Essentials of World Regional Geography / Edition 4

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Includes chapter objectives, key terms, critical thinking problems and a variety of self-test questions and answers.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780534168094
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 8/1/2002
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 675
  • Product dimensions: 9.06 (w) x 11.28 (h) x 1.23 (d)

Meet the Author

Christopher "Kit" Salter did his undergraduate work at Oberlin College, with a major in Geography and Geology. He spent three years teaching English at a Chinese university in Taiwan immediately following Oberlin. Graduate work for both the M.A. and the Ph.D. was done at the University of California, Berkeley. He taught at UCLA from 1968 to 1987, when he took on fulltime employment with the National Geographic Society in Washington with his wife, Cathy. They were both involved in the Society's campaign to bring geography back into the American school system. Kit has been professor and chair of the Department of Geography at the University of Missouri, Columbia since moving to the heartland in 1988. Themes that have made Salter glad he choose geography as a life field include landscape study and interpretation in both domestic and foreign settings; landscape study and literature to show students that geography occurs in all writing, not just in textbooks; and geography education to help learners at all levels see the critical nature of geographic issues. He has written more than 125 articles in various aspects of geography; has traveled to a lot of the places that he writes about in his text; and has been wise enough to have a son who is an architect in Los Angeles; a daughter who is a teacher in San Francisco Bay Area; and a neat wife who is a writer in the heart of the heartland in Breakfast Creek, Missouri.

Joseph J. Hobbs received his B.A. at the University of California Santa Cruz in 1978 and his M.A and Ph.D. at the University of Texas-Austin in 1980 and 1986. He is a professor at the University of Missouri-Columbia, and a geographer of the Middle East with many years of field research on biogeography and Bedouin peoples in the deserts of Egypt. Hobbs's interests in the region grew from a boyhood lived in Saudi Arabia and India. His research in Egypt has been supported by Fulbright fellowships, the American Council of Learned Societies, the American Research Center in Egypt, and the National Geographic Society Committee for Research and Exploration. He served as the team leader of the Bedouin Support Program, a component of the St. Katherine National Park project in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula. His current research interests are indigenous peoples participation in protected areas in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Central America; human uses of caves worldwide; and the global narcotics trade. He is the author of BEDOUIN LIFE IN THE EGYPTIAN WILDERNESS and MOUNT SINAI (both University of Texas Press), co-author of THE BIRDS OF EGYPT (Oxford University Press), and co-editor of DANGEROUS HARVEST: DRUG PLANTS AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF INDIGENOUS LANDSCAPES (Oxford). He teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in world regional geography, environmental geography, the geography of the Middle East, the geography of caves, the geography of global current events, the geographies of drugs and terrorism, and a field course on the ancient Maya geography of Belize. He has received the University of Missouri's highest teaching award, the Kemper Fellowship. In summers from 1984 to 1999, he led "adventure travel" tours to remote areas in Latin America, Africa, the Indian Ocean, Asia, Europe, and the High Arctic. Hobbs lives in Missouri with his wife Cindy, daughters Katherine and Lily, and an animal menagerie.

