Estimating the Public Health Benefits of Proposed Air Pollution Regulations

Estimating the Public Health Benefits of Proposed Air Pollution Regulations

by Committee on Estimating the Health-Risk-Reduction Benefits of Proposed Air Pollution Regulations, National Research Council
     
 

ISBN-10: 0309086094

ISBN-13: 9780309086097

Pub. Date: 10/31/2002

Publisher: National Academies Press

EPA estimates that thousands of premature deaths and cases of illnesses may be avoided by reducing air pollution. At the request of Congress, this report reviews the scientific basis of EPA's methods used in estimating the public health benefits from its air pollution regulations.

Overview

EPA estimates that thousands of premature deaths and cases of illnesses may be avoided by reducing air pollution. At the request of Congress, this report reviews the scientific basis of EPA's methods used in estimating the public health benefits from its air pollution regulations.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309086097
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
10/31/2002
Pages:
192
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Summary....................1
1 Introduction....................17
The Charge to the Committee....................18
The Committee's Approach....................18
Regulatory Context....................19
Critical Steps of a Health Benefits Analysis....................21
Guidance....................23
Organization of Report....................31
References....................32
2 Health Benefits Analyses: EPA Case Studies....................34
Particulate Matter and Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards....................34
Tier 2 Motor Vehicle Emissions Standards and Gasoline Sulfur Control Requirements....................42
Heavy Duty Engine and Vehicle Standards and Highway Diesel Fuel Sulfur Control Requirements....................45
Prospective Analysis of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments....................49
References....................54
3 Framing the Analysis....................57
Regulatory Options Evaluated....................57
Selection of Effects to Evaluate....................60
Time Frame for the Analysis....................62
Description of Conditions with and without the Regulation....................64
Conclusions....................71
Recommendations....................72
References....................73
4 Exposure and Response....................75
Exposure Assessment....................75
Health Outcomes....................84
Concentration-Response Functions....................93
Conclusions....................115
Recommendations....................116
References....................118
5 Uncertainty....................126
EPA's Approach toUncertainty Analysis....................127
Critique of EPA's Current Uncertainty Assessments....................133
Examples of Uncertainty Assessments....................138
Recommended Approach to Uncertainty Assessment....................141
Conclusions....................146
Recommendations....................146
References....................148
6 Using, Presenting, and Reviewing Health Benefits Analyses....................153
Compatibility of Health Benefits Analyses with Cost-Benefit Analyses....................154
Compatibility of Health Benefits Analyses with Cost-Effectiveness Analyses....................156
Compatibility of Health Benefits Analyses with Cost Analyses....................157
Communication of Methods and Results of Analysis....................158
Quality Assurance and Quality Control....................163
Conclusions....................164
Recommendations....................164
References....................165
Appendix Biographical Information on the Committee on Estimating the Health-Risk-Reduction Benefits of Proposed Air Pollution Regulations....................166

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