Estonia and the Estonians / Edition 2

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In this comprehensive survey of Estonian history, Toivo Raun places recent events into historical perspective with up-to-date information on the era of glasnost and perestroika (1985-1991), analyzing the striking process of rebirth, renewal, and de-Sovietization. He stresses the role of Estonia's strategic geopolitical location and the small number of ethnic Estonians as crucial factors that have shaped the history of the area and its inhabitants. Since prehistoric times Estonia has been a crossroads of northeastern Europe where the major powers of the region have struggled for influence. Estonia and the Estonians offers a balanced topical survey covering political history, the economy, social and demographic developments, and cultural life. Attention is also paid to historiography and to differing interpretations of major issues; throughout the book the history of Estonia is viewed in the larger context of northern and eastern Europe.

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Editorial Reviews

Raun (Central Eurasian studies, Indiana U.) surveys Estonia's political history, economy, social and demographic developments, and cultural life from the prehistoric era to the present, with attention paid to historiography and different interpretation of significant issues. Estonian history is also placed in the context of northern and eastern Europe. The original edition was published in 1987; the second, in 1991, and this is an updated version of that second edition. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780817928520
  • Publisher: Hoover Institution Press
  • Publication date: 2/28/2002
  • Series: Publication Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 336
  • Product dimensions: 9.00 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Toivo U. Raun is a professor of history at Indiana University Bloomington in the department of Central Eurasian Studies. He earned his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1969. His main research interests are modern Baltic and Finnish history.

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Table of Contents

List of Maps
Preface to the Updated Second Edition
Pt. 1 Estonia Before 1710
1 The Prehistoric Era 3
2 Medieval Livonia, 1200-1561 15
3 Polish and Swedish Hegemony, 1561-1710 27
Pt. 2 Estonia Under Imperial Russia
4 The Zenith and Eclipse of Serfdom, 1710-1860 37
5 National Awakening and Russification, 1860-1900 57
6 Revolution and War, 1900-1917 81
Pt. 3 Independent Estonia
7 The Emergence of Estonian Independence, 1917-1920 99
8 The Republic of Estonia, 1920-1939 112
9 Estonia in Crisis, 1939-1940 139
Pt. 4 Soviet Estonia
10 The First Year of Soviet Rule, 1940-1941 149
11 The German Occupation, 1941-1944 157
12 The Stalinist Era, 1944-1953 169
13 The Post-Stalin Era, 1953-1985 189
14 Rebirth and De-Sovietization, 1985-1991 222
Pt. 5 Independence Restored
15 Estonia in the 1990s 243
Epilogue 264
Appendixes 267
Glossary 275
Notes 277
Bibliography 325
Index 355
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