Ethics Across the Professions: A Reader for Professional Ethicsby Clancy Martin, Wayne Vaught, Robert C. Solomon
Pub. Date: 10/16/2009
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
What does it mean to be an ethical professional? A professional career can be so demanding that it permeates every aspect of a person's life and personality. In light of this fact, it is especially important for students who are planning to enter a chosen profession to understand its moral status, moral virtues, and possible moral pitfalls, so that they will be… See more details below
What does it mean to be an ethical professional? A professional career can be so demanding that it permeates every aspect of a person's life and personality. In light of this fact, it is especially important for students who are planning to enter a chosen profession to understand its moral status, moral virtues, and possible moral pitfalls, so that they will be equipped to deal with the inevitable moral quandaries that they will encounter as professionals.
The most up-to-date professional ethics reader available, Ethics Across the Professions analyzes the complex ethical issues that arise in such fields as engineering, finance, healthcare, journalism, and law. Featuring a wide array of both classic and contemporary sources, it ranges from works by Aristotle and Kant to selections by Michael Bayles, Sissela Bok, Paul Ekman, and Thomas Nagel. Organized topically, the anthology covers what it means to be a professional, outlines several ethical models, and addresses key issues including deception in professional life, privacy, loyalty, social welfare, conflicts of interest, and self-regulation. The book includes detailed chapter introductions, several practical case studies at the end of each chapter, and provocative discussion questions on issues like "whistle-blowing," the Iraq War, educating illegal immigrant children, and advertisements for pharmaceutical companies. Edited by three renowned ethicists, Ethics Across the Professions is especially suited for introductory professional ethics courses taught in philosophy departments as well as in nursing schools, business schools, and other professional programs.
- Oxford University Press, USA
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1: What Is It to Be a Professional? The Professions, Leadership, and Work
Henry Mintzberg, "The Professional Organization"
Michael D. Bayles, "The Professions"
Michael Davis, "Professional Responsibility: Just Following the Rules?"
C.S. Lewis, "The Inner Ring"
Joanne Ciulla, "What Is Good Leadership?"
Richard A. Wasserstrom, "Lawyers as Professionals: Some Moral Issues"
Samuel Gorovitz, "Good Doctors"
CASE 1.1: "Professionalism and Nursing"
CASE 1.2: Nick Denton, "Less Heat, More Light"
CASE 1.3: Michael C. Loui, "The Professional Engineer"
Chapter 2: How to be Ethical
Aristotle, "On the Good Life"
Plato, "The Ring of Gyges"
Norman E. Bowie, "Business Codes of Ethics: Window Dressing or Legitimate Alternative to Government Regulation?"
Thomas Hobbes, "Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning Their Felicity and Misery" and "Of the First and Second Natural Laws and of Contracts"
Immanual Kant from Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals
Nigel G. E. Harris, "Professional Codes and Kantian Duties"
John Stuart Mill, from Utilitarianism
Robert C. Solomon, "The Basic Business Virtues: Honesty, Fairness, Trust, and Toughness"
CASE 2.1: James Rachels, "The Prisoner's Dilemma"
CASE 2.2: Bernard Williams, "George, Jim, and Utilitarianism"
Chapter 3: Professional Duties, Client's Rights
Michael D. Bayles, "The Professional-Client Relationship"
Joel J. Kupperman, "Autonomy and the Very Limited Role of Advocacy in the Classroom"
John Wesley Hall, Jr., "Professional Responsibility for Lawyers"
John K. Davis, "Conscientious Refusal and a Doctor's Right to Quit"
Monroe H. Freedman, "Solicitation of Clients: The Professional Responsibility to Chase Ambulances"
Julie Cantor and Ken Baum, "The Limits of Conscientious Objection--May Pharmacists Refuse to Fill Prescriptions for Emergency Contraception?"
Alan Meisel and Mark Kuczewski, "Legal and Ethical Myths About Informed Consent"
Judge Spotswood W. Robinson, III, "Opinion in Canterbury v. Spence"
Thomas L. Carson, "The Ethics of Sales"
CASE 3.1: Edwin J. Perkins, "The Booming Twenties"
CASE 3.2: Megan Rickel, "An Apple a Day"
CASE 3.3: Allison Stevens, "Target at the Center of Battle over Plan B"
Chapter 4: Truth, Lies, and Deception
Robert C. Solomon, "Is It Ever Right to Lie?"
Joseph S. Ellin, "Special Professional Morality and the Duty of Veracity"
Paul Ekman and Mark G. Frank, "Lies That Fail"
Sissela Bok, "Lying and Lies to the Sick and Dying"
Joseph Collins, "Should Doctors Tell the Truth"
Ronald H. Stein, "Lying and Deception for Clients and Counselors"
Benjamin Freedman, "Offering Truth: One Ethical Approach to the Uninformed Cancer Patient"
Sue de Wine, "Giving Feedback: The Truthful Consultant"
Burton Leiser, "Truth in the Marketplace"
CASE 4.1: Stephen Hess, "Lying (for Journalists)"
CASE 4.2: Mary R. Anderlik, Rebecca D. Pentz, and Kenneth R. Hess, "Revisiting the Truth-Telling Debate: A Study of Disclosure Practices at a Major Cancer Center"
CASE 4.3: Robert C. Solomon, "Flying or Lying in Business Class"
CASE 4.4: Robert C. Solomon, "Willful Ignorance? Or Deception?"
