Ethico-Religious Concepts in the Qur'án / Edition 1

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More About This Textbook


In the Ethico-Religious Concepts in the Qur'án Toshihiko Izutsu analyzes the guiding spirit of the Islamic moral code, the basic ethical relationship of man to God. Izutsu asserts that, according to the Qur'anic conception, God is of an ethical nature and acts upon man in an ethical way. The resulting implications for man are enormous, requiring devotion not merely to God but to living one's life ethically. Izutsu shows that for the Qur'an our ethical response to God's actions is religion itself; it is at the same time both ethics and religion. Izutsu explores these themes by employing ethnolinguistics, a theory of the interrelations between linguistic cultural patterns, to analyse the semantic structure of major concepts in the Quar'an. Islam, which arose in the seventh century, represents one of the most sweeping religious reforms ever to appear in the East. The Quar'an shows in vividly concrete terms how time-honoured tribal norms came into bloody conflict with new ideals of life, and finally yielded to the rising power. This transitional epoch is of particular importance in the whole of Islamic thought, a time during which the key terms of a traditionally fixed system of values were transformed in their connotative structure, modified in their combinations, and finally integrated into an entirely different system. Originally published in 1959 as The Structure of the Ethical Terms in the Koran and revised under the current title in 1966, this 2002 reprint makes this classic work of Islamic studies once again available.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780773524279
  • Publisher: McGill-Queens University Press
  • Publication date: 6/5/2002
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 292
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: Language and Culture 3
I The Scope and Focus of the Study 16
II The Method of Analysis and Its Application 24
III The Pessimistic Conception of the Earthly Life 45
IV The Spirit of Tribal Solidarity 55
V The Islamization of Old Arab Virtues 74
Generosity 75
Courage 83
Loyalty 86
Veracity 97
Patience 101
VI The Basic Moral Dichotomy 105
The Companions of Paradise 108
The Companions of Hell 111
VII The Inner Structure of the Concept of Kufr 119
The Element of Ingratitude in Kufr 120
Kufr as Opposed to Iman 124
The Heart of a Kafir 127
Kufr and Shirk 130
Kufr in the Sense of 'Going Astray' 133
Hawa as the Immediate Cause of Dalal 139
The Attitude of Haughtiness 142
Mocking at Revelation 152
Contentiousness 154
VIII The Semantic Field of Kufr 156
Fasiq 156
Fajir 162
Zalim 164
IX Religious Hypocrisy 178
X The Believer 184
The Ideal Believer 184
Iman, Belief, as Opposed to Kufr 187
Islam and Muslim 189
Divine Guidance 193
The Fear of God 195
Thankfulness 200
XI Good and Bad 203
Salih 204
Birr 207
Fasad 211
Ma'ruf and Munkar 213
Khayr and Sharr 217
HSN and SW' 221
Fahsha' or Fahishah 233
Tayyib and Khabith 235
Haram and Halal 237
Sins 241
Conclusion 250
Index of Qur'anic Citations 255
Index of Arabic Words 265
Index of Subjects 276
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