Preface to the Second Edition.
1. The International Orders.
From Vienna to Versailles–The Rise of the Nation State.
The Challenge of Internationalism.
Federalism and the International ‘State of Nature’.
The Law of Nature and Nations.
2. Realism, Morality and Law.
The Hobbesian State of Nature.
National Interest and Moral Responsibility.
Moralism and the Domestic Analogy.
Factual and Moral Disanalogy.
Christian Attitudes to War.
The Case for Pacifism.
Justice Ad Bellum.
Force and Violence.
Justice In Bello.
The Principle of Double Effect.
4. Weapons of Mass Destruction.
The Argument So Far.
Threats, Bluffs and Conditional Intentions.
Mutually Assured Destruction.
5. Humanitarian Intervention.
Intervention and the Challenge to Legalism.
Autonomy and the Nation State.
Non-intervention and States as Persons.
Consequentialism and Non-intervention.
The Definition of Intervention.
Intervention and Just War Theory.
Intervention, the Rule of Law and the Duty to Intervene.
6. Terrorists, Guerillas and War on Terror.
The Definition of Terror.
Torture and the War on Terrorism.
7. North and South, Aid and Trade.
Absolute and Relative Poverty.
Poverty and Cost/Benefit Analysis.
Taking Stock of the Arguments.
Social Justice and Welfare Rights.
Basic Rights, National Boundaries and International Justice.
Aid and Trade: the World Bank and the WTO.
8. Globalization, Cosmopolitanism and the Environment.
Cosmopolitanism and Subsidiarity.
Shallow and Deep Ecology.
The Gaia Hypothesis.
Globalization, Environment and International Relations.