Chapter 5: Privacy, Confidentiality, Secrecy, and Trust
Mary Beth Armstrong, "Confidentiality: A Comparison Across the Professions of Medicine, Engineering, and Accounting"
Robert C. Solomon and Fernando Flores, Building Trust"
Terry Pinkard, "Invasions of Privacy in Social Science Research"
Sissela Bok, "The Limits of Confidentiality"
Alan Donagan, "Justifying Legal Practice in the Adversary System: A Look at Confidentiality"
Wayne Vaught, "Parents, Lies, and Videotape: Covert Surveillance in Pediatric Care"
Sissela Bok, "Defining Secrecy--Some Crucial Distinctions"
Deborah C. Johnson, "Hacker Ethics"
Newshour, "The Princess and the Press"
CASE 5.1: O. Mytton, "Should Doctors Talk to Relatives Without a Competent Patient's Consent?"
CASE 5.2: R. Jeffrey Smith, "DeLay PAC Is Indicted for Illegal Donations: Corporate Gifts Aid GOP in Texas Races"
CASE 5.3: Dwight Garner, "You're a Voyeur, I'm a Voyeur"
CASE 5.4: Philip H. Albert, "Trade Secrets: It's Not Who You Know"
Chapter 6: Integrity and Loyalty: Whistle-Blowing and Self-Regulation
Sissela Bok, "Whistleblowing and Professional Responsibility"
Michael Davis, "Some Paradoxes of Whistleblowing"
Ronald Duska, "Whistleblowing and Employee Loyalty"
Lynne McFall, "Integrity"
Cheshire Calhoun, "Standing for Something"
Amy Gutmann, "Can Virtue be Taught to Lawyers?"
Thomas Nagel, "Ruthlessness in Public Life"
Josiah Royce, "Company Loyalty"
Bernard Williams, "Politics and Moral Character"
CASE 6.1: Charles F. Squire, "Is it Ethical to Criticize Other Dentists' Work?"
CASE 6.2: Megan Rickel, "Blowing the Whistle in Iraq"
CASE 6.3: Myron Glazer, "Ten Whistleblowers and How They Fared"
CASE 6.4: Mimi Swants and Sherron Watkins, "Winners and Losers"
CASE 6.5: Megan Rickel, "Chatty Doctors"
Chapter 7: Professionalism, Justice, and Social Welfare
Bowen H. McCoy, "The Parable of the Sadhu"
John Rawls, "Justice as Fairness"
Peter Singer, "Rich and Poor"
Peter Singer, "What Should a Billionaire Give - And What Should You?"
Joyce Bermel, Jay C. Bisgard, M.D., James T. Johnson, and Thomas H. Murray, "Should Physicians Prepare for War?
Dalai Lama, "The Ethic of Compassion"
Amartya Sen, "The Economics of Poverty"
Rachel Smolkin, "Off the Sidelines"
New England Journal of Medicine, "A National Health Program for the United States: A Physician's Proposal"
Kenneth J. Arrow, "Social Responsibility and Economic Efficiency"
CASE 7.1: Arianna Huffington, "Pigs on Parade: Power, Perks, and Impunity"
CASE 7.2: Suzanne Gamboa, "Groups Debate Costs of Educating Illegal Immigrant Children"
CASE 7.3: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "The Fordasaurus"
Chapter 8: Reciprocity, Conflicts of Interest, and Government Regulation
Adam Bellow, "Nepotism in American Business"
Richard T. DeGeorge, "Ethical Issues for Accountants"
Jason E. Klein and Alan R. Fleischman, "The Private Practicing Physician-Investigator: Ethical Implications of Clinical Research in the Office Setting"
Karen Sanders, "Ethics and Journalism"
Warren E. Burger, "Too Many Lawyers, Too Many Suits"
Rebecca Dresser, "Plan B: Politics and Values at the FDA, Again"
David Orentlicher and Lois Snyder, "Can Assisted Suicide be Regulated?
Lisa Belkin, "Prime Time Pushers"
CASE 8.1: Scott J. Turner, "Drug Company Gifts: Marketing Technique Poses Ethical Questions for Some"
CASE 8.2: Maria Merritt, "Moral Conflict in Clinical Trials"
CASE 8.3: Albert Camus, "Quarantine Ethics"
CASE 8.4: George J. Annas, "'Culture of Life': Politics at the Bedside Table--The Case of Terry Schiavo"
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