, Power, and Global Politics

Theories and Processes of Social Change

            Cultural Evolution

            Natural Cycles

            Conflict over Power

            Ogburn’s Theory

How Technology Changes Society

            The Cutting Edge of Change: The Computer

            Cyberspace and Social Inequality

Social Movements as a Source of Social Change

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: The Coming Star Wars

            Types of Social Movements

            Propaganda and the Mass Media

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: “Tricks of the Trade”–Deception and Persuasion in Propaganda

            The Stages of Social Movements

            Thinking Critically: Which Side of the Barricades? Prochoice and Prolife as a Social Movement

The Growth Machine Versus the Earth

            Environmental Problems in the Most Industrialized Nations

            Down-to-Earth Sociology: Corporations and Big Welfare Bucks: How to Get Paid to Pollute

            Environmental Problems in the Industrializing and Least Industrialized Nations

            The Environmental Movement

             Thinking Critically: Ecosabotage

            Cultural Diversity Around the World: The Rain Forests: Lost Tribes, Lost Knowledge

            Environmental Sociology

Summary and Review

 

Glossary    

Suggested Readings    

References  

Name Index    

Subject Index    

 

Optional Online Chapters (Available on MySocLab)

The Sociology of Human Sexuality

Health and Medicine

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 4, 2007

    Excellent Text

    This is the 4th different edition of 'Essentials of Sociology' that I have taught from since I've started teaching Introduction to Sociology in 2000 starting with the 3rd edition. The text is very informational, includes excellent statistics, great uses of examples, is easy but educational reading for the students. I've also taught from a couple of other sociology textbooks 'not by choice', and Mr. Henslin's textbook is the best by far. I've had numerous students comment over the years that this is by far one of the best textbooks that they've ever read.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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