Ethical Issues in the New Reproductive Technologies / Edition 2

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Overview

In the last few decades, as new reproductive technologies have been developed, couples desiring children have increasingly turned to various medical interventions when natural conception has been unsuccessful. These new technologies have raised ethical concerns from various quarters, including medical ethics committees, the American Fertility Society, and the Roman Catholic Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
In this informative overview of the ethical implications of reproductive technologies, philosopher Richard T. Hull offers a cross-section of the thinking of individuals specializing in the ethical and legal problems involved in this new area of medicine.
The contributors reflect interests as varied as those of the enthusiastic proponent of the new reproductive technologies, the feminist opposing the exploitation of women, the social critic worrying about erosion of the responsibilities of parenting, and the traditionalist concerned with the transformation of the fundamental moral fabric and social character of the family. Many of the chapters include cases for further discussion and reflection. Also included are three speculative scenarios: selections from Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale, Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, and Gena Corea’s report of the drive to develop an artificial womb.
New to this edition are a glossary, which provides succinct definitions of highly technical terms and Web sites for further information, and a thorough index.
This excellent collection of expert articles will stimulate appreciation of the complex and mutitiered character of moral decision-making as it is experienced by patients, medical professionals, and legislators and jurists charged with preserving, protecting, and applying justly the principles of society.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This book provides many potentially interesting hours of discussion for college courses in ethics and morals. Health care professionals, particularly those who counsel infertile couples, will find it an accurate, up-to-date reference source book. Infertile couples, their friends, and their families will find, from the many different viewpoints expressed, guides for personal and societal decisions."
- review of the first edition in Science Books and Films
Booknews
An anthology of recent (reprinted) ethical perspectives on such issues as artificial insemination, fertility drugs, embryo transfer, gestational surrogacy, fetal monitoring, and nonreproductive uses of fetuses. A case study and introductory discussion begin each section, and the overall introduction by editor Hull pinpoints major areas of moral concern. Could serve as a companion to an introductory ethics or bioethics text. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781591023005
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • Publication date: 10/28/2005
  • Edition description: 2ND
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 396
  • Product dimensions: 6.01 (w) x 8.99 (h) x 0.81 (d)

Meet the Author

Richard T. Hull is professor emeritus of philosophy at the State University of New York at Buffalo; the author of numerous articles on ethical theory; and the editor of Ethical Issues in the New Reproductive Technologies; William H. Werkmeister, Martin Heidegger on the Way; and A Quarter Century of Value Inquiry: Presidential Addresses of the American Society of Value Inquiry.
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Table of Contents

1 Legal and moral claims about the right to assistance in reproduction 1
The constitutional aspects of procreative liberty 9
Instruction on respect for human life in its origin and on the dignity of procreation : replies to certain questions of the day 23
Ethical considerations of new reproductive technologies 45
2 Artificial insemination 55
The subversive sperm : "a false strain of blood" 63
"There is of course the distinction dictated by nature" : law and the problem of paternity 77
3 Fertility drugs, GIFT, and IVF 95
The ethics of in vitro fertilization 105
Test-tube babies : ethical considerations 119
Human in vitro fertilization : a conservative view 131
A criticism of moral conservatism's view of IVF and ET 149
4 Gestational surrogacy and surrogate motherhood 161
Surrogate mothers : not so novel after all 169
In the matter of Baby M., a pseudonym for an actual person 181
The baby broker boom 199
The aftermath of Baby M. : proposed state laws on surrogate motherhood 203
5 Fetal monitoring, sex preselection, non-reproductive uses of fetuses, and forced medical treatment of pregnant women 219
Moral obligations to the not-yet-born : the fetus as patient 227
Compelled medical treatment of pregnant women : life, liberty, and law in conflict 243
Genetic choice 263
The ethical options in transplanting fetal tissue 283
6 Social consequences of increasing infertility, state control of gestation, and the possibility of artificial wombs : the future of reproduction? 297
Historical notes on The handmaid's tale 303
The Central London Hatchery : chapter one of Brave new world 313
The artificial womb : an escape from "the dark and dangerous place" : chapter twelve of The mother machine 323
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