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Table of Contents

I: PERSPECTIVES AND ISSUES IN WORLD REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY. 1. Engaging the Many Meanings of Geography. Geography for Life. Finding and Making Order in Earth Patterns. Worlds Within Worlds. Physical Systems and the Forces of Nature. Human Systems and Landscape Transformation. Human-Environment Interaction. Putting Geography to Use in Understanding Our World. Taking Geography to the Street: Careers in Geography. Definitions and Insights: Spatial Analysis. Landscape in Literature: A Map in Your Hand. Definitions and Insights: The Regional Concept. 2. Physical and Human Processes that Shape World Regions. Patterns of Climate and Vegetation. Biodiversity. Global Environmental Change. Two Revolutions That Have Shaped Regions. The Geography of Development. Population Geography. Where to from Here? Global Perspective: Globalization: The Process and the Backlash. Definitions and Insights: The Fuelwood Crisis. Definitions and Insights: The Second Law of Thermodynamics. Definitions and Insights: Lifeboat Ethics. II: EUROPE. 3. A Geographic Profile of Europe. Area and Population. Physical Geography and Human Adaptations. Cultural and Historical Context. Economic Geography. Geopolitical Issues. Definitions and Insights: Western Civilization. Regional Perspective: Regional Migration Patterns: Legal and Illegal. Definitions and Insights: Local Markets, Long-Distance Trade. Perspectives from the Field: Uncharted Urban Exploration. Definition and Insights: The Politics of River Management. 4. Europe's Dynamic Coreland. The Geographic Foundation Blocks of European Global Influence. Tensions of Past and Present in the United Kingdom. Ireland: Technology as Change Agent in National Prosperity. The Many Worlds of France. The Dominant Importance of Germany. Benelux: Trade Networks as the Key to Prosperity. Switzerland and Austria. Definitions and Insights: Enclosure. Regional Perspective: Urban Location Dynamics: The Geography of Shifting Factors of Economic Success. Landscape in Literature: The Walking Drum. Problem Landscape: The European Union and the Horror of Mad Cow Disease. Regional Perspective: The Geography of Discontent. Definitions and Insights: The Polder and the Cultural Landscape. 5. Europe Northern, Southern, Eastern. Northern Europe: Prosperous, Isolated, and Distinct. Southern Europe: The Mediterranean World. Eastern Europe: Struggles for Economic and Political Transformation. Definitions and Insights: Hydroelectricity. Landscape in Literature: The Cloud Sketcher. Definitions and Insights: Irrigation. Definitions and Insights: Shatter Belt. Problem Landscape: "Bosnia, Sort Of". III: RUSSIA AND THE NEAR ABROAD. 6. A Geographic Profile of Russia and the Near Abroad. Area and Population. Physical Geography and Human Adaptations. Cultural and Historical Context. Economic Geography. Geopolitical Issues. Regional Perspective: Areal Names of Russia and the Near Abroad. Definitions and Insights: The Russian Cross. Perspectives from the Field: Into the Russian Arctic. Definitions and Insights: The USSR and Other Land Empires. Definitions and Insights: Barter. 7. Fragmentation and Redevelopment in Russia and the Near Abroad. Peoples and Nations of the Fertile Triangle. Agriculture in the Russian Coreland. The Industrial Potential of the Russian Coreland. The Russian Far East. The Northern Lands of Russia. The Future of the Russian Federation. The Caucasus. The Central Asian Countries. Regional Perspective: The Sex Trade. Landscape in Literature: Spring Comes to the Urals. Problem Landscape: Nuclear Waste Simmers in Russia's High Arctic. Regional Perspective: Oil in the Caspian Basin. IV: THE MIDDLE EAST. 8. A Geographic Profile of the Middle East and North Africa. Area and Population. Physical Geography and Human Adaptations. Cultural and Historical Context. Economic Geography. Geopolitical Issues. Perspectives from the Field: Wayfinding in the Desert. Definitions and Insights: Shi''ite and Sunni Muslims. Regional Perspective: Islamic Fundamentalism. 9. Countries of the Middle East and North Africa: Modern Struggles in an ANCIENT LAND. The Arab-Israeli Conflict and Its Setting. Egypt: The Gift of the Nile. Sudan: Bridge Between the Middle East and Africa. Libya: Deserts, Oil, and a Defiant Survivor. Northwestern Africa: The Maghreb. The Gulf Oil Region. Turkey, Where East Meets West. Ethnic Separation in Cyprus. Rugged, Strategic, Devastated Afghanistan. Definitions and Insights: Chokepoints. Problem Landscape: The Peace Process. Regional Perspective: The Kurds. Regional Perspective: Water in the Middle East. Definitions and Insights: The Lasting Legacy of Land Mines. V: MONSOON ASIA. 10. A Geographic Profile Of Monsoon Asia. Area and Population. Physical Geography and Human Adaptations. Cultural and Historical Context. Economic Geography. Geopolitical Issues. Definitions and Insights: Monsoon. Perspectives from the Field: Coming upon a Model Landscape. Definitions and Insights: Shifting Cultivation. 11. Complex and Populous South Asia. The Cultural Foundation. Regions, Resources, and Settlements. Climate and Water Supply. Subsistence and Software. Social and Political Complexities. Definitions and Insights: The Sacred Cow. Regional Perspective: "Upstream" and "Downstream" Countries. Regional Perspective: Keeping Malthus at Bay. Definitions and Insights: The Caste System. Problem Landscape: Nationalism and Nukes in the Subcontinent. 12. Southeast Asia from Slash and Burn to Semiconductors. Area, Population, and Environment. The Economic Pattern. The Countries. Definitions and Insights: Rubber. Regional Perspective: The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Regional Perspective: Sex, Drugs, and Health in Southeast Asia. Definitions and Insights: The Boat People. Problem Landscape: The Spratly Islands: Hot Zone of the South China Sea. Problem Landscape: The Balkanization of Indonesia? 13. China Forever Ambitious, Forever Significant. Area and Population. The Physical Setting. Continuity and Ongoing Change in China. The Maoist Revolution and Its Landscape Legacies. Urban and Industrial Development. China and the 21st Century. Taiwan. Mongolia. Definitions and Insights: Chinese Minorities. Problem Landscape: The Unsettled Resettlement of Xinjiang. Regional Perspective: The Silk Road. Landscape in Literature: River Town. Definitions and Insights: Mao Zedong. 14. Japan and the Koreas: Adversity and Prosperity in the Western Pacific. The Japanese Homeland. Historical Background. Japan's Postwar Miracle. Japanese Industry. The Social Landscape. Divided Korea. Problem Landscape: Living on the Ring of Fire. Regional Perspective: Nuclear Power and Nuclear Weapons in the Western Pacific. Definitions and Insights: Japan, Korea, and the Law of the Sea. VI: THE PACIFIC WORLD. 15. A Geographic Profile of the Pacific World. Area and Population. Physical Geography and Human Adaptations. Cultural and Historical Context. Economic Geography. Geopolitical Issues. Definitions and Insights: Deforestation and the Decline of Easter Island. Perspectives from the Field: With Aborigines and Missionaries in Northwestern Australia. Regional Perspective: Foreign Militaries in the Pacific: A Mixed Blessing. 16. Prosperous, Remote Australia and New Zealand. Peoples and Populations. The Australian Environment. Australia's Natural Resource-Based Economy. New Zealand: Pastoral and Urban. Problem Landscape: Australia's Indigenous People Reclaim Rights to the Land. Definitions and Insights: Exotic Species on the Island Continent. Regional Perspective: Australia and New Zealand on the Pacific Rim. VII: AFRICA SOUTH OF THE SAHARA. 17. A Geographic Profile of Africa South of the Sahara. Area and Population. Physical Geography and Human Adaptations. Cultural and Historical Context. Economic Geography. Geopolitical Issues. Regional Perspective: HIV and AIDS in Africa. Regional Perspective: The Great Rift Valley. Definitions and Insights: Shifting Cultivation. Definitions and Insights: Africa's Greatest Conservationist. Regional Perspective: Managing the Great Herbivores. Perspectives from the Field: Under Madagascar. Definitions and Insights: The Modern-Day Slave Trade. Definitions and Insights: Crop and Livestock Introductions as the "Curse of Africa". Problem Landscape: The Trade in Dirty Diamonds. Definitions and Insights: Microcredit. 18. The Assets and Afflictions of Countries South of the Sahara. The Horn of Africa. The Sahel. West Africa. West Central Africa. East Africa. Southern Africa. The Indian Ocean Islands. Regional Perspective: Drought and Desertification in the Sahel. Problem Landscape: The Poor, Oil-Rich Delta of Nigeria. Definitions and Insights: Deadly Lakes. Definitions and Insights: Madagascar and the Theory of Island Biogeography. VIII: LATIN AMERICA. 19. A Geographic Profile of Latin America. Area and Population. Physical Geography and Human Adaptations. Cultural and Historical Context. Economic Geography. Geopolitical Issues. Definitions and Insights: Ring of Fire. Regional Perspectives: Altitudinal Zonation. Perspectives from the Field: The Other Side of Discovery. Regional Perspective: Ecotourism. Definitions and Insights: El Nino and Natural Disasters. 20. The Many Worlds of Middle America. Mexico. Central America. The Caribbean Islands. Definitions and Insights: Another Perspective on Migration. Problem Landscape: "Mexico's Green Dream: No More Cancuns". Landscape in Literature: And We Sold the Rain. Regional Perspective: The Panama Canal: 100 Years of Drama. Definitions and Insights: The Caribbean as an Engine of Cultural Diffusion. 21. South America: The Continuing Search for Identity. The Andean Countries. Brazil. Countries of the Southern Midlatitudes. Antarctica. Problem Landscape: The Geography of Coca in Latin America. Definitions and Insights: Landscape Signatures. Landscape in Literature: At Play in the Fields of the Lord. Definitions and Insights: Human Migration: The Steady Departure from Countryside to City. Regional Perspective: The Nascent Free-Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTTA) Organization. IX: THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA. 22. A Geographic Profile of the United States and Canada. Area and Population. Physical Geography and Human Adaptations. Cultural and Historical Context. Economic Geography. Geopolitical Issues. Regional Perspective: Resolution of Native Land Issues. Definitions and Insights: Resources. Definitions and Insights: The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). 23. Canada. Canada: Highly Varied and Economically Vital. A Mosaic of Canada's Regional Landscapes. Atlantic Canada: The Frustrations of Fishing Down, Tourism Up. Contrasts in the Two Provinces of Canada's Core Region: Ontario and Quebec. The Prairie Region: The Tensions of a Strong Resource Base. The Vancouver Region and British Columbia. The Canadian North: Lots of Land, Few People. Landscape in Literature: In the Skin of a Lion. Definitions and Insights: Long Lots. Problem Landscape: The Zebra Mussel. Definitions and Insights: The Quebec Separatist Movement. Regional Perspective: The Downside of Resource Wealth. 24. The United States: A Landscape Transformed. The Northeast: Original Influences, Contemporary Expression. The South: Industrial Efforts to Modify Traditional Images. The Midwest: Agricultural and Industrial Heartland. The West: Water at the Heart of Everything. Alaska and Hawaii: Exotic Outliers. Definitions and Insights: The Fall Line. Problem Landscape: The World Trade Towers. Definitions and Insights: The Houston Ship Canal. Landscape in Literature: "There's Nothing Out There". Regional Perspective: Theme Park Landscapes. Glossary. Place-Name Pronunciation Guide. Index.

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